Tuesday, August 2, 2011

ROBERT PEASE 1589-1644

[Ancestral Link: Lura Minnie Parker (Stagge), daughter of Minnie May Elmer (Parker), daughter of Mark Alfred Elmer, son of Hannah Polina Child (Elmer), daughter of Alfred Bosworth Child, son of Mark Anthony Child, son of Olive Pease (Child), daughter of Daniel Pease, son of Robert Pease, son of John Pease, son of Robert Pease.]

Great Baddow, Essex, England
Great Baddow, Essex, England 51.43N; 0.29E: small town two miles from Chelmsford on the Chelmer River, and thirty miles northeast of London. Through evidence from archaeological finds, the town is known to have been inhabited since the Stone Age. Chelmsford is on the road between London and Ipswich, the latter, most convenient port of embarkation from County Essex. Two hundred people migrated from County Essex to America between 1620 and 1650. In Saxon times, Great Baddow belonged to Algar, Earl of Mercia, but was seized in 1071 by William the Conqueror as a result of Saxon rebellion. The Lordship of Great Baddow has been controlled by the crown, and was sold in 1236, by Viscount Fermangh, to Jacob Hamblon of Great Hallingbury. On local maps are manors that belonged to the Pease family. They are the Barnes, Cutin, and Pease manors. The Pease Hall, built around the 16th century on the Pease manor, was a house with a tile roof, leaded windows, 17th century paneling, 18th century doors, and modern plumbing and wiring. It has a reception hall, three reception rooms, seven bedrooms, two kitchens, gardens, an orchard and paddock, and a range of out buildings, including a well and blacksmith forge. All on a five acre lot. Saint Mary's Church is across the field from Pease Hall. It first appears on record in 1172, when Great Baddow was under the rule of Robert, Earl of Gloucester. The earliest Pease record to survive at Saint Mary's is the burial on 5 April 1540 of Joan Pease, daughter of Robert Pease.
found on ancestry.com

Robert Pease, 1589-1644
Robert - baptized October 28, 1589, Great Baddow, Essex; died October 27, 1644, Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts. His estate was inventoried January 3, 1644/5. Robert arrived at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts aboard the 'Francis' in 1634, together with his son Robert (age 3) and his brother John. It is not known when son Robert's son John arrived in America, perhaps when Margaret (KING) PEASE arrived in 1639. Married first Lydia, who apparently remained in England and probably died before 1639. Robert married second Mary, possibly surnamed FRENCH, probably at Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, where their first three children were baptized on October 15, 1643. It's possible that Robert and Mary were married in England, with their first child born there. Mary married second Richard HAYNES.

Children of Robert and Lydia PEASE: Robert married Sarah; and John married first Mary GOODELL/GOODALE, and second Ann CUMMINGS.

Children of Robert and Marie PEASE: Nathaniel married Mary HOBBS; Sarah married John SAMPSON; Mary married Nathaniel CARRIELL; and possibly Isaac.
found on ancestry.com

Immigration of Robert Pease
ROBERT PEASE, 4; ( Robert, 3; John "the Clothier", 2; John "the Smyth", 1;) the progenitor of the Salem and Enfield Peases, and father of John Pease, Sen., is supposed to have been the son of ROBERT and MARGARET PEASE of Greast Baddow, Essex County, England. He married MARIE__________. He came to this country in the ship Francis from the port of Ipswich, England, the last of April, 1634, and landed at Boston. He was accompanied by his brother John, and eldest son Robert. His wife Marie, and other members of the family, probably came in a later ship.*He settled at Salem, Massachusetts, where he died, 1644, age about 37.
(A Genealogical and Historical Record of the Descendants of John Pease, Sen. last of Enfield, Connecticut by Rev. David Pease)** The Early History of the PEASE FAMILIES in America by Austin Spencer Pease
found on ancestry.com

The Robert Pease / Marie Browning Family
Robert came over on the "Francis" in 1634 from Ipswich, England at about 27 years of age
Because of the baptisms of Nathaniel, Sarah and Mary on one day, another theory states that Lydia was the mother of the eldest three and Marie of the younger three.
Essex County, Massachusetts, Probate Records, Supplement
Name: Pease, Robert
Date: January 1644/5
Town: Salem
Type: inv
Vol./page: I:77
Margaret, widow, Salem, memb. chh. 1639; will dated 1 (7) 1642, prob. 1 (11) 1645; beq. to grandchild John, son of her son Robert Pease, and to Faith Barber. [Court Files I, 35.] She seems to have married Francis Weston, and to have been called "Pease" again after his death.
Robert, age. 27, came in the Francis of Ipswich April 30, 1634. Settled at Salem; adm. chh. 1 (18) 1643. Ch. John, Robert, (deposed in 1670, age. about 41 years,) Nathaniel, Sarah and Mary bapt. 15 (8) 1643.
Admin. of his est. gr. 3 (11) 1644, to widow Maria; sons John and Robert mentioned.

Robert PEASE. Son of Robert PEASE and Margaret KING. Born 1589 in Great Baddow, Essex, England. Christened 28 October 1589 in Of Ipswich, Suffolk, England. Died 27 October 1644 in Salem, Massachusetts. November 1634: Sailed with his brother John on the ship Francis from Ipswich arriving at Boston late in 1634. 1637, Salem: mentioned as having landed in the early Salem Town Record. "Robert Pease and his brother"
1643: Joined the church at Salem at which time three of his children were baptized. Died before his mother, his estate inventoried 3 November 1644 and the widow Marie appointed administratrix. Widow Marie remarried Richard Haines of Beverly, Massachusetts, taking the three other children with her.
He first married Lydia and had Robert and John
Robert Pease born c. 1603, married 2 December 1628 at Widford, Essex to Lydia West, spinster of Great Baddow. This information from Essex Mg. Lic. In London
He second married Marie. Certain communications indicate that her last name was French. While Rice goes into her Huguenot background, there is no reference to the name "French". Banks cites the records of The Quarterly Court, Vol I for three children by this marriage
Robert and Marie Pease had the following children:
Nathaniel PEASE; Christened 15 October 1643 in, Massachusetts. Died after 1714. Nathaniel may have been born in Great Baddow, but was baptized in Salem along with his two sisters in 1643. He settled in Salem. He was in King Philip's War of 1675. There is no record of his children. The Mary Pease implicated in the Salem witch hunt in 1692 was probably his wife. He married Mary HOBBS, 15 March 1668 in, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
Sarah PEASE; Christened 15 October 1643 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts. Died Before 1677. She married John SAMPSON, 22 October 1667 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
Mary PEASE; Christened 15 October 1643 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts. She married Nataniel CARRIELL, 1659.
Issac PEASE; Born Circa 1644 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts. Nothing more about Issac and he is only considered a possible member of this family by Rice
Reference Note (1)Banks, Charles, The History of Martha's Vineyard in Three Volumes (Edgartown, Dukes Co. Hist. Society, 1966) Vol 2 is The Annals of Edgartown - Vol 3 the Family Genealogies (2) Rice, Philip, The Pease Family History (Manor Pub., Monticello, Kentucky, 1982)

First two children by 1st wife, Lydia, and remaining children mothered by Marie.
Robert and his brother John emigrated from Great Baddow, Essex, England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634 aboard the "Frances".
Robert and his family settled in Salem, where he and John were granted land on January 2, 1636/37.
Robert joined the Salem Church in 1634.
Robert died in 1644. The inventory of his estate was taken October 27, 1644, and wife Marie was made administrix.
Robert was apparently married twice, first to Lydia, and then to Marie.
Marie may have been a French Huguenot. The widow Marie married Richard Haines of Beverly.
The Haines and Carriell families are also thought to have been Huguenots.
It is not clear who the mother of the children is, but marriage dates make the first two children as Lydia's.
SOURCE: 1. The Pease Family History - Phillip J. Rice, 19822. The American Genealogist (Three Mary Pease of Salem, Massachusetts by Ian Watson) - vol 70,#4, 1995
November 1634: Sailed with his brother John on the ship Francis from Ipswich arriving at Boston late in 1634.1637, Salem: mentioned as having land in the early Salem Town Record. "Robert Pease and his brother"1643: Joined the church at Salem.31,p94 at which time three of his children were baptised.
Died before his mother, his estate inventoried 3 November 1644 and the widow Marie appointed administratrix.
Marie remarried Richard Haines of Beverly, Massachusetts, taking the three other children with her.77, p12
found on ancestry.com

Arrival from England
The Francis left Ipswich, Suffolk, England mid (30th) April 1634 with her master, John Cutting, arriving in Massachusetts Bay.
found on ancestry.com

Robert's Bio
It is unknown what possessed Robert and his brother John to leave Great Baddow for the unknown New England. William Artis Pease (a descendant) proposes:
My Pease ancestors came from Great Baddow, just two miles from Chelmsford. My unbroken direct line goes back 15 generations to Robert "The Smythe" Pease, born about 1485 in Great Baddow, and four generations later the brothers Robert (Baptized 28 October 1589 in Great Baddow) and John (born about 20 November 1608 in Great Baddow, my direct ancestor) Pease emigrated to New England on the ship Francis, John Cutting, master, sailing from Ipswich, England, at the end of April 1634 to Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony. But why did Robert and John Pease leave their familiar home in Great Baddow to go to the wilds of New England? Perhaps some clues may be found in the following: "On 4 February 1634 Henry Dade wrote from Ipswich, England, to the Archbishop of Canterbury that the ships Francis and Elizabeth with 60 men in each intend to sail for New England on about 10 March and he supposes they are debtors or persons disaffected with the established church. About 600 such men will go over shortly and he questions the effects of allowing such swarms to go. Mr. Ward of Ipswich has preached against the Book of Common Prayer thus causing this giddiness and desire to go to New England. Note: These ships and nine others bound for New England were stayed but on 28 February allowed to proceed on condition that the passengers took the oath of allegiance." From: Calendars of State Papers, American and Colonial Series, 1574-1660. Ed. by W. Noel Sainsbury. London, Longman & Green, 1860. p. 111 There is no evidence to suggest that either brother was a debtor or indigent. Indeed, the presence of at least three manor houses belonging to Pease families in Great Baddow in the early 17th century point rather to their having been quite well off. There is circumstantial evidence, however, to suggest that they may have been among the "persons disaffected with the established church" since the charismatic puritan minister Thomas Hooker had regularly preached in Essex County, including occasionally in Great Baddow where the Peases lived, in the 1620s and early 1630s. "It seems that he was actively preaching in Essex sometime before the end of 1626, and entered into his lectureship [at St. Mary's in Chelmsford] toward the end of that year, for his daughter Anne was baptized at Great Baddow, a village near Chelmsford, on January 5, 1627. He moved his family to Chelmsford sometime in the following year..." (Shuffelton, Frank. Thomas Hooker, 1586-1647. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1977. p. 74)During his few years at St. Mary's in Chelmsford, Thomas Hooker's reputation as a powerful, godly minister blossomed. Cotton Mather, in the first biography of Hooker, Piscator Evangelicus, Or The Life of Mr. Thomas Hooker (Boston, 1695}, wrote of the broad effect of his preaching, even beyond Chelmsford, in this manner: "Hereby there was a great reformation wrought, not only in the town [Chelmsford,] but in the adjacent country, from all parts whereof they came to 'hear the wisdom of the Lord Jesus Christ,' in his gospel, by this worthy man dispensed; and some of great quality among the rest, would often resort from far to his assembly...." {Mather, Cotton, reprinted in Magnalia Christi Americana {New York: Russell and Russell, 1967}, volume I, p. 335.}A little later when his Bishop Laud removed him from his lectureship at St. Mary's in Chelmsford for not conforming to church teachings, Hooker moved to the nearby village of Little Baddow (just a few miles from Great Baddow, the home town of the Peases) and set up a school for children and for ministers of the area who wanted to learn more from him of the Puritan way of the church. Surely, with Hooker's fame as a charismatic preacher in Chelmsford, just two miles from Great Baddow, and with his several other connections with Great Baddow, the Pease brothers must have known well of him and very possibly fell under his spell. They did emigrate from England within a few months after Hooker had emigrated, and the brothers followed him to the same place he went: Boston in New England. They were possibly all part of that large group of people from Chelmsford and its environs who immigrated to New England after 1630 when church pressures upon the nonconformist puritans became very intense. The Pease brothers probably followed Thomas Hooker in particular because it would take a very great preacher "to urge an Englishman to exchange his comfortable Essex farm for an American wilderness"(Shuffelton, p. 76) and to inculcate in him “this giddiness and desire to go to New England" (Calendars of State Papers, cited above). Although it may never be known for sure, it is quite likely that the Peases were Puritans in the fullest sense and emigrated as part of that particular "great migration" from England to New England in the 1630s. John Pease moved to Salem, Massachusetts, in 1637 and from there later to Martha's Vineyard (an island off the Massachusetts coast) where he was among the first settlers. His descendants lived on Martha's Vineyard for another hundred years until James Pease [] (born 1725 in Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard) became a Massachusetts Continental Marine during the Revolutionary War for the Americans. In 1779 he fought in the battle of the Penobscot Expedition in Castine, Maine, and after being soundly defeated (it has been known as the worst defeat of the U.S. Navy before Pearl Harbor) James Pease on his straggling way back to Massachusetts with others passed through Appleton, Maine, and, having heard that land was available, decided to settle there, which he did in 1789. His body is buried, beside his wife's, deep in the forest of Appleton and 109 years later my father, Palmer Martin Pease, was born on the same farm in Appleton, Maine, USA. In 1934 I was born in the nearby city of Rockland, Maine, USA, after my Pease family left their Appleton farm in 1922.I have visited the lovely town of Great Baddow just once, but I certainly intend to do so again. I know of several other Pease family researchers who have visited the town over the years because it is for us the source of our ancestry--the very beginning of our recorded family history.I would be very pleased to hear from any English descendants in Essex who share this Pease ancestry. And does anyone know any more concrete information about this Pease family in Great Baddow before 1485? Where did they live and what was the nature of their living? And did they cross the great Atlantic Ocean and come to the New World in 1634 as Puritans? Do we have enough evidence in the record to say that it is so? And if not, is there any other evidence, circumstantial or otherwise, to point to any other reason why they came?

Robert Pease, son of Robert and Margaret (King) Pease, one of the immigrant ancestors of the Pease family in America; baptized October 28, 1589 in Great Baddow, county Essex, England; died October 27, 1644 in Salem, Massachusetts; married (1) Lydia, (possibly Lydia West). They may have been married December 02, 1628 in Widford, Essex, England. She probably died before he made the journey to America. This marriage to Lydia West is not proven, and is not mentioned in the early Pease genealogies. Robert's baptism is not recorded in St. Mary's. He came to New England in the ship Francis, John Cutting, master, sailing from Ipswich, England the last of April 1634. The ship landed at Boston, Massachusetts without the loss of a single passenger. Robert was accompanied by his brother John, his eldest son Robert, a Miss Clark, aged fifteen, who was the daughter of a fellow passenger, and a Miss Greene, aged fifteen, perhaps a servant. Robert Pease disappeared from records from the time he landed at Boston until three years later in Salem, Massachusetts, where in January 1637, he and his brother John had grants of land, Robert receiving ten acres. Margaret Pease, widow and mother of Robert and John, also immigrated to America, and died September 1, 1644 in Salem. In her will dated September 1, 1642, proved January 1, 1645, she mentions a grandchild, John, son of Robert. Robert's second wife, Marie, whose possible maiden name was Rodans, and the other children arrived in New England on a later ship. Marie, which is French for Mary, may have been born in Great Baddow, and her parents were probably Protestant refugees from France. Robert Pease and Marie were admitted to the Salem Church October 1, 1643, and two weeks later, three of their children were baptized there. Marie, widow of Robert Pease was administratix, and the inventory of his estate was filed August 27, 1644.
After Robert Pease died, Marie married (2) Richard Haines of Beverly, Massachusetts.
found on ancestry.com

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