Saturday, July 30, 2016

Sir William "Braveheart" Wallace

Sir William "Braveheart" Wallace 1272-1305   (22nd great great grandfather)

Born, Elderslie, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died 23 August 1305 (aged 32––33) Smithfield, London, England
Cause of death Decapitation
Occupation Commander in the Scottish Wars of Independence
Children None recorded
Parents Malcolm Wallace (father), Margaret Crauford (mother)

Sir William Wallace ( Medieval Gaelic: Uilliam Uallas; modern Scottish Gaelic: Uilleam Uallas; 1272 –– 23 August 1305) was a Scottish knight and landowner who is known for leading a resistance during the Wars of Scottish Independence and is today remembered in Scotland as a martyr. Along with Andrew Moray, he defeated an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge, and was dubbed the Guardian of Scotland, serving until his defeat at the Battle of Falkirk. A few years later Wallace was captured in Robroyston near Glasgow and handed over to King Edward I of England, who had him executed for treason.

Wallace was the inspiration for the poem The Acts and Deeds of Sir William Wallace, Knight of Elderslie, by the 15th century minstrel, Blind Harry and this poem was to some extent the basis of Randall Wallace’s (no known relation) screenplay for the 1995 film “Braveheart“.

Background
Little is known for certain of William Wallace's immediate family. The Wallace family may have originally come from Wales or Shropshire as followers of Walter Fitzalan (died June 1177), High Steward of Scotland and ancestor of the Stewart family. The early members of the family are recorded as holding lands including Riccarton, Tarbolton, and Auchincruive in Kyle, and Stenton in Haddingtonshire. The seal attached to a letter sent to the Hanse city of Luubeckin 1297 appears to give his father's name as Alan. His brothers Malcolm and John are known from other sources. Alan Wallace may appear in the Ragman Rolls as a crown tenant in Ayrshire, but this is uncertain.

The traditional view is that Wallace's birthplace was Elderslie in Renfrewshire, but it has been recently claimed to be Ellerslile in Ayrshire. There is no contemporary evidence linking him with either location, although both areas were linked to the wider Wallace family.

At the time of Wallace's birth, which cannot be securely dated, King Alexander III (Medieval Gaelic: Alaxandair mac Alaxandair; Modern Gaelic: Alasdair mac Alasdair) ruled Scotland. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stability. Alexander had maintained a positive relationship with the kings of England, while successfully fending off continuing English claims to sovereignty. In 1286 Alexander died after falling from his horse; none of his children survived him. The Scottish lords declared Alexander's four-year-old granddaughter, Margaret (called "the Maid of Norway"), queen. Due to her young age, the Scottish lords set up an interim government to administer Scotland until Margaret came of age. King Edward I of England (popularly known as "Longshanks" among other names) took advantage of the instability by arranging the Treaty of Birgham with the lords, betrothing Margaret to his son, Edward, on the understanding that Scotland would preserve its status as a separate kingdom. Margaret, however, fell ill and died at only seven years of age (1290) on her way from her native Norway to Scotland. Claimants to the Scottish throne came forward almost immediately. With Scotland threatening to descend into a dynastic war, Edward stepped in as arbitrator — as a powerful neighbour and significant jurist he could hardly be ignored. Before the process could begin, he insisted, despite his previous promise to the contrary, that all of the contenders recognize him as Lord Paramount of Scotland. After some initial resistance, all, including John Balliol and Robert Bruce (grandfather of the Robert Bruce who later became king), the chief contenders, accepted this precondition. Finally, in early November 1292, at a great feudal court held in the castle at Berwick-upon-Tweed, judgement was given in favour of John Balliol having the strongest claim in law. Formal announcement of the judgement was given by Edward on 17 November. Edward proceeded to reverse the rulings of the Scottish guardians and even summoned King John Balliol to stand before the English court as a common felon. Balliol was a weak king and not the strong leader Scotland needed in these troubled times. Thus he came to be known as "Toom Tabard", or "Empty Coat". Balliol supporters including Fraser, Bishop of St. Andrews and John Comyn, Earl of Buchan appealed to King Edward to keep the promise he had made in the Treaty of Birgham and elsewhere to respect the customs and laws of Scotland. Edward repudiated the treaty, saying he was no longer bound by it. Balliol renounced his homage in March 1296 and by the end of the month Edward stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then-Scottish border town. He slaughtered almost all of his opponents who resided there, even if they fled to their homes. In April, the Scots were defeated at the Battle of Dunbar in East Lothian and by July Edward had forced Balliol to abdicate at Stracathro near Montrose. Edward then instructed his officers to receive formal homage from some 1,800 Scottish nobles (many of the rest being prisoners of war at that time), having previously removed the Stone of Destiny, the Scottish coronation stone, from Scone Palace, and taken it to London.

Military career
Early exploits
Blind Harry invented a tale that Wallace's father was killed along with his brother John in a skirmish at Loudoun Hill in 1291 by the notorious Lambies, who came from the Clan Lamont. According to local Ayrshire legend, two English soldiers challenged Wallace in the Lanark marketplace regarding his catching of fish. According to various historians, including John Strawhorn, author of The History of Irvine, the legend has Wallace fishing on the River Irvine. He had been staying with his uncle in Riccarton. A group of English soldiers approached, whereupon the leader of the band came forward and demanded the entire catch. Even after Wallace offered half of his fish, the English refused such diplomacy and threatened him with death if he refused. Wallace allegedly floored the approaching soldier with his fishing rod and took up the assailant's sword. He set upon the entire team of English soldiers with stereotypical success. The argument had escalated into a brawl and two English soldiers were killed. Blind Harry places this incident along the River Irvine with five soldiers being killed. The authorities issued a warrant for his arrest shortly thereafter.

According to a plaque outside St. Paul’s Cathedal in Dundee, however, William Wallace began his war for independence by killing the son of the English governor of Dundee, who had made a habit of bullying Wallace and his family. This story perhaps has more weight because it is speculated that Wallace may have attended what is now the High School of Dundee, and spent some of his time growing up in the nearby village of Kilspindie. In 1291, or 1292, William Wallace killed the son of an English noble, named Selby, with a dirk. Wallace enters history when he killed William Heselrig, the English Sheriff of Lanark, in May 1297. According to later legend this was to avenge the death of Marion Braidfute of Lamington— the young maiden Wallace courted and married in Blind Harry's tale. Soon, he achieved victory in skirmishes at Loudon Hill (near Darvel, Ayrshire) and Ayr; he also fought alongside Sir William Douglas the Hardy at Scone, routing the English justiciar, William Ormesby from cities such as Aberdeen, Perth, Glasgow, Scone and Dundee. Supporters of the growing revolt suffered a major blow when Scottish nobles agreed to personal terms with the English at Irvine in July. In August, Wallace left Selkirk Forest with his followers to join Andrew Moray, who had begun another uprising, at Stirling, where they prepared to meet the English in battle. As Wallace's ranks swelled, information obtained by John de Graham prompted Wallace to move his force from Selkirk Forest to the Highlands; there is no historical evidence to suggest that Wallace ever left the Lowlands area of Scotland other than his visit to France and his trip to the scaffold in London. Battle of Stirling Bridge On September 11, 1297, Wallace's forces won the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Although vastly outnumbered, the Scottish forces led by Wallace and Andrew Moray routed the English army. John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey’s professional army of 3,000 cavalry and 8,000 to 10,000 infantry met disaster as they crossed over to the north side of the river. The narrowness of the bridge prevented many soldiers from crossing together (possibly as few as three men abreast), so while the English soldiers crossed, the Scots held back until half of them had passed and then killed the English as quickly as they could cross. The infantry were sent on first, followed by heavy cavalry. But the Scots' sheltron formations forced the infantry back into the advancing cavalry. A pivotal charge, led by one of Wallace's captains, caused some of the English soldiers to retreat as others pushed forward, and under the overwhelming weight, the bridge collapsed and many English soldiers drowned. Some claim that the bridge was rigged to collapse by the action of a man hidden beneath the bridge. The Scots won a significant victory which boosted the confidence of their army. Hugh Cressingham, Edward's treasurer in Scotland, died in the fighting and it is reputed that his body was subsequently flayed and the skin cut into small pieces as tokens of the victory. The Lanercost Chronicle records that Wallace had "a broad strip [of Cressingham’s skin] ... taken from the head to the heel, to make therewith a baldrick for his sword". William Crawford led 400 Scottish heavy cavalry to complete the action by running the English out of Scotland. It is widely believed that Moray died of wounds suffered on the battlefield sometime in the winter of 1297, but an inquisition into the affairs of his uncle, Sir William Moray of Bothwell, held at Berwick in late November 1300, records he was "slain at Stirling against the king." Upon his return from the battle,

Wallace was knighted along with his second-in-command John de Graham, possibly by Robert the Bruce, and Wallace was named "Guardian of Scotland and Leader of its armies". The type of engagement used by Wallace was contrary to the contemporary views on chivalric warfare whereby strength of arms and knightly combat was espoused in the stead of tactical engagements and strategic use of terrain. The battle thus embittered relations between the two antagonistic nations, whilst also perhaps providing a new departure in the type of warfare with which England had hitherto engaged. The numerical and material inferiority of the Scottish forces would be mirrored by the English in the Hundred Years’ War, who, in turn, abandoned chivalric warfare to achieve decisive victory in similar engagements such as Creecy and Poitiers.

In the six months following Stirling Bridge, Wallace led a raid into northern England. His intent was to take the battle to English soil to demonstrate to Edward that Scotland also had the power to inflict the same sort of damage south of the border.

Battle of Falkirk
A year later, Wallace lost the Battle of Falkirk. On 1 April 1298, the English invaded Scotland at Roxburgh. They plundered Lothian and regained some castles, but had failed to bring Wallace to combat. The Scots adopted a scorched earth policy in their own country, and English quartermasters' failure to prepare for the expedition left morale and food low, but Edward's search for Wallace would not end at Falkirk. Wallace arranged his spearmen in four "schiltrons" —— circular, hedgehog formations surrounded by a defensive wall of wooden stakes. The English however employed Welsh longbowmen which swung strategic superiority in their favour. The English proceeded to attack with cavalry, and breaking up the Scottish archers. Under the command of the Scottish nobles, the Scottish knights withdrew, and Edward's men began to attack the schiltrons. It remains unclear whether the infantry shooting bolts, arrows and stones at the spearmen proved the deciding factor, although it is very likely that it was the arrows of Edward's bowmen. Gaps in the schiltrons soon appeared, and the English exploited these to crush the remaining resistance. The Scots lost many men, including John de Graham. Wallace escaped, though his military reputation suffered badly.

By September 1298, Wallace had decided to resign as Guardian of Scotland in favour of Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick (the future king) and John Comyn of Badenoch, King John Balliol's brother-in-law. Bruce became reconciled with King Edward in 1302, while Wallace spurned such moves towards peace. According to Harry, Wallace left with William Crawford in late 1298 on a mission to the court of King Philip IV of France to plead the case for assistance in the Scottish struggle for independence. Backing this claim is a surviving letter from the French king dated 7 November 1300 to his envoys in Rome demanding that they should help Sir William. Whether or not Wallace made it to Rome is uncertain. Harry also states that on their trip down the English coast, the small convoy ran into the infamous pirate Thomas Longoville, also known as the Red Reiver for his red sails and ruthless raids. Hiding in the hold of the ship while Crawford and a small contingent of men sailed, Wallace surprised the pirates as they boarded the ship. Longoville was captured and taken to Paris where the Scots convinced Philip to grant amnesty so that Longoville could prey on English ships. This last story is one of many recorded by Blind Harry for which there is no evidence. Harry also invented a major action against Edward I at Biggar, which, though often cited, never actually occurred.

In 1303, Squire Guthrie was sent to France to ask Wallace and his men to return to Scotland, which they did that same year. They slipped in under the cover of darkness to recover on the farm of William Crawford, near Elcho Wood. Having heard rumours of Wallace's appearance in the area, the English moved in on the farm. A chase ensued and the band of men slipped away after being surrounded in Elcho Wood. Here, Wallace took the life of one of his men that he suspected of disloyalty, in order to divert the English from the trail.

In 1304 he was involved in skirmishes at Happrew and Earnside. Capture and execution Wallace evaded capture by the English until 5 August 1305 when John de Menteith, a Scottish knight loyal to Edward, turned Wallace over to English soldiers at Robroyston near Glasgow. Wallace was transported to London and taken to Westminster Hall, where he was tried for treason and was crowned with a garland of oak to suggest he was the king of outlaws. He responded to the treason charge, "I could not be a traitor to Edward, for I was never his subject." With this, Wallace asserted that the absent John Balliol was officially his king. Wallace was declared guilty. Following the trial, on 23 August 1305, Wallace was taken from the hall, stripped naked and dragged through the city at the heels of a horse to the Elms at Smithfield. He was hanged, drawn and quartered—— strangled by hanging but released while he was still alive, eviscerated and his bowels burnt before him, beheaded, then cut into four parts. His preserved head (dipped in tar) was placed on a pike atop London Bridge. It was later joined by the heads of the brothers, John and Simon on Fraser. His limbs were displayed, separately, in Newcastle upon Tyne, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Stirling, and Aberdeen. The Wallace Sword, which supposedly belonged to Wallace although some parts are at least 160 years later in origin, was held for many years in Loudoun Castle and is now in the Wallace Monument near Stirling.

In 2002 William Wallace was ranked #48 as one of the 100 Greatest Britons in an extensive UK poll conducted by the BBC. In 2005, David Ross undertook a 450 mile walk in commemoration of the septicantennial of Wallace's execution.


Thursday, March 17, 2016

ABRAHAM BIRT 1844-1893




[Ancestral Link: Louis Abraham Stagge, son of Elizabeth Birt (Stagge), daughter of Abraham Birt.]









Family History of Abraham Birt and Catherine Norris by Florence Cragun Leishman, grand-daughter
Abraham Birt, my grandfather, was born 21 December 1844 in the beautiful little village of Painswick, Gloucester County, England, the son of Peter Birt and Harriot Ireland Birt.
 
In the 1840s growing urban demand increased scientific knowledge, and better methods of producing glass jars and tin receptacles permitted the introduction of canned foods, and by the 1960s fresh fruits, fish and vegetables were being canned in considerable quantities. Gail Borden in America had just patented "condensed milk" and dried milk was first made in England in 1855. Together with submarine cable to America successfully laid in 1866, the telegraph made it possible to get news transmitted with unheard of rapidity which gave a stimulus to newspapers, which were likewise aided by mechanical steam presses and cheaper paper.
 
Photography was a new industry, although the first crude photograph had been made in 1822, it was a Frenchman who rendered the process practicable. There was also a very rapid progress of industry between 1830 and 1850, but even more revolutionary than the rapid progress of industry were the startling improvements in transportation. The impact of industry, science and cheap transportation on English agriculture worked first in one direction, then in the other. By the new techniques of the 18th century, British farming had been changed over into a large scale profit making enterprise.
 
In spite of all this progress, Abraham had very little or no education. Coming from a very poor family he was put to work at a very early age. He was farmed out to help land owners with their "farming," and when still a young man was employed as a "gardener" at the Palace of Gloucester. Gloucester City being only six miles from Painswick, it is not known whether or not be walked to and from his labor, or whether he moved to the vicinity of Gloucester City.
 
The following account is given of how the little village of Painswick derived it's name: Wicke, a Saxon word for "villa" was built in a forest cleared by a band of Saxon pirates who came across the North Sea from Germany and swarmed westward through England, killing looting and burning. With the coming of Christianity they built a church on the site where they had formerly sacrificed to Thor the god of thunder, and to all the warrior gods of the Nordic Mists from which they came. Pain Fitzjohn who had been born in England since the conquest was one of the several able officers of King Henry I. As the King's sheriff he also collected the royal revenues so necessary to the law. Twice a year Pain rode with the revenue collected to Winchester of Westminster Hall where the coin was carefully counted. In later years Pain built a small castle on what is now Castle Hale, and our "Wicke" thus became known as Pain's Wicke or Painswick.
 
However it was in Gloucester City that Abraham met Catherine Norris, a young women four years his senior. He fell in love with her and they were married 30 May 1868. Catherine was born 20 January 1840 in the beautiful village of Gloucester City, Gloucester, England. She was the second child and eldest daughter of a family of eight children born to Jacob Norris and Caroline Holbrow. She spent her childhood and early adulthood in Gloucester City. Catherine also came from a very poor family. They were very poorly educated but good religious people who taught their children to be honest, thrifty and hard working individuals. Catherine had no schooling other than what her parents taught her. She was a shy, quiet, retiring girl who took life very seriously. She was also highly emotional, keeping her thoughts and troubles to herself but brooding about them.
 
Abraham and Catherine became the parents of six children. Charles Thomas born 5 June 1870. Elizabeth born 22 May 1872. William born 26 January 1875 died 1880. Minnie Agnes born 1 August 1876. Francis Frank born 19 September 1881. Kate born 30 July 1884.
 
The missionaries visited the Abraham Birt family, where they were received kindly, and the family became very interested in their gospel message. However they were not baptized until after they came to Utah. Abraham, Catherine and their three youngest children, Minnie, Frank and Kate were baptized 20 March 1893 at North Ogden, Weber County, Utah, by John W. Rex.
 
In the year 1880, Catherine gave consent for their eldest daughter, Elizabeth, who was eight years of age, to come to the United States with a friend and neighbor, Alice Brazer. Alice also brought with her a niece, who probably was a friend and playmate to Elizabeth. After arriving in the United States and traveling to Utah, Alice met and married John Knowles, a widower. Alice raised her niece and Elizabeth along with John Knowles' children until they were old enough to marry.
 
When Charles, the eldest son was eleven years of age, grandmother's brother, Thomas Norris, who had been in Utah for some time, wrote asking Catherine to send Charles to him, explaining that he could use him in his work, and sending the money for his transportation. Charles sailed from England with a Mormon missionary who had preached the gospel to the Birt family.
 
On August 4, 1892, Abraham and Catherine left England with their three youngest children. The family was very sick on their way over with the exception of Kate. She made her family, as well as the other passengers, as comfortable as possible by bringing them their meals and water as well as entertaining them with recitations and singing. On arriving in New York, the family came directly to Utah, settling in North Ogden.
 
Shortly after arriving they settled in a little home owned by Alfred Barrett, who employed Abraham as a farmer. Abraham loved the soil, his work and new found home, but the happiness lasted for only a short while. On 9 August 1893, less than a year after his arrival he saddled his horse to go to the pasture for cows. Before he had gone very far something frightened his horse, and he was thrown to the ground, his foot catching in the stirrups he was dragged to his death. Cause of death was listed as "concussion." He is buried in the North Ogden Cemetery.
 
Grandfather's death was such an emotional upset to Catherine, she went about in a state of shock and depression. she would sit for hours on her front porch staring and rocking, and sometimes singing the songs that were sung at Abraham's funeral. She was dazed; her children being too young to understand didn't know how to manage and care for their mother. On consulting relatives and friends, and their family doctor they were advised to have their mother taken to the mental hospital in Provo. She was there for just a short while until she was released and reunited again with her family. She never did get completely over the deep sorrow of the loss of her husband. She grieved until the time of her death.
 
I recall very little of my grandmother, but I do remember her as a dear, kind, loving little lady who I adored. She was always able to supply us with a sweet of some kind, or a penny with which to buy something. She and Uncle Frank, who never married, lived close to us in Pleasant View, and whenever my sister LaVon and I felt the need of candy or cookies, we would carefully cross the road to go visit her.
 
Grandmother kept house for Uncle Frank until he felt it was too much work for her, then she moved to Ogden to live with her daughter Minnie, who had been widowed very young. She cared for Aunt Minnie's children while she worked to make a living for them. In September 1911 Catherine became very ill, passing away 12 September 1911 in Ogden, Utah, age 71 years. Her death was listed as "general debility."  She was buried in the North Ogden Cemetery beside her Abraham. Her family and friends mourned her death, but rejoiced that at least she had joined her beloved husband. Grandmother Birt was loving, thoughtful mother who always felt a deep concern for her children as well as her grandchildren's welfare.
 
Compiled 1 July 1972 by: Florence Cragun Leishman, granddaughter.









Monday, September 22, 2014

Catherine Norris (Birt) 1840-1911

Ancestral Link: JoAnn Stagge (Miller), daughter of Marvin Louis Stagge, son of Louis Abraham Stagge, son of Elizabeth Birt (Stagge) daughter of Catherine Norris (Birt).


Nicholas Bailey - Frank Francis Birt
Minnie Agnes Birt Bailey - Catherine Norris Birt
Catherine "Kate" Birt Cragun/Trapp

Catherine Norris 1840-1911

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

MARVIN LOUIS STAGGE 1920-1975















 



































Ogden City Cemetery
Ogden, Utah, United States
               
"DEFENSE DEPOT OGDEN SAFETY AWARD is presented to Marvin L. Stagge for accident-free work performance over a period of 1 year ending 27 Apr 71, F. W. Haught, Col., USMC

Utah General Depot baseballers, top, and Railroad Boosters, lower photo, will be two of the eight contenders for the Weber Centennial baseball crown at Affleck park, August 12, 13, 14 and 15. Top photo (fourth from left front row) Marvin Stagge....
Ogden Standard-Examiner, August 3, 1947

California, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1882-1959
Lost or Manifest of Aliens Employed on the Vessell as Members of Crew

Name:  Marvin L. Stagge
Vessel: Luxembourg Victory
arriving at San Francisco, California Aug 8 - 1944 from the port of Suva, Fiji
Whether Member on Last Voyage: No
Length of service at sea: 2 mos
Position in ship's company: M.M.
Shipped or engaged: 5/23 at San Francisco
Whether to be discharged at port of arrival:  Yes
Whether able to read: Yes
Age: 23
Male
Race: Dutch
Nationality: USA
Height: 5'8"
Weight: 160
Physical marks, peculiarities, or disease: none

List of Aliens Employed on the Vessel as Members of Crew
Vessel: S. S. Monterey arriving at San Francisco, California April 15, 1944 from the port of  Milne Bay, New Guinea
Member of the crew on last voyage:  No
Name Stagge Marvin
Length of service at sea: 0
Position in ship's company: Scullion
Shipped or engaged:  3/7/44 San Francisco
Age: 23
Race: USA
Nationality: USA
Height: 5 8
Weight: 160
Physical marks, peculiarities, or disease: scar/cheek



California Passenger and Crew Lists, 1893-1957 record for Marvin L. Stagge
List or Manifest of Aliens Employed on the Vessel, as Members of Crew
1300-2533

Name: Marvin L Stagge
Arrival Date: 7 August 1944
Age: 23
Birth Date: About 1921
Gender: Male
Ethnicity: Dutch
Ship Name: Luxembourg Victory
Port of Arrival: San Francisco, California
Port of Departure: Suva; Fiji

California Passenger and Crew Lists, 1893-1957 record for Marvin Stagge
List or Manifest of Aliens Employed on the Vessel, as Members of Crew

Marvin Stagge
Arrival Date: 15 April 1944
Age: 23
Birth Date: About 1921
Gender: Male
Ethnicity: USA (American)
Ship Name: Monterey
Length of Service at Sea: 0
Position in ship's company: Scullion
Shipped or Engaged: 3/7/44 - San Francisco
Whether to be Discharged at Port of Arrival: Y
Whether Able to Read: Y
Height: 5'8"
Weight: 160
Physical Marks: scar/cheek
Port of Arrival: San Francisco, California
Port of Departure: Milne Bay; New Guinea
Archive information (series:roll number):
IMUSACA1907:130161

Military Record
Serial: #4407-00237
STAGGE, Marvin Louis              MARITIME
Born: September 7, 1930 in Utah.
Wife: Beth Schow Stagge, 3209 Wall Ave., Ogden, Utah
ENROLLED Dec 28, 1943 at SLC., sent to Avalon Jan.9, 1943.

found on ancestry.com

Birth announcement in Ogden Standard-Examiner on January 19, 1941, lists address as 2281 Kiesel, Ogden, Utah. Birth announcement for Gary Louis Stagge born on January 8, 1941.

Washington Junior High school students who have done outstanding work during the past two years were honored Thursday at the award assembly....Those who received activity awards are: ...Marvin Stagge...
Ogden Standard-Examiner, May 31, 1936

16 Selected for Legion TourneySixteen players were chosen last week as members of the squad which will represent Herman Baker post of Ogden in the American Legion district two baseball tournament here in July, said Coach Aaron Horne. They are ...Marvin Stagge....
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, June 28, 1936

Youth Hear Praise Words
Legion Commander Gives Banquet for Title Winners

Members of the Ogden American Legion junior baseball team, champions of the district during the season just closed, heard their activities praised at a banquet given by Commander George Meyer in the dining room of Jim's cafe, Wednesday evening.

Chef de Gare George D. Shupe, of the Forty and Eight, talked on the sportsmanship derived from clean athletics. A. K. Cross, who acted as chairman, spoke on the success of the boys and the activities of the tournament in which they won first out of seven teams. Bruce Hamilton praised the enthusiasm of the junior organization, and expressed the hope more teams will enter the league next year. The coach, Aaron Horne, declared he had never coached a finer and cleaner group of boys.

Each player spoke enthusiastically concerning his experiences.

The boys in attendance at the meeting were...Marvin Stagge....
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, September 17, 1936

Fireman Called to Help Injured Boy
Fireman answered an inhalator call to the home of Marvin Stagge, 17, of 3209 Wall, when the youth lapsed into unconsciousness after receiving a head injury while playing ball at Becker's field Tuesday night.

When they arrived, however, he had regained consciousness and apparently was on the way to recovery.
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, June 8, 1938

Clix Service Enters State Semi-Pro Diamond Event
Sixteen Teams to Seek Gonfalon in Four Day Tourney

Fred Ketchem Predicts Spirited Competition in Diamond Series; Former American League Champions Will Bid for 1938 Flag

Clix Service baseballers of the Sunday Morning league, today officially entered the Utah state semi-pro baseball tournament, scheduled for July 14, 15, 16, and 17, at Brigham City. The youngsters captured the state American League title last year.

Fred Ketchem is managing the Clix Service aggregation. Clix Swaner is the team sponsor.

"Our team is composed entirely of youngsters," said Manager Ketchem today. "The team boasts a number of sensational young performers, some that have attracted attention already of scouts.

"We realize of course that the tournament will be hotly contested and that some powerful clubs will compete. The Clix Service team may not romp home with the pendant, but we'll guarantee they'll make it mighty interesting for the other clubs.

"Brigham's new lighted field makes Brigham City the ideal location for a tournament of this kind. The affair promises to attract fine crowds and is a cinch to produce some spirited battled."

Each club enrolling in the tournament will be allowed 15 players. The entries close July 10.

Manager Ketcham today announced his partial roster of players as follows: ...Shortstop - Marvin Stagge...

The joust is sponsored by the junior chamber of commerce of Brigham City.
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, June 30, 1938

Ogdenite Fined in Plates Case
Driver Pleads Guilty in Borrowing Licenses for Auto

BRIGHAM CITY, May 9 - The following cases came before Judge Wesley Horsley in the city court on Monday: Marvin Stagge, 18, Ogden, pleaded guilty to driving an automobile with improper license plates. He was fined $10.
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, May 9, 1939

Reported to Police
Marvin L. Stagge of 3052 Jefferson reported to Ogden police the theft of an auto stereo four tapes from his car while parked in his garage.
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, September 7, 1970

Washington to Make Bid for Grid Gonfalon
Horne Pleased with is 1936 Machine; Porter will Lead Squad
Washington Junior high football will trot out a capable team when the 1936 Junior high grid season gets under way, according to Coach Aaron Horne.

"Prospects are indeed bright for 1936," said Coach Horne. "We will have a number of veterans back and of course many newcomers will bid for posts on the team.

"Practice will open officially on September 8."

Washington's 1936 squad is composed of the following players:

...Backfield...Marvin Stagge (last name listed).
The Ogden Standard-Examiner, 23 August 1936

Obituary
Marvin Louis Stagge, 54, of 3052 Jefferson, died Monday at the McKay Hospital of pneumonia.

Mr. Stagge was born September 7, 1920, in Ogden, a son of Louis A. and Lura Minnie Parker Stagge.

On February 1940, he was married to Beth Schow in Brigham City.

He had worked in the maintenance department of Williams Research Co., and was former parts manager for the Cortese Ford Motor Company in Richmond, California.

He had lived in Ogden and moved to Concord, California, in 1941, returning to Ogden in 1967.

He was a member of the Ogden 9th LDS Ward and served in the Merchant Marines during World War II.

Surviving are his widow of Ogden, two sons and one daughter, Gary L. Stagge, Concord, California; Bruce C. Stagge, Lyman, Wyoming; Mrs. Arnold (JoAnn) Miller, Orem, Utah; three grandchildren.

Also surviving are three brothers, Delbert E. Stagge, Ralph J. Stagge, both of Ogden; Floyd Stagge, Plain City.

Funeral services will be held Thursday at 1 p.m. at Lindquist and Sons Colonial Chapel with Bishop Charles L. Datwyler of the 9th Ward officiating.

Friends may call at the mortuary Wednesday from 6 to 8 p.m. and Thursday prior to services. Interment in Ogden City Cemetery.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, May 27, 1975

Utah, Military Records, 1861-1970 Record for Marvin Louis Stagge
Serial #4407-00237
Stagge, Marvin Louis Maritime
Born: September 7, 1920 in Utah
Wife: Beth Schow Stagge, 3209 Wall Avenue, Ogden, Utah
Enrolled: December 28, 1943 at Salt Lake City, sent to Avalon January 9, 1943
found on ancestry.com

Polk's Ogden (Utah) City Directory
1938 - Stagge, Marvin L, driver A&A Messenger Del r3209 Wall Av
1939 - Stagge, Marvin L, porter UP Stages r3209 Wall Av
1941 - Stagge, Marvin L (Beth) h88 Wilson la
1942 - Stagge, Marvin L 88

Washington Junior Holds Variety Program in School Gym
Eighteen boxing and wrestling contests and a pair of battle royals held the attention of more than 300 fans at the annual smoker at Washington Junior High school last night.

Aaron W. Horne directed the program and Bret Herrick was the referee. Rubo Ellis was the time keeper along with Harold Welch. Walter Woolsey decisioned Dale Parks in one of the feature mit contests.

The following fistic events resulted in draw verdicts:...Parley Davis and Marvin Stagge....
Ogden Standard-Examiner, January 30, 1937.

Washington Diamond Team Ready to Defend Title
Two Regulars to Aid Champions in Next Pennant Race
Washington Junior high baseballers, with only two veterans back in togs, are ready to defend their 1936 Ogden Junior High diamond championship, Aaron Horne, coach, announced today.

"Marvin Stagge, shortstop and relief pitcher, and Keith Gale, outfielder, are the only regulars back for the 1937 session," said Coach Horne today. ....
Ogden Standard-Examiner, April 8, 1937

Legion Team to Play for Coastal Title
Utah Champions Depart Thursday; Stockton Stages Tourney

Fifteen Ogden American Legion baseball players, will leave Ogden Thursday at nine-thirty a.m. for Stockton, California, where they will compete in the western regional tournament Saturday and Sunday.

Aaron Horne, coach of the team, will be in charge of the party. The Ogdenites are slated to play their first game either Saturday morning or Saturday afternoon.

Players named for the trip are:...Marvin Stagge...

"Several parents of the players will also make the trip," said Coach Horne today.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, 11 August 1937

Double Card is scheduled for Ball Fans
Evanston and Smithfield to Test Local Machines in Loop Contests
Semi-pro clubs of the Utah-Idaho and Wasatch leagues will provide fans of Ogden with a double-header at Reddy Kilowatt field Sunday. Ogden Bamboo of the U-I league will meet Smithfield at one p.m. in the first game. Two hours later Ogden Oaks of the Wasatch League will battle Evanston, Wyoming of the same circuit.

A small admission will be charged for the twin bill. This will be the first semi-pro program of the year at the new field at Sixteenth and Brinker.

Both the Oaks and Bamboo plan to enroll in the Utah semi-pro tournament in Brigham City July 4 to 18 inclusive.

Each of the local clubs has a fine following and indications point to nice attendance.

Ogden Bamboo will meet Preston at Preston Saturday in a night contest. George Vaughn is managing the Bamboo.

Archie "Lou" Sophia, first baseman is the new manager of the Ogden Oaks. He has played semi-pro ball in these parts for many years.

Manager Sofia announced the team roster as follows today: ...Infielders -- ...Marvin Stagge.....
Ogden Standard-Examiner, May 10, 1939

Laybourne Directs Brigham Ball Club
Brigham City, April 28th - The Brigham ball club is getting off with a seasonal start by playing the first game of the year with Magna at that place Sunday. On Wednesday, a home game will be played at the local ball park starting at eight-fifteen p.m. Dale Laybourne, former shortstop for the Ogden Reds, is Brigham's manager and the local boys who will appear on the home town team include:...Marvin Stagge....

The local team will work every evening at the ball park beginning at seven-thirty p.m. Other Brigham or Box Elder county boys who wish to try out for a place on the local team are urged to put in an appearance at the practice games.

New uniforms have been ordered and the local team has every indication of having a profitable season, observers point out.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, April 28, 1942

Donkey Ball Set for Tonight; Kids Can Go Free
All kids, under 12, accompanied by their parents, can see the donkey ball game, polo game, and musical chair demonstration free tonight at eight o'clock at the softball park immediately south of the baseball diamond at John Affleck park.

Playing ball donkey-back will be two teams picked from local softball squads. The Dirty Shirts will include.... The White Collar players will be .....Marvin Stagge.....

Wednesday at eight p.m. the "Original Globe Trotters, " Ogden will attempt to ride the donks to victory over a team composed of Ogden business men with a sprinkling of city officials, including Commissioner Edward T. Saunders.

Jack Moore's traveling donkeys will be used in the colorful program. Before the war the donkeys wowed capacity crowds in Ogden and other parts of the state.

Glen Cherry, one of Ogden's outstanding softball pitchers is directing the program. He anticipates one of the biggest crowds of the season.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, September 9, 1947

Washington Will Rule Favorite in New Court Season
JUNIOR HIGH basketball players will open-the 1936 championship race January 17 and conclude their schedule February 21, Dave Wangsgaard, athletic supervisor for the Juniors announced today.

Central, defending champions, will meet serious competition in the new season from the other clubs of the circuit.

Washington, on paper, looks like the team to beat. The Aaron Horne machine boasts size, experience and ability.

Thirty-seven players are bidding for posts on the Washington team. The roster follows:...Marvin Stagge....
Ogden Standard-Examiner, December 6, 1935


Presenting the Washington junior high baseball team, champions of the junior high league for 1936. Back row, left to right, Aaron Horne, coach; Keith Peterson, first base; F. T. Wiggins, principal; Parley Davis third base; third row, left to right, LeRoy Krumperman, rf; Jack Wecker, captain and catcher; Carl Yarrington, lf; Billy Porter, manager, and Bob Henstra, rf; second row, left to right, Paul Lane, p; Frank Lewis, cf; Walter Woolsey, infielder; Verle Pierson, p; Edwin Stringer, inflelder; front row left to right, Ray Pierson, infielder; Keith Gale, cf; Irwin Porter, of; Wayne Boyle, 2b; Mack Cook, p; Marvin Stagge, ss; Ira Craig, pitcher and outfielder, absent when photo was taken.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, May 31, 1936.

Amblers Take Long GameFor the second time this season,Utah General Depot and Amblers went into extra innings before the winning run was scored. This time Amblers came out on the long end of the 3 to 2 score as Nelson bested Fisher in a fine pitching duel. Except for Cisowski's inside the park homer in the second, no batter connected until Stagge doubled down the left field line in the seventh for the Depot to eventually score the tieing run on Fisher's bunt. Swanke scored in similar fashion for Amblers in the eighth as he came home after a short fly to center to score sliding on a play that ended in a whirl of dust and could have been called either way, so accurate was Bell's throw to the plate after the catch.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, July 31, 1947

Packers Suffer Two DefeatsZeke's Place and Railroad Boosters turned back American Pack in league games Sunday in the Ogden service league. Zeke's Place upset the Packers 13-0 with Lefty Morris giving up only two hits. Railroad Boosters smashed out a 10-15 decision over the Packers in the other game. Manning of the Boosters hit a home run with two men on the sacks. Stagge of the Boosters engineered two fancy double plays.
Ogden Standard-Examiner, June 3, 1946

"Here are three of the 20 natives Marvin Stagge and his shipmates found living on Nageli Lavu island in the South Pacific. These range from 14 to 16 years of age."

South Sea Stopover
Stagge, 43 Comrades, Find Life, Hope and Papaya on Tiny Pacific Island
When dawn broke on the South Pacific that mid-winter morning of 1944 it brought with it new hope for 44 merchant seamen who had been drifting in open boats for three and one-half days.

Those days had been marked by panic, tragedy, pain, monotony, and despair. The tiny atoll that now appeared on the horizon would certainly mean relief from the cramped lifeboats and an end to the monotony of the sea, but it could also mean starvation and a sandy grave. However, it was the possibility that the strip of land before them held fresh food and water, shelter from the tropical sun, relief from the inured, an eventual rescue that did most to raise their spirits.

One of those 44 seamen was Marvin Stagge, formerly of service stock and now of the service department.

Less than four days previously he had been steaming northward from Guadalcanal aboard the victory ship Luxemburg on which he was a cook. Without cargo and without convoy, the Luxemburg was returning Army officers to the United States.

Stagge and his mates were asleep in the foc'sle when shortly after midnight they were knocked to the deck by a jolting blast. A torpedo from a Jap sub had struck amidships.

The events that immediately followed are fogged in Stagge's memory. He does remember a cabin mate carefully packing his seabag and frantic attempts to secure watertight doors. Then there was the order to abandon ship.

Four boats were lowered, two of them motor launches equipped with sea anchors, the other two open lifeboats. Stagge drew one of the latter.

Twenty-four minutes after she had been hit the Luxemburg was enveloped by the sea.

The four boats hadn't been adrift long when a squall upset the placid surface of the moonlit water. The launches were able to hold their positions with sea anchors, but the lifeboats were battered about recklessly by the churning sea. Together, after drifting for three and one-half days, they reached the beach of Mageli Lavu island.

As they came closer to the small isle -- about the size of a city block -- they could see that it was inhabited. Natives, tall muscular men, were standing on the beach.

"We wanted to appease these men and did everything in our power to show them that we were friendly. We talked pig latin and made every sound we thought might help us be understood. We used sign language -- all the gestures we had seen explorers use in the movies."

And it turned out like it so often does in the movies --

"Our efforts seemed futile. The natives just stared. We were becoming frantic when one of the natives asked:

"'What d'ya say, Joe?"

It was easy after that.

There were still hardships but they were fewer and easier to bear now that chances of survival had been increased.

There were twenty-two natives on the island - five men, fifteen women, and two children. They had been placed there by the British a year previously.

There was food. The island held an abundant supply of bananas, pineapple, coconut, and papaya. Fish were a frequent and substantial part of the diet.

There was shelter. The natives aided the men in constructing huts of banana branches.

And there was recreation. By day the men were entertained by the natives who, after seeing that their guests were impressed by their talents, were eager to outdo each other. They scrambled up the coconut palms and dove deep and long beneath the surface of the sea.

At night there was singing around the fires. The seamen taught their hosts the old American ballads and the natives reciprocated with island chants. The islanders did particularly well on "The Old Mill Stream."

But the atmosphere was somber. From the natives it was learned that Nageli Lavu was a part of the Fiji group but that the closest other isle in the galaxy was 500 miles away. A ship hadn't been seen in weeks.

Some of the men were seriously injured. Stagge himself had a brain concussion. The small first aid kits from the life boats were the only medical supplies.

As days passed morale fell. Planes were sighted occasionally, but attempts to attract them with rockets and flares were futile.

Spirits were quickly revived when on the fifteenth day an aircraft carrier was sighted and attracted by the frantic signals. After receiving medical attention in an island hospital, the rescued mariners were returned to the United States.

Stagge returned to Ford-Richmond in February 1945. Looking back on the experience he states:
"It was one of those things you wouldn't miss for the world, but wouldn't go through again for anything."

He is married and the father of two children.
Richmond News, November 1946, Page 8. (The Ford paper)


U.S. Social Security Death Index for Marvin Stagge
First Name: Marvin
Middle Name:
Last Name: Stagge
Name Suffix:
Birth Date: 7 September 1920
Social Security Number: 529-09-0807
Place of Issuance: Utah
Last Residence:
Zip Code of Last Residence:
Death Date: May 1975
Estimated Age at Death: 55
found on familysearch.org

United States Census, 1930 for Marvin Stagge
Name: Marvin Stagge
Event: Census Event
Date: 1930 Event
Place: Ogden, Weber, Utah
Gender: Male Age: 9
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Birthplace: Utah
Estimated Birth Year: 1921
Immigration Year:
Relationship to Head of Household: Son
Father's Birthplace: Utah
Mother's Birthplace: Utah
Enumeration District Number: 0015
Family Number: 304
Sheet Number and Letter: 14A
Line Number: 32
NARA Publication: T626, roll 2424
Film Number: 2342158
Digital Folder Number: 4547822
Image Number: 00603
Household
Parent - Louis Stagge, M, 35
Parent - Lura Stagge, F, 34
Child - Marvin Stagge, M, 9
Child - Velda Stagge, F, 7
Child - Delbert Stagge, M, 6
Child - Ralph Stagge, M, 4
Found on familysearch.org

Personal Record
Blessed 3 October 1928 by Joseph Parker (grandfather)
Baptized 28 October 1928 in Ogden, Weber, Utah by John E. Fowler and Confirmed 28 October 1928 by John F. Fowler
Ordained a Deason 18 December 1932 by Horace E. Garner
Married Beth Schow on 21 February 1940 in Briahm City, Utah by Bishop Wilford Freeman
found in genealogy book of Beth Schow Stagge


These Athletes Provide Story Book Diamond Drama
STATE AMERICAN LEGION BASEBALL CHAMPIONS. . . That is sweet music today to the ears of these Ogden youngsters.  The Ogden team, after stubborn competition to get to the state finals, provided a story book finish at Brigham City Tuesday.  The Harman Baker post team will now represent Utah in the western finals at Stockton, California, next week end.  Back row, left to right: Coach Aaron Horne; Stringer, utility; Gibson, 1b; Schofield, lf; Caranshan, p; Driscell, p; Hepworth, c; Woosey, 3b, and George F. Meyer, vice-commander, department of Utah.  Front row, left to right: Stone, cf; Beck, 2b; Gudmundson, utility infielder; Franch, rf; Stagge, ss; Dalton, outfielder and Baird, pitcher.  Photo by Ralph Furney, Standard-Examiner staff.