Tuesday, August 16, 2011

JOHN ELMER or AYLMER 1521-1594

[Ancestral Link: Lura Minnie Parker (Stagge), daughter of Minnie May Elmer (Parker), daughter of Mark Alfred Elmer, son of William Elmer, son of John Elmer, son of William Elmer, son of William Elmer, son of John Elmer, son of John Elmer, son of Edward Elmer, son of Edward Elmer, son of Samuel Elmer or Aylmer, son of John Elmer or Aylmer.]

Burial Photo
Birth: 1521
Death: 1594
Bishop of London to Queen Elizabeth I, and a constitutionalist and a Greek scholar. He studied at Queen's College, Cambridge, and in 1549 became tutor to the 12-year old Lady Jane Grey, later famously to be Queen of England for nine days. He was Bishop of London from 1577 to 1594.

Burial: Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, Greater London, England
Find A Grave Memorial# 61607405
found on findagrave.com
"An Harborowe for Faithfull and Trewe Subjects" by John Aylmer
English school painting (1568)

Full Title: "An harborovve for faithfull and trevve subiectes agaynst the late blowne blaste concerninge...

Treescape surrounding site of Aylmer Hall

Lady Jane Grey with her sisters and tutor John Aylmer

Gatehouse leading to Queen's College of Cambridge University.

John Aylmer History, England

His first preferment was to the archdeaconry of Stow, in the diocese of Lincoln, but his opposition in convocation to the doctrine of transubstantiation led to his deprivation and to his flight into Switzerland. While there he wrote a reply to John Knox's famous Blast against the Monstrous Regiment of Women, under the title of An Harborowe for Faithfull and Trewe Subjects, &c., and assisted John Foxe in translating the Acts of the Martyrs into Latin.

On the accession of Queen Elizabeth he returned to England. In 1559 he resumed the Stow archdeaconry, and in 1562 he obtained that of Lincoln. He was a member of the famous convocation of 1562, which reformed and settled the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England. In 1576 he was consecrated Bishop of London, and while in that position made himself notorious by his harsh treatment of all who differed from him on ecclesiastical questions, whether Puritan or Papist. Various efforts were made to remove him to another see.

He is frequently assailed in the famous Marprelate Tracts, and is characterized as "Morrell," the bad shepherd, in Spenser's Shepheard's Calendar (July).

His reputation as a scholar hardly balances his inadequacy as a bishop in the transition time in which he lived. He died in June 1594.

Excerpted from:
Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. Vol III.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1910. 73.

Books for further study: Strype, John. Historical Collections of the Life and Acts of the Right Reverend Father in God, John Aylmer. Franklin Reprints, 1974. Available Free at Google Books
found on ancestry.com


"Aylmer, like John Ponet and Stephen Gardiner before him, is an important figure in the story of the reception of classical mixed government in Tudor England." [3] John Aylmer wrote his work An harborowe for faithful and trewe subiectes (1559), to defend the female monarchy of Elizabeth I. His effort to familiarize his fellow countrymen with the "strange and alluring vocabulary of politics", introducing them to the classical forms and terminology, must be viewed as secondary to this primary goal.

Aylmer nevertheless described England as not "a mere monarchy, as some for lack of consideration think, nor a mere oligarchy, nor democracy, but a rule mixed of all these." 1 He goes on to say that in the mixed state, "each one of these have or should have like authority." He argued that in the king-in-Parliament, or, in Elizabeth's case, the queen-in-Parliament, was not the "image" of a mixed state "but the thing in deed." It was in Parliament that one found the three estates: "the king or queen, which representeth the monarchy; the noble men which be the aristocracy; and the burgesses and knights the democracy." As he says, "In like manner, if the Parliament use their privileges: the king can ordain nothing without them." Parliamentary restraint of a queen's feminine vices would, according to Aylmer, ameliorate the disadvantages of female monarchy.

His work, particularly his characterisation of England as a mixed monarchy, would be important to later English constitutionalists.

^ Dangerous Positions; Mixed Government, the Estates of the Realm, and the Making of the "Answer to the xix propositions", Michael Mendle, University of Alabama Press, 1985. pg 49.
^ Dangerous Positions, Mendle. pg 61.
^ Dangerous Positions, Mendle. pg 50.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
found on ancestry.com

JOHN AYLMER, English divine, was born in the year 1521 at Aylmer Hall, Tivetshail St Mary, Norfolk. While still a boy, his precocity was noticed by Henry Grey, Marquis of Dorset, afterwards Duke of Suffolk, who sent him to Cambridge, where he seems to have become a fellow of Queens' College. About 1541 he was made chaplain to the Duke, and tutor to his daughter, Lady Jane Grey.

Aylmer Name

Aylmer - the surname Aylmer appears first in England in about 1250, and in Ireland some twenty years later.  Many Aylmers were found at or near Newcastle Lyons, county Dublin, from 1290-1350, being officials and farmers of the King's Manors.  Towards the end of the 14th century, John Aylmer married Helen Tyrrell, daughter and heir of John Tyrrell, of Lyons, county Kildare, and thus that manor and other lands came to the Aylmer family.  Richard Aylmer (1509-1559), 5th in descent from John, in 1558 acquired from Thomas, Earl of Ormonde and Ossory, the entire barony of Oughterany, county Kildare, including the manor of Donadea.

Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, edited by Peter Townsend, MCMLXIII, London, found in Flower Memorial Library, Watertown, New York.

Note: Aylmer later became Elmer, Elmore, etc.

An article in the manuscript Box #1 in the Connecticut Historical Society in Hartford, Connecticut from the Suffolk Times, Saturday 31 March 1883, the obituary of Cordello E. Elmer, died Southold, 19 March 1883:

"The English name was Alymer, as we see it in Tennyson's striking poem, 'Aylmer's Field.'  The family became distinguished in England as early as 1306, one of its members being a Chief Baron of the Exchequer.  Later, another was the tutor of Lady Jane Grey.  He was an Oxford scholar, and Queen Elizabeth made him Bishop of London in 1568 by the name of John Elmer.  The earliest member of the family be be an American was Edward Elmer.  He came from England in 1632... Two of Edward's grandsons became Presbyterian ministers - one, Daniel Elmer, born in Hartford in 1690, was graduated at Yale in 1713 and became in 1729 Pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Fairfield, Cumberland County, New Jersey, and continued in his office until he died in 1755 ... The other ministerial grandson of Edward Elmer was the Reverend Jonathan Elmer.  He was a graduate of Yale in 1747 and the Pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Providence, Essex County, New Jersey from 1750-1793.  One of the man's brothers was a colonel of Connecticut troops in the War of Independence and having been commissioned as Samuel Elmore, he adopted this spelling ... Cordello Elmer was a son of Theodorus Elmer, born 21 October 1796 at Bowman's Creek Wyoming County, Pennsylvania (Cordello Elmer) who went thence with  his boyhood to Winfield, Herkimer County, New York.  In 1851, Cordellos moved to Sandy Creek, Oswego County, New York where he died 16 October 1879.
The Elmer Family, compiled by Ellison L. Elmer
FH Library 929.273 A1 No. 7837

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