Tuesday, August 16, 2011

JOHN LYON 1509-1592

[Ancestral Link: Lura Minnie Parker (Stagge), daughter of Minnie May Elmer (Parker), daughter of Mark Alfred Elmer, son of Hannah Polina Child (Elmer), daughter of Alfred Bosworth Child, son of Mark Anthony Child, son of Increase Child, son of Mary Lyon (Child), daughter of Joseph Lyon, son of Joseph Lyon, son of William Lyon, son of William Lyon, son of William Lyon, son of John Lyon.]

Glamis Castle during a party in 2009

Glamis Castle

John Lyon/Harrow on the Hill

The Environs of London: volume 2: County of Middlesex, by Daniel Lysons (1795), pp. 559-588

John Lyon, founder of Harrow school.

In the nave are the tombs of Dorothy, wife of Anthony Frankyshe of Water Stothard, Bucks, and daughter of William Bellamy, Esq. of Uxendon, 1574; John Lyon, founder of Harrowschool, with a figure in brass of the deceased, (nearly covered with a pew,) and the following inscription:

"Heare lyeth buried the bodye of John Lyon late of Preston in this parish, yeoman, decdthe 11thday of Octrin the yeare of our Lord 1592, who hath founded a free grammar school in the parish, to have continuance for ever, and for maintenance thereof; and for releyffe of the poore, and of some poore schollers in the universityes, repairinge of highwayes, and other good and charitable uses, hath made conveyance of lands of good value to a corporation granted for that purpose.—Prayers be to the Author of all goodness, who make us myndful to follow his good example."

found on ancestry.com

John and Joan in Middlesex
11115211-John Lyon was born in 1509-1510 in Ryslippe, Middlesex, England and died on 3 October 1592 in Ryslippe, Middlesex, England, at age 83.

John married Joan Mrs Lyon, before 1555 in England. Joan was born in 1514 in Of, Ryslippe, Middlesex, England, died on 5 April 1535 in England, at age 21, and was buried on 5 April 1535. They had six children: Richard, Elizabeth, Elisabeth, William, Thomas, and Thomas. This may incorrect.

Note: From individual number 1 down to 11115211-John LYON may not be our family. The lineage below comes from several books on the Lyon family. Recent research has shown that 11115211-John Lyon and his wife Joan are probably not the parents of Richard, Elizabeth, Elisabeth, William, Thomas, and Thomas. It appears that John and Joan had no children. I will publish more on this as more data comes to light
MY NOTE: I wonder if they are from Janet Keith?
found on ancestry.com

Lord Lyons, 6th Lord Glamis

Although Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, perhaps the greatest herald genealogist believed that his family were of Celtic origin and descended from a younger son of the Lamonts, the generally accepted view is that they descended from a French family called de Leon, who came north with Edgar, son of Malcolm III, at the end of the eleventh century to fight against his uncle, Donald Bane, the usurper of the throne. Edgar was triumphant, and de Leon received lands in Perthshire which were later called Glen Lyon. Roger de Leonne witnessed a charter of Edgar to the Abbey at Dunfermline in 1105.

In 1372 Robert II granted to Sir John Lyon, called the White Lyon because of his fair complexion, the thanage of Glamis. Five years later he became Chamberlain of Scotland, and his prominence was such that he was considered fit to marry the king¹s daughter, Princess Joanna, who brought with her not only illustrious lineage, but also the lands of Tannadice on the River Esk. He was later also granted the barony of Kinghorne. He was killed during a quarrel with Sir James Lindsay of Crawford near Menmuir in Angus.

The family have descended in a direct line from the White Lion and Princess Joanna to the present day, and their crest alludes to this. His only son, another John, was his successor, and he strengthened the royal ties by marrying a granddaughter of Robert II. Sir John¹s son, Patrick, was created Lord Glamis in 1445 and thereafter became a Privy Councillor and Master of the Royal Household.

John, the sixth Lord Glamis, was, according to a tradition, a quarrelsome man with a quick temper. He married Janet Douglas, granddaughter of the famous Archibald Bell the Cat, and after his death she suffered terribly for the hatred which James V bore to all of her name. Lady Glamis was accused on trumped-up charges of witchcraft and, despite speaking boldly in her own defence, her doom was preordained. She was burned at the stake on the castle hill at Edinburgh on 3 December 1540.

The eighth Lord Glamis renounced his allegiance to Mary Queen of Scots and served under the Regents Moray and Lennox. He was made Chancellor of Scotland and Keeper of the Great Seal for life, and his son, the ninth Lord, was captain of the Royal Guard and one of James VI's Privy Councillors.

In 1606 he was created Earl of Kinghorne, Viscount Lyon and Baron Glamis. His son, the second Earl, was a close personal friend of James Graham the Marquess of Montrose and was with him when he subscribed to the National Covenant in 1638. He accompanied Montrose on his early campaigns in defence of the Covenant , but despite his great affection for the Marquess, he could not support him when he broke with the Scots Parliament to fight for Charles I. Lyon almost ruined his estates in supporting the Army of the Covenant against his friend.

In 1677 the third Earl of Kinghorne obtained a new patent of nobility, being styled thereafter Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Viscount Lyon, Baron Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw and Strathdichtie. He paid off the debts he inherited from his father by skillful management of the estates and was later able to alter and enlarge the Castle of Glamis. John, his son, although a member of the Privy Council, opposed the Treaty of Union of 1707.

His son was a Jacobite who fought in the rising of 1715 at the Battle of Sheriffmuir in Tullibardine¹s regiment. He died defending his regiment¹s colours. In 1716 James, the Old Pretender. son of James VII, was entetained at Glamis. Thirty years later another king¹s son, but a much less welcome one, the Duke of Cumberland, stopped at the castle on his march north to Culloden. It is said that after he left the bed which he had used was dismantled.

Among the Jacobite relics now preserved at Glamis are a sword and watch belonging to James VIII, the Old Pretender, and an intriguing tartan coat worn by him. The youngest daughter of the fourteenth Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne was HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.

The current Chief of Clan Lyon is Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne.
found on ancestry.com

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