Tuesday, August 2, 2011

JACOB BARNEY 1601-1673

[Ancestral Link: Lura Minnie Parker (Stagge), daughter of Minnie May Elmer (Parker), daughter of Mark Alfred Elmer, son of Hannah Polina Child (Elmer), daughter of Polly Barber (Child), daughter of Ichabod Barber, son of Mary Barney (Barber), daughter of Israel Barney, son of Israel Barney, son of Jacob Barney, son of Jacob Barney.]

Found on www.barney.org/family/wga3.html
Jacob and Elizabeth Barney are buried in unmarked graves in Salem, Massachusetts. He was made a freeman of Salem on May 14, 1634. He sat in at least five sessions of the General Court. There are several references to land sales to or from Jacob in Salem history. He was a tailor by trade.

He made a will and appointed his son Jacob Jr., and his wife Elizabeth to administer it, and swore to it, April 18, 1672. Jacob was on the city counsel of Salem and was one of the committee who tried Roger Williams and banished him from Salem. However, there was one dissenting vote, which is thought to have been Jacob's, for his son Jacob joined the Baptists, which was the creed that Salem Rejected in Roger Williams.
found on ancestry.com

The Great Migration Begins - Jacob Barney
ORIGIN: Unknown
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Jacob Barney is in the list of Salem church members prior to the end of 1636, but his date of freemanship implies that he had been admitted before 14 May 1634 [ SChR 6].
FREEMAN: 14 May 1634 [ MBCR 1:369].
EDUCATION: Signed petition of 29 June 1658 [ EQC 2:102]. As appraiser, signed inventory of Daniel Ray, 26 June 1662 [EQC 2:414]. Inventory included books valued at 18s.; in the settlement of the estate son Jacob was to have the father's Bible.
OFFICES: Deputy to General Court for Salem 2 September 1635, 6 September 1638, 26 May 1647, 18 May 1653 [MBCR 1:156, 236, 2:186, 3:297]; on 28 April 1655 "Jacob Barney is chosen Deputy for [the] first Sessions of the next General Court; upon Jacob Barney's refusal Edmond Batter is chosen for the first Sessions" [ STR 1:183]. Essex jury, 25 September 1638, 25 December 1638, 25 June 1639, 30 June 1640, 29 December 1640 [EQC 1:9, 10, 11, 19, 23]; Essex grand jury 25 January 1641/2, 26 December 1643, 9 July 1644, 30 September 1644, 31 December 1644, 25 December 1649, 25 June 1650, 25 November 1651, 29 June 1652, 27 November 1655 [EQC 1:33, 57, 62, 74, 180, 191, 238, 253, 408; STR 1:120, 133, 185]; Essex petit jury, 30 December 1645, 30 June 1646, 28 December 1646, 26 March 1650, 31 December 1650, 30 November 1652, 28 November 1654, 29 June 1658, 26 June 1660, 24 June 1662, 28 June 1664, 25 June 1667 [EQC 1:89, 95, 186, 204, 270, 372, 2:71, 202, 385, 3:154, 413; STR 1:139, 144, 146, 216, 2:28, 47, 80]. Salem selectman 1654, 1655, 1657 [STR 1:175, 181, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 196, 198, 199, 200, 202, 203, 204, 207, 208, 209]; tithingman, 7 July 1644 [STR 1:131]; committee to lay out highway, 10 July 1650 [STR 1:165]; surveyor of bridges, 26 April 1658 [STR 1:215]; committee to assess town rate, 18 August 1658 [STR 1:217]; highway surveyor, 8 January 1660/1, 23 December 1662 [STR 2:10, 30]; various other Salem committees, 8 June 1657, 22 August 1657, 14 September 1657, 22 September 1657 [STR 1:201, 204, 205]. On 10 November 1668 "Jacob Barney Sr. [was] fined 50s. for refusing to serve in the place of a constable being formerly legally chosen. Jacob Barney Jun. chosen constable in his room" [STR 2:95]; on 9 March 1668/9 the fine was remitted [STR 2:100].ESTATE: Granted 50 acres in Salem in 1636 (altered from 60 acres) [STR 1:20,26]. Granted one acre of meadow on 25 December 1637, for a household of six [STR 1:102]. On 28 December 1650 Jacob Barney requested "a parcel of land at Long Hill that joineth to the farm that was Mr. Alford's," and was granted fifty acres; this same parcel was provisionally regranted to John Remont [i.e., Rayment] on 2 March 1652/3 [STR 1:166, 173]. In his will of 30 March 1652, John Hardy of Salem mentions "one acre of marsh that I bought of Jacob Barny" [EQC 1:255]. On 26 July 1657 William Paine of Boston sold to Jacob Barney of Salem for £8 one hundred acres which was "sometimes the farm lot of Richard Ingersall of Salem deceased the which farm is bounded on the east with the farm of Jacob Barney ..." [EQC 4:109]. On 29 November 1667 Job Swinnerton Jr. of Salem sold to Jacob Barney Sr. of the same for £10 68 rods in Salem [ ELR 3:42]. On 8 October 1668 Thomas Chubb of Salem, carpenter, mortgaged to Jacob Barney of Salem, tailor, four acres of land; the mortgage was cleared on 20 February 1682, as acknowledged by "Jacob Barnie, son of the within specified Jacob Barny" [ELR 3:43]. The inventory of Jacob Barney Sr. was taken 2 June 1673 and totalled £655 3s. 8d., of which £462 was real estate: seven acres salt marsh, £42; five acres meadow called Bishop's Meadow, £5; 250 acres land, £360; five acres meadow called Bunker Meadow, £20; dwelling house, barn and cowhouse, £26; and 68 rods in Salem, £9. On 24 June 1673 administration on the estate of Jacob Barney was granted to Eliza[beth] the widow and Jacob the son. On 28 June 1673 the heirs entered into an agreement on the distribution of the estate; after provision for the widow, all the lands and housing were to go to Jacob Barney "the only son of Jacob Barney," except for the "small parcel in the town of Salem," which was to go to John Cromwell; "whereas Jacob Barne's sister died and left one son and three daughters, viz. John Grover, Hannah Grover, Sarah Grover and Abigall Grover, their said uncles Jacob Barne and John Cromwell" are to provide for them [ EPR 2:359-61].
BIRTH: About 1601 (deposed 18 April 1672 "aged about seventy-one years" [EQC 5:57]).
DEATH: Salem 28 April 1673, aged 72.
MARRIAGE: (1) By 1638 Anna _____ (and probably by 1632, as there is no evidence of an earlier wife); Anna Barney was admitted to Salem church in 1638, prior to 17 May [SChR 7]. (2) Elizabeth _____, his widow and administratrix of his estate; on 2 January 1676/7 "the widow Barny" received a tax abatement from the town of Salem [STR 2:216].
i JACOB, born say 1632; married (1) Salem 18 August 1657 Hana Johnson; married (2) Salem 26 April 1660 Anna Witt.
ii HANNAH, born say 1634; married John Cromwell of Salem; no issue. (The date of this marriage is unknown, and in a deposition of 18 April 1672 Jacob Barney Sr. described the pre-nuptial negotiations with Philip Cromwell and his wife [EQC 5:57]. Since the deposition referred to "George Corwin his former wife," the marriage must have taken place prior to 1669, when Corwin married his second wife.)
iii SARAH, born say 1636; married Salem 13 May 1656 John Grover.
iv JOHN, baptized Salem 15 December 1639 [SChR 17]; no further record, and not mentioned in settlement of father's estate.
COMMENTS: In his will of 13 April 1643 Edward Barney of Braddenham, Buckinghamshire, bequeathed £10 to his son Jacob Barney "if he be living at the time of my death and do come over into England and personally demand the same" [ Waters 1241]. Many writers on the Barney family have taken this as satisfactory evidence of the English origin of Jacob Barney of Salem [e.g., Stevens-Miller Anc 281-82], but the proof is inadequate in more than one respect. First, the will says only that Jacob Barney is not in England, and not that he is in Salem, or even New England. Second, the parish register of Bradenham exists from 1627, so there is at least the chance that the marriage of Jacob Barney, and the baptisms of a child or two, might be found there, but there is no evidence that anyone has ever searched. Furthermore, recent research in the parish register of Epping, Essex, has serendipitously turned up the following entries: Jacob Barney and Hanna Stace married 16 January 1626/7 An the daughter of Jacob Barney and Hanna his wife, baptized 5 January 1627/8 Jacob Barne the son of Jacob Barne and Anna his wife, baptized October 25, 1629.These three records are at least compatible with what we know of the Salem family, and provide a candidate at least as good as the Jacob Barney of Buckinghamshire. Further research in both Bradenham and Epping should be undertaken before any more positive position is taken on the origin of Jacob Barney of Salem. Pope combines a few records of the immigrant Jacob Barney with the marriage, children and will of his son of the same name. Several sources claim that either Jacob Barney Sr. or Jacob Barney Jr. was a leader in the formation of the early Baptist churches in New England, including the church at Swansea. The name Jacob Barney does not appear in the early records of any of these churches, and there is no evidence that Jacob Barney Sr. ever lived outside Salem, so the source of these claims is totally unknown. In 1639 and 1640 Jacob Barney was sued by and then sued Richard Ingersoll over some marsh land [EQC 1:13, 21]. In 1657 Jacob Barney bought from William Paine the farm which had been Richard Ingersoll's, adjacent to the land of Jacob Barney. In 1669 John and Nathaniel Ingersoll, sons of Richard Ingersoll, sued Jacob Barney, claiming that the sale was invalid and the land was rightfully theirs. In the course of this dispute several persons deposed on past events relating to this land and earlier arguments between Barney and Ingersoll [EQC 4:108-12, 144-45]. In 1647, when the General Court passed sentence on Dr. Robert Child and the others who had petitioned against the government of Massachusetts Bay, Jacob Barney was the only member of the General Court recorded as opposing the judgment and the sentence [MBCR 3:113]. On 29 June 1658 Jacob Barney was one of seven men petitioning the court to appoint Hilliard Veren as court clerk [EQC 2:102]. On 27 May 1671 the Salem selectmen ordered that a highway two rods wide be laid out through Jacob Barney Senior's land [STR 2:127]; further action was required by the selectmen to satisfy Barney for the land taken from him [STR 2:141, 156]. On 21 April 1673 and 27 December 1673 the selectmen inquired into land claimed by Jacob Barney which the town thought was still part of the common [STR 2:164, 180]; the first of these dates was just a week before his death. In the early years in New England men who were called repeatedly to serve in town, county or colony office were usually those who were not frequently before the courts as plaintiffs or defendants, or who were not otherwise controversial. Jacob Barney is a clear exception to this practice, for he served frequently at every level, and yet did many things which could not have endeared him to the community leaders, such as opposing Robert Child's sentence, refusing on more than one occasion to serve in office, or engaging in a decades-long dispute with the Ingersoll family. His talents were obviously of sufficient importance that other leading citizens were willing to overlook his antisocial activities.
The Great Migration Begins
found on ancestry.com

Jacob was born in Bradenham, Buckinghamshire, England circa 1600. Jacob died in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts before 28 April 1673; he was 73. Occupation: Yeoman, Merchant, And Farmer.

Jacob came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the ship "Lyon" during 1630. He may have been accompanied to the New World by his first wife Anne and for certain his son Jacob 2nd. He was survived by his second wife Elizabeth Catesby. Jacob was a merchant and planter (farmer), frequent deputy, and a man of local importance.

From The History of Salem, Massachusetts: vol. I (1626-1637), Broderbund Software, Inc, Banner Blue Division.
January 16, 1636-7, the town instructed Jacob Barney to go to Mr. Francis Johnson and notify him not to build at Brooksbee or any other place in the towns liberties without its consent.
From the "Genealogy of The Barney Family in America":
Jacob Barney was admitted a Freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony on May 14, 1634. He purchased land at Salem and at once took a prominent part in the affairs of the community. Of him Felt, the Salem historian, says "he was and intelligent merchant, often selectman and Deputy to the General Court. The loss of such men as Mr. Barney is not easily supplied." He was Representative in 1635, 1638, 1647 and 1653; and his name frequently appears on the public records. It is reported that he preached occasionally, and possibly had left England for religious reasons. In keeping with the spirit of the times he is termed "Yeoman", "Merchant", and "Farmer". According to his great-grandson, Daniel Barney (born 1697), Jacob "was a little less than six feet tall, with dark hair and eyes, fresh complexion, dignified in manner, a hearty well-wisher to all men."

In addition to being a selectman and member of the General Court at least five times (held in Boston and other places), he was a Deacon and at one time was appointed to see that everyone attended church: "At a general Towne meeting held the 7th day of the 5th month 1644. Ordered that two, (Jacob Barney and John Porter were a pair thus selected), be appointed every Lord's Day to walk forth in the time of Gods worship, to take notice of such is either lying about the meeting house without attending to the word or ordinances, or that lye at home or in the fields without giving good account thereof, and to take the names of such persons and to present them to the Magistrate whereby they may be accordingly proceeded against."

At a general town meeting 10th day, 9th month, 1668, Jacob Barney, Sr. was fined 50 shillings for refusing to serve in the place of a Constable, "being formerly legally chosen". His son Jacob, 2nd was chosen in his place and the fine was later remitted. William C. Barney notes in his research that beginning about this time, (1668) Jacob began to have trouble with the Salem Town council. At issue was non-payment to him for an access road cut through his property. This was not resolved until several years after his death.

28th, 4th month 1673. WHEREAS Jacob Barney of Salem, Ye only son of Ye said Jacob, with John Cromwell, son-in-law to Ye said deceased, presented and inventory of Yeestate of Ye aforesaid deceased, to the court now holden at Salem, desiring the said Court to settle Ye aforesaid estate but Ye Court finding differently about it, referred it to Ye next Court, granting only administration to Ye son and widow:

The said Court saith, viz: Jacob Barney, Elizabeth Barney, relict of Yeaforesaid Barney deceased, together with John Crowmwell his son-in-law, being desirous to put finish to the matter, have jointly agreed as followeth: 1) That the widow shall have one end of Ye dwelling house, wither at her own choice, for her use during her life. 2) That her son Jacob, (actually Jacob 2nd her stepson), shall give her sufficient fire wood at home at her house. 3) He shall furnish his said mother with sufficient winter meats or fodder for two cows one yeare and four sheep at corner, or also summer pasture for them, without any cost to her. 4) She shall have liberty of breeding one calf or two, and one lamb or two yearly, if she see cause so to do, always provided that for their winter meat she shall take care for that at her own cost. 5) Shee shall have her choice of five apple trees and one pear tree with the privilege of a garden plat, already fenced in. 6) That the above mentioned Jacob shall pay her three pounds and five shillings pr annum, in Indian corn and pork by equal portion. 7) It is further agreed that in case the said widow shall see cause to remove, the aforesaid Jacob Barney doe agree to pay her five pounds ten shillings per yeare, in such corn as groweth upon the land, and pork by equal portions, the one-half of the first pay within half a yeare after her removal, and the other half at the end of Ye yeare, all which payments to be made at the said Jacob Barney's house. 8) Its agreed that Jacob Barney shall have all the lands and meadows in the above mentioned inventory, with the house, to him and his heirs forever, except that small hill in Ye towne of Salem. 9) That John Cromwell shall have the land, it being in estimation 68 rods more or less, as expressed in the inventory, together with all the moveable goods and chatles, with one-half of the debts and thirty and three shillings in moneys, and what may or ought to be added to the inventory by the administrators, except his father in laws best suit of apparel and bible, with cloth to make another suit, which things excepted, Jacob Barney is to have, with seven bushels of corn and thirty-five shillings in moneys. 10) That whereas Jacob Barney stands engaged to pay for the widows cattle, and no provision made when she is to have them, John Cromwell doth engage to accommodate his said mother and two cows, four sheep and one horse, and two swine for her use, out of the present stock, always provided unless she shall return them to John Cromwell before her death, her heirs exctrs. administrators, shall stand bound to make them good after her death, to said Cromwell, his heirs or executors; but in case Ye widow shall tender Ye said stock at any time between May days and Micklmas, the said Cromwell shall not take them over where it shall be in his liberty; and whereas Jacob Barney is particularly engaged to make payments to his mother it is to be understood, that the said Jacob binds himself, heirs, Executrs, administrators, assignees, to the performance of the engagement, by paying her or her assignees at the time and place express and in the species mentioned; further, whereas Jacob Barney, his sister dyed and left one son and three daughters, to wit: John Grover, Hanah Grover, Sarah Grover, and Abigail Grover, their said brothers Jacob Barney and John Cromwell doe promise to pay to the children as followeth, to wit: Jacob doth promise to pay to John Grover five pounds at the age of 21 years, and to Hanah 15 pounds and to Abigail 15 pounds; and John Cromwell doth pay to the children: John Grover five pounds also, and to Sarah Grover 10 pounds when they come of age, and in confirmation of the aforementioned articles of agreement, and ever pt. (part) of it, the pties (parties) aforesaid have set their hands.

Jacob Barney
Elizabeth Barney (x) her mark
John Cromwell
John Grover
Subscribed to in the presence of
Hair Lultt
Tho. Ffiske
The inventory of Jacob Barney's estate is long and amounts to over 600 pounds, 3 shillings, 8 pennies.
Research: "The Genealogy of the Barney Family in America", by Eugene Dimon Preston and edited by William Clifford Barney, published by The Barney Family Historical Association, 7361 Silver Pine Drive, Springfield, VA 22153, 1990, Library of Congress #90-84321.
Jacob married Anne UNKNOWN.
They had one child:
1552 i. Jacob (ca1630-1693)
From Bradenham, Buckinghamshire, England by way of Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales on the ship "Lion" came Jacob Barney about the year 1634 to settle in the town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts. The son of Edward and Christian Barney of Bradenham, he came to America with his wife Elizabeth and his first born, Jacob Jr.

JACOB BARNEY, born 1601 Bradenham, County Bucks, England, died April 28, 1673 Salem, Essex, County, Massachusetts, married Elizabeth Catesby, born 1605, Bradenham, Buckshire, England. He became a freeman in Salem, May 4, 1634 and quite often is listed as a Selectman and Deputy to the General Court. It is said he sat on the first Grand Jury in this country.
found on ancestry.com

Jacob Barney served on first grand jury in America
from a family letter:
Jacob Barney married Elizabeth [should be Ann or Hannah] in England, came to Salem Massachusetts in 1634. [second wife Elizabeth married in Salem]
Jacob born in England 1601, died Salem Massachusetts 1673.
At a meeting of quarterly general court September 1, 1665, appeared the first grand jury of this country. Salem had four members, one of these was Jacob.
found on ancestry.com

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