In same town on Sunday morning, after a long illness which he bore with Christian fortitude, Lieut. REUBEN WEED, formerly from North Stanford, Conn. also in the 71st year of his age, a useful and repectable inhabitant.
Both of the above, took early, active, and zealous parts in the Revolutionary War, in favor of Liberty and Independence; and in which they both bore Military Commissions.
On the days proceeding their respective deaths, after appropriate and pathetic discouses deliverd on the occasions by Elder Elias Lee, their remains were follwed to the grave by a numerous assemblage of mourning relatives and friends.
'Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."
Found on Ancestry.com
Birth: December 13, 1740, Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut, USA
Death: June 21, 1810, Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York, USA
Died at Greenfield on Thursday the 21st inst. Increase Child in the 71st year of his age - He was a Revolutionary officer, and sustained through life, we believe, an irreproachable moral character. From the Saratoga Advertiser, 26 June 1810
Burial: North Milton Cemetery, North Milton, Saratoga County, New York, USA - Plot: 1-003
Found on findagrave.com
Capt. Increase Child -- 1740-1810 (70 Years Old)
Increase Child was born on December 13, 1740 in the village of East Woodstock, Woodstock Township, Windham County, Connecticut. Increase was the second of four children born to Lt. Ephraim Jr. and Mary Lyon Child. In his early childhood, he was raised in a log cabin on his father's farm, about one mile north of the center of East Woodstock. When Increase was just four years old, his mother experienced a postpartum illness that left her "partially deranged," thus leaving his father with the responsibility of raising the children without her help. Although a four-year old child would not have fully comprehended such an illness, it is clear that Increase would have experienced a major change and void in the interactions with his mother. In addition, the tragic death of his three-year old sister, when he was almost eight years old, would have also affected him, as he helped to raise her. There is no doubt that these tragedies plagued Increase his entire life and led to many decisions that altered the course of the Child bloodline forever. For his son, the Honorable Salmon Child, later wrote that "the change that took place...gave direction to the events that have taken place in my father's family from that time to the present day."
Increase was raised in a harsh environment, which bordered the hostile region of the dense wilderness frontier of Connecticut. At the time, the village of East Woodstock had been established for almost thirty years and was in a transitional stage between civilized and primitive living. The sawmills and gristmills of this region were finally producing a surplus, which allowed the building of "framed" houses to start replacing the standard log cabins.
The itinerant school system of Woodstock Township had been divided into four school districts, where the children of East Woodstock were part of the "North District." In the early 1700s, the location of the "North Schoolhouse" was on Woodstock Hill, which meant that children from East Woodstock had to trek six to eight miles round trip to school everyday. However, by 1743, a school had been established in East Woodstock, near Muddy Brook on the land of Capt. Benjamin Child IV, thus making the trek much shorter. Because the privations of the day demanded the help of all hands on the farm, school was only held during the winter months. When heavy storms arose, a boarding system was devised for children who were too small to trek through the deep snow. Hence, many children boarded with extended family and friends during the winter months of their preparatory years.
|North Schoolhouse of East Woodstock, Connecticut|
Established in 1743
|Former Fort Carillon (French) and |
Later Fort Ticonderoga (British), New York
|Key to the Continent|
1755 Map of Strategic Fort Locations, New York
|List of Child Family Names from Connecticut|
in French-Indian War
At this time period, Increase Child had just turned sixteen years old and finished his first year of teaching in East Woodstock. Although the early records reveal that he thoroughly enjoyed academics, Increase put his teaching on hold in order to fight in the war. What is even more perplexing is the fact that he was not drafted or assigned to a unit, bur rather volunteered to fight. Increase is listed on the Muster Roll of the Volunteer Company of his neighbor, Captain John Carpenter. After preparations were made, Increase's company marched over 220 miles to upstate New York the summer of 1757, where they arrived at Fort Edward on the Hudson River.
|Entrenchment Lines of Fort Carillon|
Increase Child fought in 1758
In response to the loss of Fort William Henry, the British raised over 14,000 men the following year, which joined the remaining 3,000 men at Fort Edward. The British campaign was led by General Abercromby, whose orders were to attack and seize Fort Carillon from the 4,200 French soldiers that held it. In July of 1758, the British moved up Lake George with an army of 17,000 soldiers, which consisted of 6,000 regulars and 11,000 provincials from six colonies. Upon arrival, the British discovered that the French had constructed outer defensive earthworks around Fort Carillon that were made up on felled trees that protruded from the dug trenches, with about 30 feet of brush and debris in the front. This entrenchment line is where the main battle took place at Fort Carillon, otherwise known as the Battle of Ticonderoga. At this juncture, General Abercromby made the poor command decision to attack the French entrenchment lines without artillery support. This decision would prove fatal for the British, because they never penetrated the defensive earthworks after six major assaults throughout the day. Thus, a battle where the British had four times as many men as the enemy, they lost more than 1,300 men that day, while only 300 were killed on the French side.
Shortly after the disastrous results at Ticonderoga, General Abercromby was replaced by General Amherst, also with a shake-up in the military units. This was the time period when Increase Child was moved from the 3rd Regiment into the elite fighting force of the Ranger corps. This transfer occurred following his uncommon valor and bravery that he showed forth as a 17-year old in the Battle of Ticonderoga, when his unit fought in the middle of the conflict. One journal entry of a fellow soldier stated that, "I have since been in many battles and skirmishes, but I have never witnessed such slaughter and such wild fighting as the British storm of Ticonderoga." There is no doubt that the Lord preserved Increase's life in the onslaught of this battle.
|1758 Map of Entrenchment Lines|
at Fort Carillon (Ticonderoga), New York
|Monument where Increase Child was ambushed|
with Putnam's Rangers
We learn from early journals that Increase Child " was in the severe and bloody battle in which Putnam was taken prisoner by the Indians and within a few paces of him when the action commenced, and received five balls through his clothes but in mercy escaped unhurt." There is no doubt that Divine Providence clearly shone upon Increase Child on his dark day, for more than fifty of his comrades lost their lives from being shot, tomahawked, and scalped. In addition, the five lead balls that should have taken the life of Increase Child only scathed his clothes. It is likely that the Lord intervened on Increase's behalf because he had yet to rear a family, thus producing the posterity that would take part in the marvelous work and wonder in the last days. Although the life of Increase Child was clearly spared, the price of this intervention would be ransomed at a later time. Only a few months later, a Child family member from Increase's unit would offer his life on the altar of patriotism, where soldiers "brought the melancholy news of Stephen Child being killed and scalped" on October 15, 1758.
|British Ruins of His Majesty's Crown Point, New York|
Build in 1759
The headquarters for the British were now at the south end of Lake Champlain, where they erected the largest fort ever built in colonial North America at Crown Point. Because the French had left a battalion of soldiers to defend the north end of the lake, which functioned as the passageway to the St. Lawrence River, rangers were sent out to assess their preparations for defense. Increase Child served as one of Rogers' Rangers, where they were involved in several skirmishes that included the Indian village of St. Francis, along with attempts to destroy French shipping in the north of Lake Champlain. By the autumn of 1759, the British had seized Quebec, and then waited for the following season to capture the last French stronghold at Montreal. While these British forces barely survived the winter in Quebec, the forces that included Increase Child waited out the winter in the south end of Lake Champlain at Fort Crown Point.
|Map of North America |
from Aftermath of the French-Indian War
After the provincial soldiers had made a considerable contribution in the French-Indian War that changed the map of colonial America, many of them returned to their homes in the autumn of 1760. However, it appears that Increase Child only returned home for a brief visit, because shortly thereafter, he left for the Township of Enfield, Connecticut, which was located about 30 miles west of East Woodstock. During the French-Indian War, Increase met a man named Mr. Moulton who helped supply the military units in long-distance trade between the colonies. Mr. Moulton convinced Increase to help him in his mercantile business, where he employed him as an assistant between 1760-1762. Because this business dealt in interregional trade, Increase was privileged to see much of colonial America by the age of twenty-one, where he "twice visited Nova Scotia at a time they were just commencing settlements in that place."
Sometime during his employment, Increase started courting his future wife Olive Pease, who was from the village of Somers (previously called East Enfield), within the Township of Enfield. Whether Increase's employer, Mr. Moulton, knew the Pease family or not is still unclear. The only connection that can be made is that they were both from the Township of Enfield. After a period of engagement, arrangements were made where the two families of the couple met in the newly constructed chapel in East Woodstock, and Increase and Olive Pease Child were married on November 3, 1762. It is likely that Olive convinced her new husband to quit his traveling job in the mercantile business and find work where they could be together. As a result, the newly wedded couple first settled in East Woodstock, where Increase taught school in the winter months and cultivated a farm the rest of the year. They built a simple home on his father's 269-acre estate, where Increase ran the east side of the farm, while his brother Asa ran the west side of the farm.
|Increase Child Home|
East Side of Father's Farm, East Woodstock, Connecticut
|Early Maps of the location of|
Amenia Township in Dutchess County, New York
|Valley where Increase Child taught school|
in Amenia Township, New York
The first condition was the postpartum illness that left his mother "partially deranged," which required the entire family to take care of her. Even during the seven years that Increase and his brother Asa split their father's farm, she lived "alternately at both places as she chose and being well taken care of and provided for at both." The help from Increase provided the needed break for his father Ephraim Jr., who "was greatly relived from that care and anxiety of mind that had worn upon him for years." There is no doubt that the affects of this burden were also felt by Increase's wife and children, for it is possible that he felt that this affliction would wear them down as well, just as they were getting their family started.
The second circumstance dealt specifically with Increase and Olive's children during this seven-year period in East Woodstock. It is interesting to note that Increase shared something in common with his 1st great grandfather Benjamin III and his 3rd great grandfather Benjamin I, in that his wife became pregnant soon after their wedding. Exactly nine months and ten days after the marriage of Increase and Olive, they gave birth to their first child named Harviland on August 13, 1763. Within two years, Olive gave birth to another child named Salmon, where Increase was now the proud father of two sons. However, in 1766, tragedy struck when their eldest son Harviland sadly passed away at the young age of three years old. The death of Increase's eldest son must have impacted him tremendously, yet the bereavement that he was so accustomed to from the French-Indian War could never had prepared him for this blow. By the following year, Olive gave birth to another child, but this time it was a daughter named Rockselana. Nonetheless, in 1768, tragedy struck again and their little girl died after living for only one year. Thus, within a two-year period, Increase and Olive Pease Child had tragically lost two of their three children, which surely influenced their decision to migrate elsewhere and start a new life.
Captain Increase and Olive Pease Child
|Map of Increase Child Migrations in New England|
When the news spread through the colonies about the fighting at Lexington in 1775, communities came together and created formal petitions that were signed for the "Cause of the Whigs." Those who did not sign the petitions were labeled "Tories" because they supported British interests in the struggle over independence. The vast majority of the inhabitants of Dutchess County were considered "Whigs" because they adamantly opposed British authority. Within the township of Amenia, the signature of Increase Child is found on a petition with 420 other Whigs. When the news spread throughout the colonies about the Battle of Bunker Hill in June of 1775, many schools were dismissed, including the school in Amenia where Master Increase Child taught.
|Regiments and Service of Increase Child|
in the Revolutionary War
Schools were dismissed because many of the Whigs came together to form militias for their communities, which were supported by legislators from Congress who enacted the "Militia Law" in July of 1775. This law required that "all able-bodied effective men between sixteen and fifty years of age, in each colony, might form themselves into regular companies of militia." As a result, each county was to establish a standing militia, where a quarter of their soldiers were to consist of "Minute Men" who had orders "to be ready on the shortest notice to march to anyplace where their assistance may be required for the defense of their own or a neighboring colony." Because Increase Child had four years of battle-hardened experience in the French-Indian War several years earlier, he was chosen as the Captain of the Minute Men Company of Amenia in the 6th Regiment of the Dutchess County Militia.
For the next few months, Captain Increase Child taught the elite soldiers of the Amenia Company how to be Minute Men, which required "that a more particular and diligent attention be paid to their instruction in military discipline." By October, the Minute Men of Captain Child's company were trained and ready to form with the other companies of Dutchess County into a regiment, where they carried out drills for the next few months. By January of 1776, the 6th Regiment of Dutchess County Militia was called to serve, where Captain Child marched with his company down the Hudson River to defend Long Island. For the next three months, Increase was stationed on the fortified lines of Brooklyn Heights across the bay from New York City, where his regiment was trained by the regulars of the Continental Army. The militia system during the Revolutionary War was similar to the one in place during the French-Indian War, with the exception that the "Regulars" were no longer Redcoats of the British Army, but rather were colonists who served full-time in the newly formed Continental Army.
|1776 Map of Long Island, New York|
where Captain Child was stationed
It was during these three months of militia service where Captain Increase Child was recruited to become a "Regular" and enlist in the Continental Army for the next year. Because the Minute Men of Increase's company were all trained by this point, he could feel good about leaving his men for a genuine tour of duty. As a result, Increase Child was commissioned as a Captain in the Continental Army on April 1, 1776, where he served in the 3rd New York Regiment under Colonel Lewis Dubois.
The first area where Captain Increase Child was stationed was at Fort Constitution, which was on island directly across from West Point on the Hudson River. This region is referred to as the Hudson Highlands because the river narrows through the bottleneck region of steep hills. The flow of river traffic was controlled through this tapered region during the Revolutionary War by extending two gigantic steel chains across the narrowest passes of the river. While the first chain was set up at the river entrance of the Highlands to the south, extending from Fort Montgomery to Anthony's Point, the second chain was raised upriver seven miles to the north, extending from Fort Constitution to West Point. The Americans extended these chains across the Hudson River, in hopes of preventing British shipping from sailing up the river to the inland stronghold of Albany. Because the land masses where these chains were linked needed to be reinforced, such as Constitution Island, Captain Increase Child spent the summer of 1776 "building barracks and fortifying the place."
|Left: West Point|
Right: Fort Constitution where Captain Child served
Within Captain Child's company, two boys served as waiters for the officers, which included Increase's eldest son Salmon, who was only eleven years old at the time. These boys were put in precarious situations because so many soldiers had left during the winter, whereby "there were barely men enough to guard these places." The journal of Salmon Child described the circumstances by stating that "we were armed and had become tolerable good marksmen and might be of service in many respects in case of an action with the enemy...Here for the first time, being only eleven years old, I had to take my turn on guard, a thing not common for officers' servants, although of mature age." Although Increase's son was required to help guard the fort at times, they were not attacked that winter or spring, due to the fact that there were no southerly winds that were favorable for the British. The attack on the Hudson Highlands did not occur until the autumn of 1777, about six months after Captain Child had been honorably discharged from his post in Fort Montgomery-Clinton. Hence, Increase was spared from battle once again, where Long Island was conquered five months after he left, and the Hudson Highlands region was subjugated six months after his departure.
By the first of April 1777, Captain Child's one-year enlistment in the Continental Army had expired. Around this same time, the enlistment period for full-time soldiers had changed from one year to three years. While the majority of soldiers in Captain Child's company reenlisted for three years, Increase was not able to reenlist because of the extenuating circumstances of his family back home, thus requiring him to return as soon as possible. Increase was needed at home in Dutchess County to move his family to the village of Canaan, Connecticut, which was about twenty-one miles northeast of the village of Amenia. Because the conditions of the Revolutionary War had put Increase's family in a financial dilemma, his wife Olive turned to her family for help, in which "she was very anxious to have Increase move to Canaan, where her brothers resided." Thus, Increase was not able to continue serving in the continental Army because of three key reasons that put him in a complicated predicament.
The first factor was the economic cost that was involved to serve as an officer in the Militia or Continental Army. Because the government never provided the majority of supplies or money that were needed to maintain the war, the officers usually covered the particular expenses of the soldiers in their own companies. Increase's son described this situation by stating that, "he would gladly have continued but the Continental money had so decreased in value that he could not any longer support his family and was already several hundred dollars in debt without the means of paying a cent." This debt was never reimbursed by the government, and Increase "never received a cent's compensation."
where Captain Increase Child was stationed
The second fact was his decision to become a full-time schoolteacher. When he moved to Amenia, he did not own or maintain a farm, due to the fact that the majority of his time was spent in study and teaching. Although his career choice supported his family comfortably for many years, he "had little laid up for a future day." In addition, because the majority of schools were shut down during the war, Increase "could no longer support his family by his education and was under the necessity of finding some place where he could obtain a farm." The fact that Increase had no teenage children in the home also contributed to this dilemma, where many sufficiently aged officers had their children maintain their estates in their absence.
The third factor was the unexpected death of Increase's father, Ephraim Child Jr., in the autumn of 1775, who he had yet to officially grant his 269-acre estate to either of his sons. Because there was so much chaos and movement in the commencement of the war, it is highly possible that Increase did not even know about his father's death until a few years later. After Increase had moved his family next to his in-laws in Canaan around the end of April of 1777, he set out for Woodstock to seek financial assistance from his family. The journal of his son Salmon reveals that Increase "returned with an old horse, a good three-year old colt, a pair of steers, and some Continental money. Putting them all together he was able to procure what would now be called an ordinary span of horses, wagon, and harness. This was all he ever received of his father's estate."
In this financial predicament, Increase was forced to resign from the Continental Army to buy a farm because he could not sustain his family from the devalued currency and incurred war debts. Furthermore, Increase could not use his education to provide for his family, due to the lack of schools to teach in; nor could he turn to his extended family to support his wife and children due to no inheritance. The variables of these three factors clearly produced an equation that altered the Child bloodline forever, as Increase set out on his own never to see the Child family again in Woodstock, Connecticut.
Soon after Increase had established a farm for his family's sustenance in Canaan, news broke about the British progress of General Burgoyne's advance down the Champlain valley into the Hudson River valley. There is no doubt that this alarm rekindled the revolutionary fire within Increase, due to the fact that the British advancement was occurring in the "key to the continent" region in upstate New York. Increase Child was well acquainted with this region after fighting several years in the French-Indian War. However, because Increase's new hometown of Canaan consisted primarily of Tories, "there had been no regular company of militia formed at that time in the town that could be depended on, the disaffected were so numerous." As a result, Increase acted upon his own beliefs and showed forth his leadership skills by rallying the few Whigs in the community to respond to the alarm.
In the middle of August of 1777, the newly elected Captain Child led a volunteer company northward, in response to the British advancement. While the main body of Northern Continental Army was fighting along the Hudson River, General Stark led an American brigade to Bennington, Vermont to stop the advancement of the British flank. Because Increase Child had served with General Stark in the French-Indian War as one of Rogers' Rangers, he decided to respond to his call. As a result, Captain Child's company arrived at the end of the Battle of Bennington, just in time to help General Stark's army defeat the British on August 16, 1777. For the next month, Increase and his company helped the Americans "take care of the wounded and prisoners."
|Battle of Bennington where Captain Child|
responded with Volunteer Company
|Fort Neilson where Captain Child|
was stationed during Battle of Saratoga
|Second Battle of Saratoga at Bemis Heights|
where Captain Child fought
|Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga|
where Captain Child fought
|Map of North America from|
the Aftermath of the Revolutionary War
The American victory at the Battle of Saratoga was the turning point in the Revolutionary War. Before this point, the Americans had yet to prove that they could beat the British "Regulars" in open battle with an equal number of soldiers. It is evident that the outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was the key ingredient that persuaded France to join the American side a few months later. For there is no doubt that if France had not come to their aid, there would have never been an American victory at Yorktown, nor for that matter, a triumph in the Revolutionary War. This is why historians rank the Battle of Saratoga in the top fifteen battles of all time, which are based on the affects of their outcome in history. One of these outcomes was the drastic change in North America after the treaty was signed in 1783, thus providing the colonies with the freedom of religion in the United States. It is amazing and marvelous to realize that Captain Increase Child not only fought valiantly for the cause of independence, but also was directly involved in the center of the fighting of the most pivotal battle that has ever taken place for the restoration of the gospel in the American continent in these latter days.
|Farm of Captain Child near the Battle of Saratoga|
at Bemis Heights
|Increase Child Farm|
near the Village of Bemis Heights, Stillwater, New York
|Increase Child Farm|
near the Village of Bemis Heights, Stillwater, New York
|Home of Increase Child|
Afterwards his son Salmon in Greenfield, New York
|Farm of Increase Child|
Afterwards by son Salmon in Greenfield, New York
|Child Printing Press|
Top Floor of Colonial Inn-Store, Ballston, New York
|Child Printing Press|
Top Floor of Colonial Inn-Store, Ballston, New York
|First Paper and Book Published in Saratoga County|
by Child Printing Press
|1866 Map of Ballston|
showing location of Child's Printing Press
After Increase finished helping Asa get established in his career, in 1806 he returned back to his original homestead in Greenfield, New York, where he lived with his eldest son Salmon for the next four years. At this point in time, the household of Salmon Child may have been a little confusing, for there were now three Olives living under one roof: Increase's wife, Salmon's wife, and Salmon's daughter. During this period, Increase attended the Baptist church with Salmon, who was one of the major contributors and founders of this congregation in North Milton.
|Baptist Society established 1801|
Old Stone Church, North Milton, New York
|Tombstones at Boyce or North Milton Cemetery|
Saratoga County, New York
In conclusion, Captain Increase Child was one of the most intelligent, courageous, and patriotic members of the Child family to ever walk the face of this earth. Although his descendants described him as a "lusty, burly youth, of mercurial temperament and an adventurous disposition," he also had a gentle and benevolent nature about him, where he was described as a "kind and affectionate father." From an early stage in his life, Increase learned to deal with burdensome trials, which developed the tempered qualities and characteristics that the Lord had him use throughout his life to meet the difficult challenges that he encountered. As a soldier, Increase risked his life many times in both the French-Indian and Revolutionary Wars for his beliefs that were always in the name of patriotism. He also sacrificed material wealth and all his possessions for these beliefs, in order that religious freedom could ring throughout the land, which in turn, ushered in the great restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Because Increase sacrificed all that he had and bore these trials patiently, the Lord preserved his life many times and blessed him exceedingly with many gifts and talents that were later used to bless the lives around him. In particular was his intellect, where his children were extremely blessed to learn from him. One of the greatest tributes that can be said about Increase Child is reflected through the exemplary lives of his children. The ministers who knew them best have referred to them as some of "the most conscientious and consistent Christians I ever knew." His children were all prominent citizens in their communities, where two served as judges and state legislators, two were prolific printers with their own presses and papers, one served as a medical doctor in the War of 1812, and another started several Christian churches. Nevertheless, the greatest tribute that can be said about Captain Increase Child is from his eldest son Salmon, who knew him best: "Increase was always a peacemaker wherever he lived or in whatever employment he was engaged. If they wanted arbitrators or referees in the vicinity where he resided, he seldom ever failed of being one of them. Many and many are the instances that I have known of his being called upon for advice where neighbors had fallen out with each other. He always gave his opinion candidly, whether favorable or unfavorable to their inclination or interests...He always sustained the character of an honest, upright person, although poor. I think there are but few persons in common circles of life and especially those who were considered poor that ever rendered more services or essential good to society and the general welfare of their county."
Life of Increase Child
Increase Child was the second child of Ephraim Child Jr. and Mary Lyon Child. He was born in Woodstock, Connecticut, 13 December 1740. Increase received his name of Increase from a surname of his grandmother on the maternal line, Increase.
Increase married Olive Pease of Somers, Connecticut, on 3 November 1762. Olive was born 10 March 1738 in Somers, Connecticut, and died in Greenfield, Saratoga, New York, on 5 July 1822. Increase died on 10 June 1810 in Greenfield, Saratoga, New York, and is buried there.
At the age of sixteen Increase volunteered for the French and Indian Wars where he served for seven years. Increase served under Captain Putnam for a year, fighting in the battles of Crown Point and Ticonderoga. Captain Putnam was captured by the Indians but Increase assisted in his release and escape. In the year of 1757 Increase served in Captain Carpenter's Company from Woodstock, Connecticut. Josiah Child was Lieutenant. In the campaign of 1758 Increase was seventeen years old serving with the sixth company under Captain Holmes. The Third Regiment of Connecticut Troops was commanded by Eleazer Fitch and Increase was listed sick in the hospital. In the Campaign of 1759 Increase was eighteen serving in the Seventh Company under Captain David Holmes. Jonathan Child was the 2nd Lieutenant. A Muster Roll of Captain David Holmes Company in the Fourth Regiment of Connecticut Troops by Eleazer Fitch. Increase served the full seven years of the war, being on call to fight the Indians whenever an uprising occurred.
At the close of the war, Increase returned to his home in Woodstock, Connecticut, where he fell in love with Olive Pease and the couple were married on 3 November 1762. The couple lived happily in Woodstock where their first four children were born. Harviland, Salmon, Rockselana (Roxalana) and Roxalana were all born in Woodstock. Harviland and Rockselane died young, being buried in Woodstock, Connecticut.
In 1771 Increase moved his family to Oblong, near the town of Amenia, Dutchess, New York. Mark Anthony Child, my direct line ancestor was born soon after their arrival in New York on 10 May 1771 in Oblong. Increase taught school in Oblong, Dutchess County, New York. Oblong derived its name from a point of land adjacent to the Hudson River, being oblong in shape. The nearest town was Amenia, sometimes spelled Armenia. As a school teacher Increase helped many children to become educated. When the Revolutionary War broke out in 1775 Increase first enlisted as a Private out of the Albany District. His family remained in Oblong while Increase went off to war. Judge Salmon Child, eldest living son of Increase Child mentions in his history of his father that the family moved to Oblong when he was about 6 years of age or 1771.
The History of Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut, says that all the children were born in Woodstock, Connecticut. The Child Genealogy Book by Elias Child has all the children born in Woodstock under Increase Child. It mentions that Mark A. Child was born in Stillwater, New York and Olive born in Oblong in the next generation with the remainder of the children born in Woodstock. Increase never went to Stillwater until 1778 in the war. I do believe that the above two references are incorrect, having all the children born in Connecticut. Judge Salmon Child in his history of Increase Child mentions that the whole family moved to Oblong, Dutchess County, New York, when he was about 6 years old or 1771. The V. A. letter verifies this move to Armenia, Dutchess, New York, in 1771. Armenia was the town nearest to Oblong, since Oblong officially wasn't incorporated into a town at that time. The V. A. letter also states that Increase entered the service from the State of New York, being a resident of Armenia in 1775, entered as a private, returned home (Armenia) (now spelled Amenia) called into New York City on 1 April 1776 to receive a Captain's Commission, returned home in June of 1776 to bring his son Salmon to Constitution Island to serve as a waiter until April of 1777. In 1777 Salmon Child moved to New Canaan, Saratoga, New York, and about 1 April 1778 moved with his father to Stillwater, New York, serving in the war assisting his father. Salmon Child enlisted in the spring of 1781, served as a private in Captain Kotham Dunham's Company, Colonel Willett's Regiment. Salmon served as a waiter to Dr. Delano, a surgeon for nine months. Salmon served on various troop alarms from 1781 to 1783, amounting to two months service. (V.A. Letter dated 20 November 1939).
From the history of Salmon Child: "My father bargained for a piece of land in Stillwater at the close of the war for his military pay. Increase and Salmon put in the crops and then they went for the family and moved to Stillwater, Saratoga County, New York in 1783, or the close of the Revolutionary War as stated."
From all of the above evidence the first four children were born in Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut. The last five children were born in Oblong, Dutchess County, New York. Therefore, Mark A. Child, born May 10, 1771; Ephraim born May 10, 1773; and Olive born 11 March 1775; William born January 4, 1777, and Asa born 21 May 1780 were all born In Oblong or Amenia, Dutchess, New York.
Increase was a master surveyor laying out the towns and villages of Stillwater, Saratoga Springs and Balston Spring. He also laid out many farms and boundaries in the County of Saratoga.
Increase and his family were very religious and attended Church. Increase had been a member of the Standing Order of the Congregationalist in Woodstock, being very strict Sabbath day observers. Many of Increase's children joined the Baptist movement --Salmon, Olive, William and Asa. William and Asa printed Baptist literature and books. Mark Anthony Child established his own Church, the First Universal Church of Greenfield. He believed in the Bible as printed.
1. History of Woodstock, Windham County, Connecticut pp 505-506.
2. Gen. of Child, Childs and Childe of America, pp 79-87, also above ref.
3. Muster Rolls of Conn. Troops--French and Indian Wars.
4, Ibid pp 515-516.
5. Ibid pp 79-87.
6. Ibid pp 79-87.
History of Saratoga, New York, pp 128-130.
found on childgenealogy.org
Increase Child (1740-1810) served as captain in the New York forces under Generals Schuyler and Gates. He was born in Woodstock, died in Greenfield, New York.
Daughters of the American Revolution, page 130
Increase Child (1740-1810), who had served in the early wars, commanded a company under Schuyler and joined Gates at Stillwater. He was born in Woodstock, Connecticut, died in Greenfield, New York. Daughters of the American Revolution, page 78
Increase Child (1740-1810) commanded a company of volunteers, 1776, at Fort Montgomery and later served under Generals Schuyler and Gates at Stillwater. He was born and died in Woodstock, Connecticut. Daughters of the American Revolution, page 308
Increase Child (1740-1810), commanded a company under Schuyler and joined Gates' army at Stillwater. He took with him his son Salmon, as a waiter. He was born in Woodstock, Connecticut; died in Greenfield, New York. Daughters of the American Revolution, page 232
Captain Increase Child served an an officer in Colonel DuBois' New York Regiment from 1776 to the end of the war. Eleven year-old Salmon served initially as a "waiter" to his father.
Child. Increase, Solomon's, 1; (Capt.)
“Genealogy of the Child, Childs and Childe Families,” page 79
INCREASE CHILD, second child of Ephraim and Mary Lyon Child, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, 13 December 1740, married Olive Pease of Somers, Connecticut, 3 November 1762. She was born 10 March 1738, died 6 July 1822, in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York. He died 10 June 1810, in the same town.
They had nine children.
From papers furnished by one of the descendants of Increase Child, we obtain items of his history which reveal a somewhat eventful life, showing manliness, patriotism, and personal virtues.
Captain Increase, as he comes to our notice, is a lusty, burly youth, of a mercurial temperament, of an adventurous disposition, not content with the monotony of a home devoid of excitements, bent upon knowing and seeing what was going on in the world. At scarcely sixteen years of age, when Israel Putnam was commissioned by the Connecticut colony as captain, in 1755, in the French war, young Increase, in response to the call for volunteers, was among the first to be enrolled, and served through the seven years' campaign of this war. He fought in the battles at Crown Point and Ticonderoga. At the time of Putnam's capture, in 1756, young Child was marching near him. The Indians seized Putnam and bound him to a tree, where he was exposed to the fire of both friends and foes. How Putnam was extricated from his position, our informant does not tell. But he lived, as we know, to fight the battles of the Revolution.
Returning to the old homestead at the close of this war, he tarried but a short time, when he left and went to Dutchess county, New York, and engaged in school teaching in a place called "Oblong," deriving its name probably from its peculiar shape, as a point of land adjacent to the Hudson river. After spending a few years in teaching, he returned to Woodstock, Connecticut, and married Miss Pease of Somers. He made Woodstock, Connecticut, his home for a number of years, rearing some of his children, if not all in this town, when the attractions of the then west brought him back to the borders of the Hudson river. Taking his eldest son (Salmon Child), then a lad, on horseback behind him, he went to Dutchess county, New York, provided a home, and
brought over his family, and settled there.
When the Revolutionary war broke out, he enlisted under General Schuyler, as captain. Under Generals Schuyler and Gates he served through the war and obtained an honorable discharge. In this campaign his son (Salmon) acted at first as a waiter for his father, being too young at the commencement of the war to be taken as a soldier, but before its close his name was enrolled on the list of volunteers.
The excitements and hardships of war during an eight years' service were not sufficient to break the force of will and purpose in Captain Increase Child. The northern section of the State of New York, through which the army of Schuyler and Gates had been led, presented such attractions to Captain Child that he resolved to make it his future home. His settlement was in Milton, Saratoga county, New York, where he became a permanent and useful citizen. The early opportunities of Captain Increase Child for a substantial education, that should qualify him for practical life, had been well improved. He was an excellent penman, and a competent surveyor and conveyancer, and a man of excellent general business capacity. The inherent force of character evinced by Increase Child in budding youth did not expend itself in riper years: nor did it expire at his death and leave no traces in the long line of descendants of this remarkable man. As we trace the history of this branch of the family name, there lies along the entire line, at not very wide intervals, the most robust and sturdy qualities of mental and physical manliness and moral worth. The children of Captain Increase Child were among the best and most enlightened citizens of their day. Nor have succeeding generations exhibited less noble, manly, patriotic and intelligent characteristics.
i. HAVILAN CHILD, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, August 13, 1703, died August 19, 1766.
ii. SALMON CHILD, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, September 19, 1765, married January 7, 1787, Olive Rose. Salmon's father, Captain Increase Child, served as an officer in Colonel DuBois' New York Regiment from 1776 to the end of the war. Eleven-year-old Salmon served initially
as a "waiter" to his father. In 1781, at the age of 16, Salmon enlisted as a private in Captain Holtham Dunham's Company of Colonel Marius Willett's New York Regiment. From August 1781 to April 1782 Child served as a "waiter" to Dr. Calvin Delano, a surgeon. Besides his duties as a "waiter," Child was able to go on several "alarms" against the British. After the war Salmon Child and his wife, Olive Rose, moved to Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York where he served as First Judge of the County Court for a number of years. In 1848 he moved to Walworth County, Wisconsin with his son William. Salmon died January 28, 1856, and is buried in the Honey Creek Cemetery, Section 6, Town of Rochester, Racine County, Wisconsin-Lot 30, Block 5. A stone upright headstone marks the grave. Attached to the headstone is a DAR plaque. A bronze government marker is also located at the site.
iii. ROXALANA CHILD, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, June 17, 1767, died young.
iv. ROXALANA CHILD, 2d, born in Woodstock, Connecticut. May 3. 1760, married Robert Ackerman, died at Pillar Point, New York.
v. MARK ANTHONY CHILD, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, May 10, 1771; died February 1843, Greenfield, Saratoga, New York; married December 8. 1793, Hannah Benedict, married 2d 1819, Submit Peacock. Mark was the third son and fifth child of Captain Increase Child and Olive Pease. As a polygamist, Mark married his second wife (that is, after Hannah Benedict), Submit Peacock, and had five children with her besides the twelve he had with Hannah. He is described as having been a tall, thin-faced man that wore a moustache and had dark brown hair. He was devoutly religious and in 1797, he moved the family to Milton, Saratoga, New York.
vi. EPHRAIM CHILD, born May 10, 1773, married January 1, 1796, Mary Woodworth.
vii. OLIVE CHILD, born March 11, 1775, married 1798, Alfred Bosworth.
viii. WILLIAM CHILD, born January 4, 1777. married February 5, 1820, Polly Weed.
ix. ASA CHILD, born May 21. 1780, married 1806, Lois Foote.
New York Freemasons in the Revolutionary War
Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the State of New York 1900, pages 294-316
http://books.google.com/books?id=QoBLAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:LCCN06007447&lr=#PPA301,M1 Compiled by R.’.W.’. Gary L. Heinmiller
Director, Onondaga & Oswego Masonic Districts Historical Societies (OMHDS)
Revised March/April 2009
REPORT, page 33
Captain Child, Increase
Born on December 13, 1740 to Lt. Ephraim Child, Jr. and Mary Lyon Child. Served as a soldier in the French and English War from 1756 to 1758. Married Olive Pease with whom he had six children, the youngest, Ephraim, born on March 17, 773. Served as a Captain in the American Revolutionary War in 1776. Died June 21, 1810 and was buried in Greenfield, New York.
Increase Child - born 12-1301740 Connecticut - died 6-10-1810 New York
married (1) Olive Pease - Captain New York
DAR Patriot Index, Volume 1, page 507
History of Increase Child
When the Revolutionary war broke out, he enlisted under General Schuyler, as captain. Under Generals Schuyler and Gates he served through the war and obtained an honorable discharge. In this compaign his son (Salmon) acted at first as a waiter for his father, being too young at the commencement of the the war to be taken as a soldier, but before its close his name was enrolled on the list of volunteers. The excitements and hardships of war during an eight years' service were not sufficient to break the force of will and purpose in Captain Increase Child. The northern section of the state of New York through which the army of Schuyler and Gates had been led, presented such attraction to Captain Child that he resolved to make it his future home. His settlement was in Milton, Saratoga county, N. Y., where he became a permanent and useful citizen. The early opportunities of Captain Increase Child for a substantial education, that should qualify him for practical life, had been well improved. He was an excellent penman, and competent surveyor and conveyancer, and a man of excellent general business capacity. The inherent force of character evinced by Increase Child in budding youth did not expend itself in riper years; not did it expire at his death and leave no traces in the long line of descendents of this remarkable man. As we trace the history of this branch of the family name.
Excerps from; Genealogy of the Child, Childs and Childe Families, of the Past and Present in the United States and the Canadas, from 1630 to 1881, Volume 1 By Elias Child 1946
EPHRAIM CHILD 1711-1775
Grandfather Child (Ephraim) bore the reputation of an honest, industrious and pious man. From my recollection of him I have always supposed him to be one of the most sedate, careful and affectionate of men. He owned a good farm of 200 acres all enclosed with a good stonewall fence; it was bounded on the east, south and west by highways. On the east and west sides of the farm there were comfortable farm buildings with good orchards.
Having but two sons and one daughter and she well settled, he no doubt, from the information I have received, flattered himself that his children would continue near him the little time he had to remain, and his two sons in grateful remembrance of the toils he had endured in habitation, would gladly bear with the infirmities of his age and his spirits when the fading leaf and trembling limbs of Autumn were daily admonishing him that the winter of death was fast approaching. But Alas [the pious Godly man in whose prayers I trust we all have--and myself in particular--been benefited was a man of sorrow and acquainted with grief.
My grandmother who was from a very respectable family of the name of Lyon, in a long fit of sickness that followed the birth of her youngest child, though finally restored to health of body, was ever after partially deranged so far that though she outlived her companion was no longer an helpmate, not being capable of taking charge of the family but frequently needing the oversight of others -- not malicious or perverse but more inclined to be mischievous or sportive. This stroke of Divine Providence not only deprived him of an excellent housekeeper but those social conferences that the events of almost every day existed in which the mutual interest of the whole family are concerned and which would frequently be perplexing to either of the heads of a family were they left alone, one to whom they could unbosom the conflicting struggles of the soul. This trial of our venerable ancestor had been long patiently endured and in some measure mitigated.
My father (Increase) was now settled on the east side of the farm or East Farm as was then contemplated, and his brother (Asa) married and took charge of the West Farm, where grandfather had always resided and grandmother living alternately at both places as she chose and being well taken care of and provided for at both, he was greatly relieved from that care and anxiety of mind that had worn upon him for years and afforded him leisure to visit a numerous circle of friends and relatives and be with his three children when he pleased, but this repose was of short duration. The change that took place in his family was a source of mental suffering as long as he lived, and gave direction to the events that have taken place in my father's family from that time to the present day are not communicated to you out of a disrespect to my kind and affectionate father; though in some instances they may have produced hardship yet in the end proved beneficial and led me to reflect more closely and understand the word of God more perfectly in the way that His word has directed us to walk and the duties He requires of us in every stage of life from childhood to the grave. And as they through the blessing of God have been useful to me, I humbly hope will at least do you no injury.
by Judge Salmon Child
found on childgenealogy.org