SARAH BEBBINGTON EDGELEY (PARKER) 1835-1899 (Crossed as Sarah Bebbington with other Bebbington relatives)
Robert L. Campbell Company (1854)
Departure: 18 July 1854
Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Source of Trail Excerpt:
Graehl, Charlotte, "All in a Lifetime: Journal of Charlotte Leuba Grael," 9-11.
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It was during the month of July that our pilgrimage across the planes was to begin. We found out when we were ready to start that we lacked many things and it would be difficult to procure them at that time, so my husband [George Louis Graehl] suggested that we remain there until we could obtain them. Some persons had discouraged him from leaving under such conditions, so one afternoon after he had coaxed me to remain there for the present and come later on, to which objected, he took his gun and trunk with him and bid me goodbye and started back to the village. The reason for my refusing to remain was on account of their being so many apostates in that vicinity. I felt I had not left my native land and comfortable home to cross the ocean and remain outside of Utah away from the main body of the church. That afternoon was a sad day for me for I did not know how I could travel along with my children. Some of the sisters came and comforted me, promising that I would certainly be helped, but my husband returned in the evening having met some brethren who promised to procure the needed articles for him. We resumed our journey, leaving our dear little girl behind in an unmarked grave.
We had been traveling but a few days—I was sitting in the wagon with my little ones when all of a sudden our animals stampeded, Our team consisted of two yoke of oxen and one mare on lead. Anyway they all ran at a fearful speed through the open rugged Prairie—through grass that was about five feet tall. One oxen while running come close to another team causing them to stampede also. They ran zig-zag through the grass and over rocks and boulders. Sometimes the wagons would collide and it appeared for a time as though a general smash-up was inevitable, but they finally came to a halt. During this adventure one yoke of cattle belonging to the other outfit broke loose from the wagon and were never found again owing to the dense vegetation. After having such a scare, we were glad to walk to camp, but it was a very tedious task for me for I was obliged to carry my little girl in one arm and baby [George] in the other. It was also very difficult to find my way through the high grass. There were also snakes among the grass which frightened me very much. It was long past dinner time before we found our way back to camp, but the saints came to welcome us and gave us our dinner.
On the following day I could not persuade the children to ride in the wagon and it was a long time before they were induced to do so. For many days I helped my husband drive the oxen, holding a baby in one arm and another crying and clinging to me as we drove along. In that way I spent the long summer days for months at a time, and I can assure you it was very tiresome and we were often entirely worn out when we arrived in to camp at night. Sometimes the children rode alone in the wagon while I assisted my husband drive the outfit. Little Georgie wanted his dear mama so badly and was always crawling to the front of the wagon in order to see her, we had to tie him in the front of the wagon to prevent him from falling out and probably killing himself. We had many adventures while crossing the plains, enough to fill a volume if I would write them. My husband had not felt well since we had left the old world—had become worse and was obliged to remain in bed in the wagon so I was obliged to the oxen all alone. Some of the sisters often helped me so I got along fairly well, but we had a kind of yoke for our oxen that wasn't very strong. It was tied with buck skin strings that would wear out and break apart quite often which caused me much trouble. Once, for instance, just at dusk, we were a little ways behind the company when our yoke broke and our oxen ran away to camp about two miles distant. We were obliged to remain there all alone at the mercy of prowling bears, too, and savages until our oxen were observed by chance by a member of the company as they came in to camp, when parties were sent out to our rescue. I could not light a fire because I had no matches in my possession, so I sat on the front seat of the wagon holding an ax in my hand ready to defend myself and family against any intruders, and thus I waited until eleven o'clock P.M. when some of the brethren came for us. We made a big fire to frighten the wolves which had already gathered around us, and took turns sitting up to keep guard until morning.
On another occasion there was a river to cross—it was just beginning to get dark and our outfit was the last of the company. There was no one to help us as the Captain was absent. The last team was crossing. "What are you going to do?" asked my dear husband from his bed in the rear of the wagon. "I am going to drive right over[.] the the Lord will help us", I answered—and I did and crossed over in safety. At camp that evening the Captain inquired who had assisted sister Graehl across the river but no one had even thought of or assisted me which surprised the Captain very much.
The last night but one before we entered Salt Lake Valley it had been snowing and it became dark before we encamped for the night. I could find no wood with which to make a fire, so could bake no bread. We retired that night without supper.
The following morning we mixed flour with sugar and ate it dry.
We arrived in Salt Lake City two days later, October 31, 1854. It was with a sad heart that I parted with many of my traveling companions who had been so kind and obliging to me during that long and troublesome journey.
Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Source of Trail Excerpt:
Graehl, Louise, Reminiscences. (Trail excerpt transcribed from "Pioneer History Collection" available at Pioneer Memorial Museum [Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum], Salt Lake City, Utah. Some restrictions apply.)
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It was in the beginning of July that our tiresome journey across the plains was begun. We found out when we were ready to start that we lacked many things that would be needed on the road and that it would be difficult to procure them. Father had met some people that had discouraged him and one fine afternoon taking his trunk and his gun, he started for the village, where he had not been able to coax me to remain for I was afraid of the country, for there were so many apostates around, and I had not left my beautiful country to make my home anywhere outside of Zion.
That afternoon was a sad one for me, for I felt bad for my husband [George Louis Graehl] and didn't know how I could manage to travel alone with my children. The sisters came and comforted me promising that I would certainly be helped. But in the evening my husband came back having met a good brother who promised him that he would procure the desired articles, and so we resumed our journey.
We had been traveling a few days, I was in the wagon with my three little ones [George Louis, Marie Adeline, Fanny] when all at once we had a stampede. Our team composed of two yokes of oxen and another one, started running in the grass that at that place was about five feet high. Sometimes the wagons came near wrecking each other, then again the gay animals ran in different directions not seeming to feel any trouble at pulling their heavy loads. At last they were stopped, our companion losing one yoke of oxen that could not be found again. After such a scare we were glad to walk to camp, but it was not so easy for me for I had to carry my little girl in one arm and baby in the other and to find my way through the high grass I was very much afraid that I would trample on a rattle snake. Well, we arrived in camp at last; it was past dinner time. The good sisters came to welcome us and give us some dinner. But the next day and for quite a long time I could not persuade the children to ride in the wagon and as for myself I had to help father drive and I tell you it was a pretty hard job to help driving through a long summer day with a baby in my arms and another at my side crying to be carried too, but after a time we had no more runaways and the children rode in the wagon for I still had to help to drive and as little George wanted his mamma so bad and was always creeping to the front of the wagon trying to come to her, we had to tie him to the wagon so he would not fall out and kill himself and I think to this day he feels bad about it.
Well, we had many adventures in crossing the plains; they would fill a volume if we could write them all, but as the time is short I will only write about a few. My husband had not been well since we left the old country, and now he became worse and had to keep his bed in the wagon so I had to drive. That was alright for some of the sisters helped to drive sometimes but what made it hard for me was that we had a kind of yoke for oxen that were not strong enough. They were tied with buckstring [buckskin] strings that would wear out and break at any time causing me much trouble. Once, for instance, it was dusk we were a little behind the company when our yoke broke and our oxen ran away to camp about two miles off. There we were right in the road, obliged to stay alone until some good brother by chance meeting our oxen, had the kindness to come to our rescue. I could not light a fire for I had no materials so I sat on the front seat holding my axe in my hands ready to try to defend myself and dear ones from the wolves who were howling around, or possibly the indians. So I waited until midnight when some brothers came for us. They made a big fire to scare the wolves away and we slept by turn until morning.
Another time there was a river to cross, again it was toward evening and we were the last of the company. There was no one to help us as our captain was absent. "What are you going to do" called dear father from his bed. "I am going to drive right over and the Lord will help us." I answered, and we did it alright. At camp in the evening, the captain went around to find out who had helped sister G. Well, I think it was the last but one night before we reached Salt Lake City; it had been snowing and it was dark before we stopped for the night. That night I could not get any wood to light a fire nor could I bake my bread. The next day we mixed sugar with the flour and ate it raw. The same night a little child was born in the camp. The next day we arrived in Salt Lake[.] It was with a sad heart that I parted with many of our traveling companions who had been so kind and obliging to me in my trouble.
It was the last day of October, 1854 that we arrived and we immediately started in search of rooms in which to live.
Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Source of Trail Excerpt:
Guild, Marie Madeleine Cardon, Correspondence, 1898-1903.
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My father [Philippe Cardon] and few others started on their journey as soon as their oxens where [were] so that they could drive them[.] they would go about fifteen miles from the Mississippi River and camp there, and wait until all the rest would come, so they would form a large company of 75 or 80 Wagons, but some of the cattle were very wild and onmanagable [unmanageable] so that it took a few days, or over a week before all were ready to leave the bank of the river. The young men of course had the very wildest of the cattle for the older men had the most tamed ones. My three older brothers had Each a wagon, and from three to four yokes of cattle to each wagon, as they were very heavy loaded, beside the roads were very rough in thoes [those] early days; the cholera had then appearently [apparently] ceased[.] the Saints felt full of hope and co[u]rage, again and when all were ready to start for the desert plaines [plains], our leader instructed us the night before, to try and make as early start as possible in the morning so that all would be able to reach our first camp before dark, as some of the cattles [cattle] were pretty wild and unmanagable, and an early start would be very necessary, in order to allow for enmergency [emergency.] so the next morning we had our breakfast at daybreak and made as an early start as possible[.] my oldest Brother John [Paul Cardon] took the lead as he was the first one to start, then followed our next two brothers, and John [Daniel Pons] and David [Charles] Ponse [Pons], the two sons of Elder [Bartholomew] Ponse [Pons] who died a few days previous from the dread disease Cholera[.] all were rolling along toterably [tolerably] well for a short time, but when they got to the foot of a steap [steep] hill then the trouble began, though my Brother John had gone up the hill O.K. and had reached a small burcy, called Westport and which stood on the top of a high hill about 12 miles form [from] the Mississippi River but soon on e [one] of my brothers got in to trouble[.] his cattle would not pull up hill and they pr[e]fer[r]ed to go any way but up hill[.] they certainly refused to go and finely [finally] one of the yokes broke down and the Ponse [Pons] boys had also got one of their yoke broken and A wagon tongue[.] there they had to stope [stop] and let some one else pass them, and the poor boys had no chance to get either yokes or wagon tongue to replace the broken ones unless they could get them from our camp and that was a long distance from where they broke down[.] there were no other way but to ask us girls to go to our camp and have some of the brethren who had their oxen gentle and tamed. And bring them and also bring some yokes and wagon tongues here[.] I could not refuse to go; and the Ponse [Pons] Brothers also asked for their sister Mary [Maria] Ann to go along with me. so we started believing that we would reach our camp in the afternoon in time to get someone to bring the nescessary assistance, so as to anable [enable] our brothers to reach camp in the evening; we walked as fast as we could walk but the most of the way was up hill, and we reached Westport about 3 P.M. We knew not how far our camp was from there so we continued our journey in hopes of soon finding our camp[.] we walked down on the other side of Westport until we came to a crick [creek], we managed to cross it as best we could and followed the wagon road, then we overtook my oldest Brother John who was unable to get up the long dugg way [dugway.] he had been there between two to three hours and could not move his cattle up the long duggway, and when we girls came up to him and told him our errand he seemed to feel very glad and asked also for help as he was heavey loaded and the cattle had not been used to work at all[.] they were just brought out of the range, While I were talking to my brother two men came from Westport finely dressed seemingly being well to do[.] they stopped a few minutes and my brother wanted me to ask these gentlemen how far the first Morman [Mormon] camp was, they said it was not very far and that they were going to that camp as their family were there, and that they were going direct to that camp and that they were Mormons and they were willing to assist us to reach our camp if we would allow them, and brother said that we had better accept their offer as it would be more safe for us girls, beside it was getting late in the afternoon, I asked these men if they thought that we could arrive at our camp before night[.] they said oh certainly we can be there easely by Sundown[.] So then, we started and walked quite fast but, I felt as though something was not alright and I thought I would ask different questions concerning the arrangements and organization pertaining our journey etc. etc. but I found out that he the one I was speaking too [to,] was not at all acquainted with aneything about the journey for even the name of the Captain nor aney of the Elder’s name[s], we were walking side by side, and Miss Ponse [Pons] was just about one yeard [yard] ahead of me walking side by side with the other man and as I found out that neither of these men could speak French nor understood it, I spoke to Miss Ponse [Pons] and told her that I thought it best for us girls to go right back and stay with my brother until some of our people would come and help us out. But she laughed at me and said what on earth had come in to your head now, O, I told her that I feared that thoes two men were not honest and that I felt horrid, and wished that we had never started with them, well she said I never saw such a girl as you, you always bourrow [borrow] trouble half way or meet it half way[.] Why she said Why, why don’t you wait until it comes before you worry? She asked if the man by my side had said aneything [anything] improper to me, I said no. Well he dare not then[.] What makes you think that those men mean us harm? Well I said that I felt that our lives were in great danger[.] I felt in dispare [despair], then she said as long as they behaved we might as well keep a going as to go back, we are now along [a long] way from your brother and according to what they told us we will soon arrive at the camp[.] well I said to her [“]Miss Ponse [Pons] have you a pocket knife with you to defend yourself? She laughed out right and said that I was the strenyed [strangest] person she had ever met, and what did we want of a knife? She said that she did not have one. When the men behaved like gentlemen; of course we talked and preten[d]ed that we were joking with each other for fear that we should arrouse their supision though we were quite sure they did not understand our Language; Well, I tole [told] Miss Ponse [Pons] that I had a good knife which I would use to good advantage in case that anething would turn out improper; for we came [to] America pure and keep a [it] with the health of God. We kept walking right along[.] finely [Finally] I spoke and asked the man by my side How soon he thought that we would reach our camp—and he answered that it would not be very long now but I said that they had told us that we would arrive before Sundown, he answered and said that he hardly thought it was as far as it appeared now to be; but perhaps we had not walked as fast as we might have done and it now would not belong [be long] before we would arrive to our Camp, well the sun went down and soon the stars began to show their light; and as Miss Ponse [Pons] had been laughing at me for meeting trouble half way, I did not widh [wish] to mention the subject again. but my mind were [was] hard at work in planning out a defense in case that we would be attacked, by those men. I remembered the promise that the Elders had made unto us concerning our trials on our long journey and that God would be with us and keep us from all harm if we would be faithful to our covenents, and that no one could harm us in as much as we had faith in our rede[e]mer yet I knew that faith without work is dead, as work and faith must go together[.] I then took my knife out of my pocket so that I would have it ready for use at any instant that I should need to use it. We then had walked along way since dark through woods and pines and it was so dark that we sould [could] not see a yeard [yard] away from us. All that we could see was the glitter of the stars through the branches of the trees when all at once Miss Ponse [Pons] spoke to me, with a trembling voice and said. O, I wish that I had taken your advice, when you wanted us to go back to your brother, but it is to[o] late now for we are lost girls. This man by my side says we’ll have to stay with them tonight, I said no; I guess not for I have a knife ready to kill them both if they attempt to lay a hand on us. This knife, had been the knife of that German Lady of whom I spoke of dying on the quarontine [quarrantine] and that my Sister Catherine and I had tried so hard to save her life and before she died she told us that she had no relations and she had a small trunk and she wished us to accept of it, and if there where [were] aneything that would be of aney use to devide all among ourselves for we had done all that we could do in her sickness; so after we had dressed her in her best suit and the funeral was over we divided what few articles she had and I got this knife, and I put it in my jacket; without ever thinking of having aney particular use for it; but the day before we left the Mississippi River for our journey, it appeared that I had the knife in my hand, my brother Phillip said to me let me sharpen it for you, Oh, I said I do not want it sharpened; but he insisted in me leting him sharpen it, and said that we had along [a long] and tideous journey and we had a rough wilderness to travel through, and I might have use for it, so I let him sharpen it for me. And After he was through he handed it back to me again and I put it in my po[c]ket. I now soon found out that this knife might be the means of saving our lives as it was very sharp, and one of the blades was long enough to accomplish my plans. We now realized our serious position but we kept calm, and we still walked but we expected to be carried away at aney moment, as the man who was by Miss ponse’s [Pons’s] side had told her that they did not intend to take us to our camp in the first place. When she told me this, I then called our heavenly father to look down upon us with mercy and to be with us in this hour of great need of his assistance, and asked him in the name of his holy son Jesus to deliver us from these inhuman villians [villains.]
I well prepared my aim with my knife in my right hand; they now both stoped in front of us and said, Well dear young Ladies, we are sorry to disappoint you but we are now along way from your camp and we wish to have you stay with us tonight, and if you wish to go to your Camp in the morning we will take you; but before they could say another word, I boldly told them to hold their hands off us or we would take their lives, unless they would let us go uninjured We would kill them both, they seemed to be paralized just then and if they had made an attempt to lay an un evil [an evil] hand on us I was ready to cut both their throats; for my plan was set for action; but the villains could not even speak one word, us girls started to run for dear life; we followed the path before us as we were in the woods and did not know where to go for protection[.] Just think my beloved children for one moment how we felt in the middle of the night in a new country and not knowing w[h]ere to go for protection[.] words can never discribe our [text missing]
We held each others hand and ran for our lives[.] I still held my knife opened in my right hand but I finely [finally] gave up as my strength was gone, and thinking that perhaps those villians would not follow us, I said to Miss Ponse [Pons], I can not walk aney more let us sit down for a minute or two for I am dunup [done up] so we both thought of stopping for a moment but before we were seated on the ground we heard foot steps in our path not far off us and we then started with all our strength and run as fast as we could[.] we got through the woods and in to the wild prairies. We were running still and we passed a small log cabin and two men were laying down at the front of this cabin. I suppose they heard us coming, in fact we were about one yeard [yard] from them when we saw them[.] they halfway raised up, and both spoke at once and said, good evening Ladies[,] but in our fright we never answered but failt [felt] still worse than before, thingking [thinking] that we might yet be caught, as we knew that the two villains where after us, we thought that perhaps these two last ones might be as bad as the other two or perhaps worse so we ran now truly in wild dispare for our lives, it was not so dark when we got our [out] on to the prairies, but the dwe [dew] had fallenheavely and the grass was wet, we soon got our clothes drip[p]ing wet traveling through the tall grass, and we became almost unable to walk, at one time we thought of sitting down and wait until day light, before we would walk aney further, but after we sat down we began to realize our situation[.] we know of those two villians being in our track and we were not sure but what they were close in our path and even if they had lost sight of us and would not find us, we were not sure of our lives as there might be some wild beasts come upon us for we had neither food nor water since we had left the Mississippi River and we walked ever since as fast as we could and run a great part of the time, and if we would sit down for aney length of time we were liable to go to sleep, and we might yet be overtaken by those villians or some wild beast would devour us if they came upon us while we were asleep, so we thought it best to walk west as near as we could and as we were quided [guided] a little by the stars it would not be long before day light now so we walked still hand in hand[.] I still held my knife opened in my right hand, we came to a creek and there we found some sticks[.] we tokk [took] one each thingking that we might need them in our wanderings about, After a while we came to a hallow [hollow], and as we looked up a head of us we saw a light and we felt sure it was the morning star[.] it appeared as though it was glittering through some trees as though the breeze just moved the branches, but as we came nearer we found out, in stead of being the morning star, it was a house and the people there in were having a dance, and as they prominaded around it kind of shaded the light from the windows, as we were quite distance when we first saw it, as soon as we came to the house we rang the bell and some of the dancers came to the door and they kindly invited us to come in[.] we thanked them kindly, but in our dispare we dared not tell them that we were lost and of what had happened for fear that those two inhuman men might soon come there and inquire after us, so we told those young people that we were diserious go to the first Mormon Camp from the Mississippi River, and that our parents were following us up but they had broken a wagon wheel and that had been detained conciderable in repairing the wheel, and the company had gone ahead to form a camp in a suitable place and we girls whished [wished] to go ahead and find the camp and get something to eat ready for our parents, well dear ladies they said to us, you have passed the first camp long since[.] you are now twelve miles and one half from the first camp and it is two miles and one half from the second[.] you certainly must have lost your way intierly, you had better come in and stay until daylight and then you will be assisted to find your Camp, but we could not make up our mind to that, for they were all dressed up gaily and we two poor lost girls must have looked horrid but we kindly thanked them for their kind hospitality, but we thought if they would kindly direct us in the direction of the second camp, we then would be able to get some one to take us back to our camp. So they kindly came with us a few steps and showed us as best they could discribe the road to the second Camp. We walked for about half a mile and on our right hand we saw a small cabin the door was open it being very warm weather. it was but a small room. We saw a man in bed appearingly [apparently] sick[.] he had a towel tied over his forehead, and an nother man was sitting near, the door reading. We felt sure that it would be alright for us to go and ask if we were on the right road to the mormon second Camp. but we dared not say that we were lost for fear those two men might come along there, and as the door was opened and the cabin was lighted they would be alright to get information concerning us, so we told this man who was sitting up with the sick man, that we wanted to get to the camp as quick as possible so as to get a fire started and get a cup of Coffee ready for our parents, for they had some bad luck with their wagon and they could not keep up with the rest of the Company; This man came out side the door and he was very kind[.] he told us that we were on the right road and he returned to the house, we thanked him very much for his kindness, and we started of[f] to find our camp, but we soon made up our mind, that it would be better to go back to the house where there was a dance as there were ladies there and we would surely be safe with them; and we then went back quickly as we could walk and rang the bell again[.] they come to meet us at the door. We then thought it best to tell them our adventure and that we were lost, and if they would let us stay there until daylight we would be very grateful unto them. They kindly told us to go in; Just then the man who was sitting up with the sick man, had heard our story to these ladies and spoke and said I knew these young ladies were lost and that some thing was [w]rong with them, and this is why I watched them after they left my house and I found out that they only went a short way after they left and soon I heard them running back. I was close to the road but they did not see me. I knew by the way they looked and spoke that they were in dispare, and I have come to find out and see if I could be of any assistance to them in their troubles what ever it maybe; he was a good man, thoes ladies at the dance house told us that they knew him well and if we prefered to stay with them until day light we were very welcome, as they had already told us, but if we wanted to go to camp this man who had been watching us. They would recommend him to us as an honest man, and he would be as a brother to us, and he would bring us safely to where we wished to go, so we thought it best to go. We kindly thanked them fortheir kindness to us; and started on our way[.] I then tried to keep up courage in thinking that we would now soon be to a Mormon Camp and would be alright, Miss Ponse [Pons] seemed not to be quite so gave out as I was. I began to look back on the advent when I held my knife ready to kill thoes men whom had assualted us and the thought made me feel almost sick, I never spoke one word after we left those kind ladies at the house, but before then I had done about all the talking. Miss ponse [Pons] now was telling the man who was taking us to Camp about our adventure as we walked along. When all at once a voice familliar to us spoke out and said; is that you miss Ponse [Pons] and what in the world brings you here so early? What has happened? this man had crossed the Sea with us, and we knew him and his wife. He was out as night watch, over the cattle to keep them together as much as was necessary. There were three others also who had crossed the Sea with us; This first man who had recognized Miss Ponse’s [Pons’s] voice and spoke said that he would take us to Camp and have his wife get us some breakfast so the gentleman who so kindly had offered his assistance to take us to camp said that he would now return and look after his brother who was sick and he hoped that all would be well with us. We very kindly thanked him for his assistance. We soon got to Camp. The Man’s wife got us some toast and a cup of Coffee and she insisted that we should lay down a little while, as her husband had to go back and help the other three men bring the cattle, so we laid down for a while for we were warren [worn] out intirely. When he returned he unloaded his wagon and arranged so he could take us back to our Camp. But the Captain had already fixed his bugy so we finely arrived there between eleven and Twelve O’clock A.M. nearly noon.
When we arrived to our Camp, there was a great rejoicing for nearly everybody thought that we were dead or that thoes inhuman men had taken us some where, where we could not be found by any of our people, My dear Mother was unable to speak above a whisper[.] the men were all out in search of us, my brothers had all managed to reach camp that same night, and when my brother John arrived at Camp and told our parents about thoes [those] two men promising to bring us safely to our Camp, in saf[e]ty, and saying that they were Mormons and that their families were at this Camp getting ready for the desert plains and that they also promised that we would arrive at our Camp before sundown, then every man turned out in search of us, calling us by our names, and they kept a fire burning all night, but hearing nothing, concerning us they began to think that thoes men had run away with us or perhaps they had killed us or maybe they had left us in the woods and some wild beasts had devoired [devoured] us; But God had watched over us and he had been true to this promise, when he had spoken through his servants when they blessed us and sealed thoes promises upon us and prophisied in the name of the father and of the son and of the Holy Ghost. That if we would do what was right and keep ourselves pure before our heavenly father that he would be with us in time of need; We had already passed through maney a trials for the sake of the everlasting Gospel, and the Greater our trials and the more faith we had in our Redeemer. For we knew that he lived and I will testify in his Holy name that he is ever ready to answer us when we are humbel before him and sincere in heart; It seemen [seemed] as though we still had some more trials to encounter right along through our journey, but we go out of all our trials in trusting in the devine [divine] love and guidance of our heavenly father; For whom so ever will trust in him. Shall not be disapointed. For he is ever ready to answer us when we have faith in him. We finely were about to start now for our long journey. When my Brother Bartholomew or Thomas, my youngest brother was sudenly taken sick with the Cholera we had to pos[t]pone our journey, again until my brother would recover[.] we done all that could be done, we had him administered too [to] by the elders and they prophesized that he would recover and that dread disease would depart from his body and they comanded the disease to depart from my brother, in the name of the father and the Son and the Holy Ghost and by the power of the Holy Priesthood which was vested in them and they sealed these blessings of health and stren[g]th upon him, and he very soon got well so that we were able to start the next morning and we fixed him as comfortable as possible in our wagon and started. All seemed in harmoney and all was glad and happy; We traveled 25 miles that day. Which was considered quite a distance; for the roads were very poor and the cattle were stil very stuborn and hard to drive; besides the drivers most of them had never attempted to yoke up cattle or even had seen how they were being yoked; truely some of them appeared as though they never could learn anything out side of their onely profession either weaving, working in the mines, or at a certain traid [trade]. Which they learned when in their younger days. And it seemed as though it was almost empossible that this long and tideous journey could ever be accomplished. But we had the promise that we should, at least, my father’s family, reach the end of our journey in due time and with health and stren[g]th if we kept our covenent and have faith in our redeemer; Therefore we had the safest guide that heaven and earth can claim. And we relied on this power and kept up good co[u]rage and all was going along as well as could be expected. When my father had the misfortune to sprain his ankle very badly so that he was laid up intirely. All my brothers had a team to drive and so I had to drive my father’s team nearly all the way to Salt Lake City, It was pretty hard job for me, but I made up my mind never to grumble and take everything just as they come, after being rescued from som [so] many incidents I felt that come what would I would not murmur; One evening after we reached a Camping place about two hundred miles journey, We all felt tired but we were very happy. We had prayer and singing every night and morning. Our Captain Mr [Robert Lang] Campbell was a noble man and he understood his business thouroly[.] He was jolley and kind, every body loved him for his kind ways. This was his third time that he had crossed the plaines for the porpose of bringing a Company of Latterday Saints in to Utah, after the singing our president spoke very incouraging to the Saints and urged them to be faithfull to their covenents, and be kind to each other and be as brothers and sisters and be united for we were on a journey of trials and not of luxsery. Never the less we had great cause to rejoice and be excidingly happy for the privi[le]dge of being called to Zion and there have the opportunity to learn God’s laws in these last despensation. After the benediction all went to bed as usual; But not to sleep long for about 12 o’clock we were awakened by Indian yells all around our Camp. But they did not come in to the Camp, but they stampeded all our cattle, there was not one left the men hearders [herders] were powerles intirely to stop them. They brought the news to our President of the incident; As a matter of course we all dressed our selves as quick as possible. Not knowing but what we would be attacked next but they did not molest us; At day break next morning our President called all the men to gether to find out who could swim as it was found out that all our stock had been driven across a large river, and as that was the only way left for us to get our stock, was for some of the men to swim across the river as we had not even a horse left us. My Brothers Phillip, John and Paul volenteered to go and also abo[u]t seven or eight others, they started very early and went to where they saw the place where the cattle were driven across and got ready to swim and all go across and they found our stock among the brush and they drove them back across, and counted them out and found that none had been separated; After all the stock had been driven across the boys thought of having a little fun and have a good swim, but my brother philip being a very fair swimmer he turned around and plaied [played] with the boys and was in for a jolley time for a few minutes; But while pulling one an nother about in their fun, my Brother stepped backward in to a whirlpool and was carried off instantely one of the best swimmers attempted to rescue him but the current was very swift and he was carried quite a distance before he could be rescued and when they got him he was about dead, the boys done all that could be done to revive him but he was so far drowned that they had to carry him to camp as quick as possible and all that human hand could do was done; The Elders administered unto him also; His life was saved after much work and faith in God. We never forgot the promis[e] that was made unto us. and we exercised all our faith in our Redeemer, and he soon began to breath[e]; The first word he mut[t]ered was why did you not let me sleep, instead of causing me such great agoney? Deathe is easy to a drowning person, to what the sufferings are to be brought to life again. I often heard him say after he got well, how terrible sick he felt when life seemed to returne unto him[.] he said words could never express the misery and pain. Which he suffered; We got all our cattle and what few horses we had and started again on our jurney, We made consederable progress each day considering the very bad roads, some days we would travel until late at night on account of having to find a good camping place, where grass and water could be found, However we were progressing along very in coragingly [encouragingly] and we now had journaied the distance of about three hundred miles though we often had to stope and treat the Indians with provisions clothing & etc. in order to keep in the good side of them, for often they looked as though very little would bring out their savage nature and we would have but little or no chance to defend our selves; If the[y] should break out upon us, they well knew that we were but a handfull among them, as the plains were covered with diferent trib[e]s of indians and our people were not well equiped in arms or amunsion [ammunition], and we would stand no show among them[.] and as our Captain Mr. [Robert L.] Kambell [Campbell] had crossed the desert plain twice before he knew that kind treatment to Indians at such a time were far better than fighting them, so we would stop our train of wagons and give them what we felt able and even more for a great maney were not very well prepared to devide with the Indians for they had but limited supplys to serve them for the long and tideous journey which was before us all[;] in fact, but how ever we divided with the red skins right along in order to make sure of our lives from their savage atact [attack]
on arriving at a fair place for camping one evening about three hundred & 50 miles journey, after starting to get supper and milking our cows, (we were very much blessed in this;) My father had purchased two fresh milk cows for our use on the plains, as we had quite a large family to look after, Eight of our family and five of a poor family which my father had volentered to bring to Zion on his means, so that we were 13 in number and we found out that we had been very lucky to have these cows as we had more milk than we could use and could well divide a portion to thoes who had none[,] besides we had all the butter that we needed. We would put the morning’s milk into the churn and put the dasher in it and tie a clean towel around the top so no dust could possible [possibly] get in and fasten the churn at the back of the wagon and when we arrived our butter would be ready gathered at night when we arrived at camp so this made it very nice for us to have fresh butter every day. Well as I said supper was started and I had just taken the bucket or pail to milk the cows when here arrived three strangers on horse back. they come right up unmounted their horses saluted my father and mother and all of us[.] they tied their horses and one of them come up and asked me the priviledge to be allowed to milk the cows but I decidedly refused, If [I] felt that I would not allow him, for it would bring me under an obligation, which I considered would be a little unwise for me to acept; My father asked me to let him, but I said no. The three strangers however staid and tried to make themselves as agreable as possible with my parents and brothers and in fact they staid until supper was ready to be served and we could not but ask them to sup with us as we were out on the plains where there were no place for these men to get a meal, so my father invited them to partake of our Camping Hospitality; Which they gladly ac[c]epted: Father certainly had no idea what ever what they were there far [for], after supper they went and staked out their horses and returned and seemingly wanted to convers with my parents, but as they could not understand each other, they finly [finally] went to Elder [Serge Lewis] Baliff [Ballif] who could speak German, French and English. and they asked him to talk to my parents and to my sister and I[.] and they said that if they could get our parents consent and we girls to become their wives when we would reach Salt Lake. That they would get a caraage [carriage] for father[,] mother and we girls to ride in stead of riding in a loaded Cattle Wagon Which was not very pleasent, all this was very true but we did no[t] expect to go to Zion in such a luxcerious [luxurious] way beside all this we were not to be bought nor sold, We Latter Day Saints do not believe in selling our souls nor our children for money, nor property, and as a matter of fact they saw already Elder Balliff for he knew all about our principals and made it appear to those men that he had interpreted word for word concerning their proposals, at the same time we all were almost tempted to laugh right out at the idea, for strangers to come in to a Lattterday Saint Camp and thinking og [of] buying your ladies, they must have thought that money and caraages would be of inducement but they found their mistakes very quick when they offered us a large some [sum] of money we merely laughed at them and treated them with Scorn, though they told Elder Balliff that they would not ask us to marry them untill they would prove them selves worthy of us and join the Church, but such was intirely against our principle; But their long ride was not very successfull, for the next morning they could not find their horses and they left on foot. Though they had lots of money with them yet, they felt pretty sad of the matter. How ever we started on our journey and thought no more about them.
But after travling for a number of days we were about then five hundred miles on our Journey to the great Salt Lake. When we Camped near a hollow place Thickly covered with willows and brush, and though we had men out at night always to look after our stock and never before had we lost one single head, but this night in particular Elder Ballliff lost seven heads of his cattle, the men all turned out as soon as the breakfast was over but failled to find any trace of them what ever, but while he Elder Balliff was out late in the afternoon hunting for his cattle, who should he meet in among the brush but the very same men above mentioned; With horses and side saddles beside the ones [they] were riding themselves. They were intending to watch for we girls to come out and get wood and water as they knew that we usaly went out instead of our father, who was still very lame, o[u]r brothers as they generally had all they could do to look after the stock Etc. Elder Balliff inquired of these men if they had seen anything of seven head of cattle as he described then [them] very particullarly to them but they said that they had not seen them. Elder Balliff was rather surprised to see these men with extra horses and Ladies side saddles on them, he thought that some thing was up. He remarked to them, What brought them out in such a place in the wilderness, with horse equiped in such a style for Ladies appearently and in reply they confided in him their earnd [errand] and told him that if he would do them a great favor they would help him to find his lost cattle or if they could not find them they knew of some large cattle owners and they would buy him good cattle to replace those he lost, but onely on conditions that he would assist them on their plan, they said that they were there for the porpos [purpose] of watching an opportunity when we would be out for water or wood and they had their plan so arranged to take us up with out any one would find it out until it would be too late to find our where abouts, all they asked of him was this that he would so contrive to have us girls to go out in the evening just a little before dark. Mr. Balliff told them that he was not the man to sell his Honor for money or cattle nor yet would he be a criminal in deceaving pure verteous [virtuous] young Ladies and beside distroying the peace of aged parents and families; He thanked them for the offer made to him but said he would keep his conciance clear. They then asked if he could not healp them in any way; for him not to say anything to aney one concerning the matter but he left them with out one word and come direct to Camp and told my father all of what he knew concerning thoes men, and to see that he did not allow us to leave the Camp under no circumstances what ever. We girls staied in Camp that evening and the next few days. We did not attempt to go far [for] wood or water with out some one with us, and we staid close to our parents, as we now felt sure that these men were determent [determined] to get away with us if possible. Just because we were Mormon Girls. Perhaps they were some of the decendants of the mob who had in former days killed our Prophat [Prophet] Joseph Smith and his Brother Hirum [Hyram] and they masacred maney an innocent persons just because they were Latterday Saints[.] I will now tell yoy [you] my beloved Sons and Daughters, that the day is near at hand when such men as thoes Who assaulted us and followed us five hundred miles across the desert plains on porpus [purpose] to distroy us, and rejoice over their victory, that is if they had been able to gain and accomplish their vicious plans, to distroy the Servents of God, even us Girls Who had left our home for the sake of the everlasting gospel of Christ. I have often thought of it were possible that these men were the very ones Whom had in the first place tried to get away with us girls When We Were on our Way to our first Camp from the Mississipp[i] River[.] I could never ricognize them, again as I never for once looked at them after they first spoke about taking us to our Camp. I onely raised my eyes to their face then, and after we started, I was so very anxious to reach Camp that both Miss Ponse [Pons] and I Walked quite fast, and as I asked the man Who Walked by my side maney questions concerning matters pertaining to our Leaders, etc. etc. I never once raised my eyes to his face, and in feelling doubtfull of these two men’s honesty I felt rather anxouis to reach Camp as soon as possible, therefore I could never Identify them afterwards.
Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Source of Trail Excerpt:
Robert L. Campbell Emigrating Company, Journal, in Perpetual Emigrating Fund, General Files, reel 1, box 1, fd. 6.
Read Trail Excerpt:
These letters truly Certify to all men, That we, Daniel Mackintosh as Principle, and J.C. Little and Orson Spencer [blank space] as sureties are hereby held and firmly bound unto the Perpetual Emigrating Company of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in the final sum of Twenty Thousand Dollars, on the following Conditions, to wit. If the said Daniel Mackintosh shall truly and faithfully perform the duties of Treasurer of the Perpetual Emigrating Company, then this Bond shall be null and void, otherwise to remain in full force and virtue, for the Payment of which, well and truly to be made. We hereunto set our hands and Seals, at Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, This Third [blank space] day of February 1854
In Presence of H.B. ClawsonRobert CampbellDaniel Mackintosh SealJ.C. Little SealOrson Spencer Seal
Camp GroundState of Missouri
14th July 1854
At a counsel meeting this evening Elder Empey presiding it was resolved[blank space]
That Brother Robert Campbell be president of this Company, that Br. Richard Cook be his first Councillor, and Brother J[abez]. Woodard be his second Councillor.
That Brother [Thomas William] Brewerton be Captain of the Guard. That Bro. Charles Brewerton be Waggon Master, and Brother William Kendal[l] to assist him.
That Brother Richard Cook be Captain of the first ten.
That Brother Thomas Fisher be Captain of the Second Ten.
That Brother Baliffe be Captain of the third ten.
That Brother Thomas Sutherland be Clerk and historian of this Company.
That no Gun shall be fired within fifty yards of the Camp Under a Penalty of one Nights Guard.
That the Captain of each ten shall awaken the head of every Family at four oClock on the Morning and be ready to roll out at seven if circumstances will admit, [blank space]
That all go to bed at nine oClock in the evening.[blank space]
That every man from Sixteen to Sixty years of age be suitable to stand Guard!
The above resolutions have been afterwards laid before the whole Company in Camp. And have received their Unanimous Sanction.
R. Campbell, President Thos. Sutherland, Clerk
Brother Empey prophecied in the name of the Lord, In as much as the Brethern act with Unity and Keep humble that we shall go right straight to the mountains. he spoke of the necessity of having a record Kept of every thing that shall occur on the way. he says he Knows Brother Campbell is a good man, Well suited to hold the position that he is placed in!
Brother Campbell spoke of the necessity of appointing a commitee of three to enquire into the amount of provisions in each waggon. Brother Empey Remarked that no should take his gun out of his Waggon without leave from his Captain. And also that every Man Should be careful in taking off the cap in puting in his Gun in his waggon and also to have buckskin attached so as to put it on the pillar under the cock!
Sunday evening July 16th 1854 Prairie Camp 12 miles from Kansas [City] State of Missouri!
The foregoing minutes have been read and received by an Unanimous Vote.
President Campbell enquired if the comittee had made enquiry into the amount of provisions, each family had,
Brother Fisher; replied that he made enquiry and found each waggon according to his estimation, Well supplied except Br. Wiltshire[,] Bro. Whit [Walter George White,] Sister Hiskins, And calculate on buying some at fort Laramie and had money in their possession for that purpose! the waggons have not been over loaded.
Resolved that all the men in camp from 16 to 60 years of age be called out this evening and see what defence they can make with fire Arms.
Resolved that Bro. Thos. Fisher be Captain of the English Brethern and Brother Bailiff of the foreign Brethern,
Resolved that the foreign Brethern start in the morning and go as far as Indian Creek!
Resolved that Bro. Fisher, our Waggon Master and the rest of the Carpenters in Camp go to the wood and bring as much wood as will make 4 axeltrees, Bro Campbell gave instructions that the captain of each ten should see that there was a strong rope in his company to hitch to the waggons to take them a cross Creeks and difficult places where the cattle can not bring it,
Resolved that Bro. James Works be captain of the loose heard [herd]!
Tuesday 18th July 1854
Morning fine. the camp rolled out at 10 oClock. A.M. and traveled as far as Indian Creek a distance of ten Miles where we encamped for the night[.] this Creek has plenty of wood for fire and food for cattle, there is a stream runing supplied with some inferior spring and one or more good ones[.] at this season of the year it is nearly dried up but no doubt but at a later or earlier season there is plenty of water. there are also three houses inhabited by Indians!
19th We crossed the Creek and encamped about a mile the other side in order to wait for some waggons that were to arrive in the evening.
20th A nice, cool morning[.] we rolled out at half past seven oClock A.M. and arrived at Cedar Creek, <12 miles> where we encamped for the night. the Cattle all traveled well and no accident occured except the tongue of one waggon that Broke just on the camp to round! this Creek is well supplied with wood, water and plenty of Grass for Cattle!
21st Friday! we started at ten oC. A.M. and arrived at Bull Creek at half past one oC. P.M. a distance of ten miles[.] the Cattle traveled well and no accident. the Country all through looked well and generally speaking the road is very good. the day was nice & Cool! there is wood and Water at this Creek. but the Spring Water is bad & muddy[.] there is one house that Keeps various goods for sale and some things are to be had as Cheap here as at St. Louis!
21st Brother Campbell held a councel meeting this Evening when it was resolved, that we rise at half past three oC. and roll out at 6 oClock
That Brother [George] Cook[,] [Thomas] Fisher & [William] Kendal[l] Call on Brother [John] Fraith & Councel him to lighten his luggage!
22nd Saturday[.] Morning exceedingly warm[.] we started at half past seven oClock. and traveled to Spybalk Creek (or Mud Creek) a distance of eight long miles. the road generally is Very uneaven and a good many crooked Hills and within one hundred piarches [perches] of the Creeks. there is a very steep Stoney Hill to come down[.] we were obliged to put four men to drive the teams down and at the same time have a roap hitched to the back axeltree with six & eight men attached to it to hold back[.] we encamped in the after noon without any accident[.] there is plenty of wood, water and good Grass for Cattle[.] there is one Indian House and some good springs of Water!
23rd. Sunday. day Very fine[.] Brother Campbell called a meeting of the Saints in the forenoon and gave some general Instructions as to the Care of the oxen and also exhorted the Brethern to treat them Kindly and not to beat or fret the Cattle in as much as our whole dependance was now on them to take all our property a cross the plains. at two oClock the Cattle were yoked again and we rolled out without much trouble and came a distance of seven miles to Walkarussia Creek[.] during the distance we had to cross two Very steep places. they tried the strength of our Waggons considerably, but all arrived on the Camp Ground without any accident!
24th. Morning very fine we commenced to cross the Creek at an early hour and did not succeed in geting all the waggons over Untill late in the afternoon[.] consequently we were obliged to encamp a mile the other side[.] one waggon in coming down the Creek turned on the side and one wheel was totally smashed, but all the carpenters in camp Set to work and had an excellent one made before night fall. There is a beautiful river runs in this place thickly wooded each side the river where we crossed it, is about ten perch wide. A considerable precipiece going into it and a large hill going up the other side[,] we were obliged to double teams to get through it. it Seems quite a romantic place and much resembles that much esteemed river the Dargle in the County Wichlow [Wicklow] Ireland! there are three houses on the east side and one on the west side inhabited by Indians[.] one of those on the east Keep a Store and selle flour & meat &c!
25th. Tuesday. we started at four oClock in the afternoon and traveled Seven Miles[.] we here met a hill which we were obliged to cross but all the waggons did not succeed in doing so untill a late hour at night[.] there is no water here except one inferior spring at the bottom of the hill,
26th. Wednesday, We started at three oClock in the morning and traveled eight miles. Water is not to be found along this road[.] We stoped about four hours. had something to eat and our teams rested and eat something but not much as it was in the heat of the day. we then yoked again and traveled as far as, Big Springs, a distance of seven miles. this road is generally rising ground but the road is pretty good. There are several small springs here at the fall of the Hill. but would require some with spades to work some time so as to get plenty of Water. We however got sufficient for ourselves but Very little for our oxen, we are now passing through Nebraska Territory[.] the Country looks well and good Scenery!
27th. Thursday. day beautiful and fine for traveling[.] we had some Indications of rain with some thunder and lightening but the day held up delightful. we had our oxen yoked and our waggons rolling at four oClock in the Morning[.] we traveled about four hours[.] we then encamped had breakfast, and got the oxen some Water[.] about mid day we yoked to again and came as far as Shongonong [Whetstone] Creek . The road has been very good and all our teams Seemed to travel first rate[.] we passed several gentlemen who were Surveying and marking out farms in the Country[.] the land generally appears good and a suffiaciancy of wood is to be had and no doubt but there is plenty of water to be had at a season of the year that would not be so dry as the present. this Creek abounds with plenty of wood and a good supply of Water[.] there is also good grass for Cattle and the Scenery magnifficient. Nature itself in this uninhabited Country seems to predominate over all the art and Science of Man!
28th Friday. Morning fine we rolled out seven A.M. and crossed Shongonon Creek[.] the wheel of my waggon was totally broke here[.] the remainder of the company Encamped at Caw River. This Creek has a bunitant [abundant] supply of water & wood with a good spring well[.] there are also two houses one of them is a store! from W. [Whetstone] Creek to C[aw]. river 7 miles.
29th Saturday. the wheel of my waggon was in traveling order this morning our attentive waggon master having worked nearly all night at it, being assisted with two other Carpenters[.] We crossed the Caw river by a ferry boat and encamped the other side in the afternoon for the night!
30 Sunday! We did not leave untill one oClock. P.M. but traveled Nine miles to Cross Creek where we encamped about six oClock for the night[.] there is good water here for Cattle also wood and and Grass, there are two houses one of them is a store and Keeps many thing (as well as provisions, suitable for travelers[).] there is a bridge a cross the Creek, for crossing which we are obliged to pay a small sum!
31st. Monday. Morning Very warm[.] we rolled out at 7½ A.M. and made good speed for ten miles, we then stoped for one hour and Watered our Cattle and then continued our Journey for four miles and then encamped about five P.M. on the Prairies where we just got sufficient water both for man and beast. but no wood except at an inconvenient distance. this part of the Country would appear the most handsome we have yet met. one hill we past commanded a view as far as the eye can see, and had on the top of it a pile of stones or, rocks, with a pathway going up to it as if some Indians or Ancient people worshiped there!
1st August Tuesday. Morning warm[.] we rolled at four A.M. and came six miles to, Lost Creek, we stoped the remainder of the day here as a Number of the waggons require their wheels made tight. the heat of the sun has been so severe the[y] have nearly all got loose. This is a pretty place good Water and plenty of wood and good grass for the Cattle!
2. Wednesday[.] the Carpenters and our Waggon master have been engaged all day repairing the waggons! we will not leave untill to Morrow Morning[.] the Bridge across the creek has also been repaired to day as it was quite impassible! The druth [drought] has been so severe in this Country that the inhabitants quite dispair of raising any crop except Hay which the[y] are at present busy saving!
3. Thursday! We have been aroused at an early hour by one of the Brethren. his team driver having run away with his Poney about midnight[.] no account has been heard of him as there was no time to make a se[a]rch! “Note[:] the team driver is a sailor who was on board of the ship the saints came in from Liverpool[.] I believe he has bore a bad c[h]aracter, he does not belong to the church,”
We rolled out this morning at 5 A.M. and came to Vermillion [Vermilion] Creek a distance of 4½ miles. we stoped for Breakfast and yoked again at 12 A.M. and Crossed two Branches of the Vermillion [Vermilion] and encamped at the third making a Journey of 15 miles to day, the Vermillion is very dangerous to cross but has plenty of water & wood, our traveling to day has been up and down Hill[.] The Under part of one waggon has been considerably injured[.] we past two men on horse back going to the states, this is nice camping Ground having every thing that is required! this day has been cool and pleasant for traveling. we had a good shower of rain this morning!
4th Friday. The camp commenced to march as the Sun began to make its appearance in the East. We had a heavey dew last night and the morning feels very warm. we came to Rock Creek, about 4 miles and stoped for Breakfast and let our cattle feed. There is delightful water here, and some Very good fish. also Wood. Care must be taken in crossing the Creek in consequence of rocks being in the bottom. We again yoked about midday and traveled 18 Miles making in all to day 22 Miles. We crossed 3 runing streams where water can be had for cattle and encamped at the fourth where good Water, and Grass intermixed with some very nutritious rushes can be had but very little wood. one waggon wheel was broke in pieces within three or four hundred yards of the Camp Ground!
5th Saturday! at an early hour this morning 2 deers have been seen by the Brethern. we rolled at 10 A.M. and crossed a creek about 4 Miles distance where some water can be had for cattle, and then came to the Black Vermillion [Vermilion] Creek, and encamped the other side, a distance in all of 6 Miles. this Creek is the most dangerous and difficult places we have yet met. there is a quantity of water in the Creek with one good spring by the edge with an abundance of wood!
Bro. Campbell held a councel meeting this evening when it was Resolved, That President Campbell & Bro. W. Kendall start at midnight and Bring up Bro. Fraith to the camp, he having delayed behind
6th Sunday! Bro Campbell & Kendall having gone for Bro Fraith the camp remained Still and the carpenters in Camp made a new wheel in place of the one Broke on the previous friday. We had some heavy thunder and lightening this evening accompanied with heavy rain that lasted for an hour. the prairie took fire at about 15 miles distance and burned rapidly and came in the course of the night within ½ mile of our camp but the wind being favorable the fire went right into the wood.
7th. Monday! our camp marched at sun rise and came 10 miles to Mustkallee Creek. we watered our cattle took Breakfast and came 6 miles to the Big Blue River. the greater part of our company crossed it and camped the other side. water in part of the river varied in depth from 2½ to 3 feet[.] one axeltree that was previously injured Broke and the tongue of one waggon was also Broke, the cattle having twisted round!
8th Tuesday! The remainder of the company crossed the river this morning[.] we will stop here to day and have the waggons repaired, a sister that had been unwell since she came off the sea, died this morning and was buried in the usual way in the afternoon. her was Maria Hughes age 49 years. She formerly lived in Marketdryton Shropshire England;
9th Wednesday; The morning being cool we marched at 5 oC. A.M. and traveled Untill 8 and then stoped & took breakfast and fed our cattle. a wheel of one waggon was broke coming down a steep place as we were about to stop; the load of the waggon being divided among the company the axeltree being settled with a drag we again traveled to Snake, or Soldier, Creek, a distance of 15 miles where we encamped for the night. This day has been dark and cool well calculated for oxen to travel. there is water for cattle at this Creek but not much wood!
Note[:] we came in on forthlevanforth [Fort Leavenworth] Road at 12 miles from Big Blue Creek or river
10th Thursday. morning very warm[.] our waggon Master with the carpenters in camp have been busy since early this morning making a new wheel in place of the one broke on yesterday. however it was in the afternoon, before it was complete consequently our camp can not move to day. A Mr [John] Lawton with two waggons one man and his family and between 90 and 100 head of cattle being on his way to California Via. G[reat]. Salt Lake City, felt some what afraid of the Indians to cross the plains with what help he had; he application to President Campbell to let him join our camp being willing to comply with all our regulations And with everything he would be required to do[.] accordingly President Campbell took him in with the conscent of the camp!
11th Friday. our camp marched at sun rise this Morning and traveled 4 hours. we met a slough in the left hand Side of the road where we found Some bad water for cattle, but none calculated for family use. we had Breakfast and rolled on to Turkey (or Rock, Creek[)], a distance of 23 miles. we did not meet wood or water during this drive only at the one place. The day has been exceedingly warm more so than we have yet felt. I would take it to be nearly double as warm as ever I felt it in England. the feed for cattle has also been Very bad being totally dryed up with the sun, but the Road has been tolerably good! there is plenty of wood and a good supply of runing Water at this Creek. An accident of a Very Serious nature occured this morning while we Stoped for Breakfast. a Brother of the Name of John Pond [Pons] an Itallion [Italian] having gone to take his Gun out of his waggon it being loaded and unfortunately caped and in drawing it too him. Something caught the cock. the Gun went off lodging the contents in his hand and arm, the wound is dreadful but he still lives, but little can be done for him here being Such a distance from any Medical attendance!
12th Saturday. We rolled at an early hour this morning and traveled about 6 miles. We met Some indifferent pools of water, we stoped and gave those of the Cattle that would drink Some of it[.] the day has been Very warm, we met the quartermaster of the United States troops coming from fort Carney [Kearney] with his Carriage[,] a waggon and 5 or 6 men. they informed us we were about 120 miles from Fort Carney [Kearney]. We came down a high Hill[,] Crossed a dry Creek[,] then crossed over another Hill and encamped at Big Sandy Creek, being a distance of 15 miles to day. this is good camping Ground plenty of wood and water and good feed for Cattle and Scenery beautiful. it is Said to be a favorite place of the Indians!
13 Sunday. after morning prayer President Campbell gave orders to have the cattle yoked and ready to roll between 9 & 10 oClock. the morning being cool we traveled six miles where we met a slough each side of the road containing Some Stagnated water. Some of the cattle drank, about midday, it became excessively warm and in the afternoon a dreadful thunder & lightening storm accompanied with very heavy rain[.] we were obliged to stop the waggons about two hours on the road. the rain went right through the covers of every waggon and damaged a good deal of goods. We again rolled on to Little Sandy Creek, making a drive to day of 14 miles. the tongue of one waggon was Broke. This was the only accident although the road was very uneaven, there is no water at this Creek Save some that remains after rain, a little wood can be had it is a bad Camping ground!
14th Monday! a blowing day accompanied with a warm Sun in consequence of a Brother being ill, and the Brethern being desirous of drying their Clothes, the Camp Remained Still for the day[.] the mail past from Fort Carney [Kearney] and in the afternoon Elders Erastus Snow[,] Orson Spencer, Lieut. Doctor Rust & his Son from Great Salt Lake City, on missions to the States, Came up to our camp[.] the[y] remained with us all night and in the evening gave Some general instructions for the benefit of the Saints crossing the plains, also gave cheering accounts of the prosperous State of Utah Territory and the abundant harvest the[y] are likely to have. we found their presence to be joy to us and their society during the evening a blessing!
15th Tuesday. We marched at day Break and crossed a Creek where there is wood and water at about 6 or 7 miles from Little Sandy. We traveled on and came to another Creek where there is also wood & water[.] at about 9 miles distance from Little Sandy we stoped here about two hours and then went on 4 miles to Little Blue Creek[.] we continued our Journey 4 miles along the river and then camped for the Night making a drive to day of 17 miles[.] this is delightful camping Ground a good river runs for 45 miles along which we intend traveling, there is abundance of wood and good feed for cattle[.] this day has been fine Something about the Same heat as we would find in old England!
16th Wednesday. our cattle was yoked and our waggons rolling at day break, the morning being dark & Cool we found it pleasent, but at 9 oClock it turned to rain and continued untill 12 oClock when it again Cleared up fine. we again yoked and traveled about 16 miles along the river[.] we met a party of California emigrants going to the States, here we left the river and turned to the right for 6 miles when we again met it and encamped it being an hour in the night. Making a Journey to day of 22 miles.
17th Thursday. day very fine and pleasent for traveling. We Started at an early hour and unyoked our cattle about midday and again continued our Journey Untill Sunset, when we encamped on the edge of the river making a distance to day of 15 miles[.] we met a company of 33 Waggons returning to the States from Fort Laramie having been there with provision for the government. our Journey to day has been pleasent being a long this beautiful river. grape and Plums being plentiful a long the edge. Some deer has also been seen!
18th Friday. the morning being delightful and fine we rolled at 7 A.M. and came to the branch of the river that leaves the river[.] we stoped a short time and then continued Untill we came to the thirty two mile Creek, being a drive to day of 12 miles[.] we felt to regret leaving the Little Blue river it being so beautiful and abounding with everything necessary for travelers[,] birds of every description Seem to haunt the wood -and water[.] we have Seen large flocks of them As we passed a long. one of the Brethern had lost one yoke of oxen this Morning it having strayed from the herd last night. Search has been made but all to no purpose. there is wood and water at this Creek and good feed for cattle!
19th Saturday. our waggons were rolling at 4½ oClock this Morning[.] we passed a creek about 4 miles from the 32 Mile Creek where a little wood and Water for Cattle can be had[,] and at 12 miles distance we met a Slough with water for Cattle in crossing which a wheel of a Waggon was broke[.] about midday it became Very warm but we continued our Journey without Meeting either wood or water Untill we came to the Platt[e] River being a drive to day Under a burning Sun of 25 miles[.] we encamped here it being an hour after night fall. our cattle have Stood the day well and came in fresh although it being a hard day upon them[.] there is Splendid feed for them here on the Water Edge.
20th Sunday. we rolled within 5 miles of the Fort and encampeded for the night being a drive of about 5 miles[.] in the afternoon the Waggon Master examined all the Waggons and found Many of them requiring repairing. President Campbell having gone to the fort he obtained the privilege of the use of the Blacksmith & Carpenters shop from the officers.
21st Monday. We drove 4 miles and encamped within 1 mile of Fort Kearney[.] the Waggon Master with the Carpenters in Camp are busy repairing the waggons to[o.] we See plenty of deer & Buffalo[.] Fort Kearney is a Very pretty place being Situated on the Edge of the Platt[e] river[.] Wood, Water, and feed for Cattle is quite plenty here. there is about 62 Soldiers with their officers and a Surgeon Stationed in the fort. the[y] have also flower [flour] in their charge to let emigrants buy in case of need. there is also a settlers store at the fort in which you can buy nearly everything you may require, but the prices are nearly double that you will pay in the States!
22 Tuesday we have moved about 3 miles and camped about two miles the other Side of the fort. The waggons not being all repaired we can not leave Untill tomorrow! I may remark that we are encamped at the End of grand Island. The Broad Platt[e] is now before our View!
23 Wednesday. day Very warm. we did not move untill the afternoon in Consequence of the waggons not being finished. we traveled 4 miles[,] passed 10 waggons going to the states from Fort Laramie[.] we camped at sun set on the edge of river!
24th Thursday. We rolled at Sunrise and shortly after 2 teams took fright but the first team being headed by the driver it was at once Secured. one of the two lead steers of the other team was tossed and one of his horns broken. The reason assigned for them taking flight was a Brother having rode on a poney quickly by them. Shortly after another team took flight a sister being Siting in the Grass got up suddenly as the waggon approached. the Steers unmanageable And it was not Untill the tongue and the underworks of the waggon was broke, that the[y] could be stoped. The Brother, John Pons, who was previously wounded with his own Gun has been detained by the Surgeon at fort. he entertains good hope of his recovery, but thinks it necessary for him to remain, Untill such time as he will be out of danger. The officers and men at the fort were remarkably kind to us. the day being fine we continued our Journey and traveled 16 miles and encamped before the Sun had gone down. after the correll [corral] had been formed Bro. Campbell with a company, went out hunting and killed a very good Buffalo!
25th Friday. Morning fine and the day rather warm. our Waggons were moving at 9 oClock A.M. we traveled 10 miles to Plum Creek where we found water on each side of the road being about 3 miles distant from the River and 32 miles from Fort Kearney[.] we stoped for an hour[,] had dinner & watered our Cattle, and traveled 4 miles further, where we found excellant feed for Cattle the other side of a Stream on the right hand side of the roade. Brother Campbell found a very excellant poney with Bridle & Saddle and Some meat and provisions tied on its back. it has proba[b]ly belonged to Some California Emigrant[.] we camped here for the night!
26th Saturday. we rolled at 8 oC. A.M. and made a drive of 18 miles and camped on the edge of the river. The day has been very warm heavy rains having fell on the previous night. The road is tolerably good Since we left the fort but thousands of Buffalo throng each Side of the road. all the horses and poneys and horsemen have been busily engaged riding before the waggons Keeping the road clear of them.
27th Sunday. our teams commenced to roll at 7½ A.M. the day was delightful and fine, we met 2 mountaineers going (as they said) to Fort Leavenworth with a dispatch from the Commanding officer at Fort Laramie containing an account of an affray between the soldiers and Indians in which the former lost 28 men killed. we met afterwards several other mountainears Some of which Corroborated the Statement of the former, We traveled 18 miles and camped on the edge of the river where we found good feed for cattle, which was very desirable and appeared Scarce along the road. after the corr[al] being formed Bro. Campbell with Some others, killed a good Buffalo. The[re] are still plenty a long the road!
28th Monday. day Very blowing[.] we rolled at 7½ A.M. and traveled to, Cottonwood Springs, a distance of 14 miles. we found delightful spring water here, which to us was very desirable[.] There is also a little wood here and a house is partly built by a settler at 2 miles distance where we camped for the night. This is quite near the river where good feed for cattle can be had and plenty of wood. we made the drive to day of 16 miles. Met some waggons apparently owned by mountainears.
29th Tuesday. We started at 8 oClock A.M. the day being very warm we stoped at 1 oC at a slough on the right hand Side of the road. we rolled again at 3 P.M. we now travel on the edge of the Bluffs and about 5 miles from the river[.] we did not camp Untill 8 oClock and made a drive of 22 miles after which we had thunder lightening & very heavy rain that continued Untill morning!
30th. Wednesday. the morning being enclined to rain we did not start untill 9½ A.M. We rolled 6 miles and stoped at a slough on the right hand side of the road, where Brother Campbell had just killed a splendid Buffalo Cow. we continued on for 6 miles further and camped on the edge of the river being one mile from wood making a drive to day of 12 miles!
31st. Thursday. We rolled 5½ A.M. and did not stop Untill one oC this morning being beautiful and Cool for traveling. after dinner we continued Untill an hour in the night. Bro Campbell being in front fell in with a party of the Cheyhenes [Cheyenne] Indians and from there appearence he considered them not enclined for peace[.] the[y] Brandished their fire arms when they saw him, we camped here for the night after a drive of 22 miles. 6 Indians with their chief Neumas. Immediately came to the camp. they were treated Kindly having received plenty to eat and drink after which they made Signs that they wished to go to sleep. Bro. Campbell gave up his tent to them. our cattle having been Correlled at the time took a Stampead and ran for Some distance but fortunately no harm was done, immediately after the Indians left the tent and away with them[.] We could not tell where but all the men in camp were on guard all night!
Friday 1st September. our Camp did not roll Untill 9 A.M. Brother Taylors Company of 42 Waggons with Bro. [William A.] Empey & Curtes [Dorr Purdy Curtis] where [were] then behind us in View. we did not move far Untill we met the Indians on every hand of us. they were all on horseback and well armed. The[y] blockade the road In front of us but every man in camp carried his riffle loaded on his Shoulder and we drove right through them. Bro. Campbell exchanged hands with them after which he made a call on every waggon to give them a portion of sugar which was at once given[.] the[y] Kept following us Untill dinner time and Stated they were going toWar with another Nation. [blank space] we drove 15 miles to day.
2nd Saturday. day Very fine we rolled at 7 A.M. and traveled 12 miles to the South fork of the Platt[e] which we crossed in the afternoon being about ½ mile in width and camped the other side no accident having occured although the Current of water was very Strong. Bro. Taylors Company also Crossed with us. there is no wood at all here the only fireing to be had is Buffalo Chips!
3rd Sunday we did roll Untill 9 oClock A.M. the day being delightful and fine. We Stoped for two hours at Midday and then traveled to Ash Hollow where we again Strike the Platt[e] river. we camped for the night it being 18 miles drive to day. the Scenery at this hollow is most Gorgeous. it is agreat steep to come down but to Stand upon the Hills and view the Bluffs[,] the Rocks, the wood and the Vale is a most Pickturesque View!
4th Monday. day fine, President Campbell deemed it advisable to remain the forenoon, and let the sisters wash while the Waggon Master with other Carpenters in camp got extra axeltrees and spokes for wheels, in the afternoon all things being Complete we rolled as the sun had gone down and made a drive of 5 miles through heavy Sand, it being moonlight we found it pleasent and camped for the remainder of the night on the bank of the river. Bro. Taylors Company had camped with us at ash Hollow but left in the forenoon!
5th Tuesday. We did not roll Untill 10 A.M. the day has been very warm[.] we stop[p]ed at noon for 2 hours and rolled again untill sunset, having made a drive of 12 miles through heavy Sand, our cattle has felt it much the road being So Severe!
6th Wednesday, last night having rained considerable, this morning has been Very dark and cold but the afternoon turned out fine. we rolled at 8½ A.M. and made a drive of 12 miles through Very sand. this day has been the most severe on Cattle we have yet met, one ox totally failed, we camped at sun set on the edge of the river on a Sand bank. feed for cattle is had a long here. we met a company of Men[,] Mules and ox teams going to the States. we also met the Indian agent who advised us to be on the look out as all the Indians had left fort Laram[i]e and had gone, no one Knew where, he himself was obliged to make his escape from them. they also thought to Steal a boy, he had with him, the Evening is dark and cool but we hope it will be Profitable to those that are Sick, a number being bad with Mountain fever in the Camp!
7th Thursday. Bro. Empey took Bro. Francis Fredric Roubt with Eight other passengers And placed them with Bro. Taylors Company, they being fund passengers their teams were failing, we rolled at 8 A.M. the day being dark and gloomey all appearance of Summer is gone. we stoped at noon for 2 hours grass is bad and cattle received little benefit from it. we yoked again and crossed a delightful stream of Spring Water coming down from the Bluffs and flowing into the river its called 36 miles from Ash Hollow which I think is pretty direct. we soon after crossed another the Evening having grew darker, all of a sudden, Thunder[,] lightening[,] rain and Large hail stones came pouring before we could camp[.] the rain was so heavy the cattle wheeled right round on the road and we were obliged to stand untill it was nearly over. We camped on the edge of the road soon afterwards having made a drive of 15 miles[.] the night past pritty fine!
8th Friday. we started 7 A.M. Morning dark & Cool. the road is soft after the rain. we crossed a large Stream of water and stoped at noon at Court house Rock, the Rock looks most majestic and has quite the appearence of its name[.] we rolled on Untill 5 P.M. rain having commenced, and camped on the edge of the road after a drive of 14 miles[.] feed for cattle Still continues bad!
9th Saturday. Morning fine, we started at 7½ A.M. and drove 9 miles to Chimney Rock, opposite which we stoped for dinner, this Rock with several others in connexion with it, looks quite romantic. And has been Visited by a number of people as names of Hundreds are written on it, any one will recognize it when once the name is assertained. after the cattle had been fed we Rolled on Untill after sun set having drove 18 miles, to day, feed for cattle is still bad, and no firewood except Ceder that grows on the Bluffs in some places 1, 2 & 3 miles from the Road!
10th Sunday. the Morning being wet. Bro. Campbell notified the camp that special prayers would be held at 7 A.M. In the Correll for the sick; and that we would not roll Untill late in the afternoon in case it should clear up, in the Mean time at 7½ A.M. Sister Le [Martha Lee] was confined of a daughter, both of which are doing well[.] the afternoon being fine we rolled 4½ P.M. <& drove 3 miles> and camped where the road leaves the river[.] there are two Settlers stores here one of which do Blacksmithing and keeps oxen and horses for trading.
11th Monday. We rolled 7 A.M. the day was delightful for traveling[.] we made 12 miles to Robadoes [Robidoux’s] old Post, where we stoped for dinner. there is no feed for cattle here and being little Water Runs in the Creek, but plenty of wood can be had, it is situated between two mountains. the Scenery of which, its magnifficence would be impossible to describe. we crossed the Creek and rolled 3 miles up the hill, the evening having rained very smart[,] we camped on the left hand Side of the road. we found Some Water here, but in dry weather I am Sure it is Very doubtful!
12th Tuesday. we rolled at 8 A.M. morning dark and cold. we drove 9 miles to Horse Creek And met Several large flocks of ducks on the way. the Evening having rained Very hard, we stoped for the night. feed for Cattle is tolerably good!
13th Wednesday. day fine[.] we rolled at 7½ A.M. crossed some points of sand[.] Stoped at noon for two hours. and then drove Untill night and camped at a settlers house after a drive of 16 miles[.] one oxen that had previously fail’d gave out entirely to day. and was changed with the Settler for a Buffalo Skin, this settler keeps large herds of oxen and Some horses to sell or exchange[.] Some of the Brethern Bought and exchanged oxen[.] the prices are Higher than in the States! wood and [water] is plenty but feed for cattle is indifferent!
14th Thursday. we did not roll untill late in the forenoon in Consequence of some of the Brethern, being obliged to trade for cattle[.] we rolled 8 miles to Bordeax Station [Robidoux’s Trading Post]. there is mountainears Settled here, and do Blacksmithing and trade oxen and horses. it was at this place that the Indians killed the 29 Soldiers with their officers[.] they are buried close by the road, I have Visited the grave[s] & some of the mens heads are not even covered. it was the Settlers that buried them as the remainder of the Soldiers could not leave the fort being few in Number. there was also a man’s face lying on the bank with the teeth firm in the Jaw bone, and the flesh appeared recently taken off. Several Military gloves were lying on the grass close by. we traveled on 4 miles and met 2 settlers houses where Biscuit and beans are Sold, indeed one of the houses has a Sign Board, With Bakery & refreshments written on it[.] we continued on and camped at sun set on the Bank of the river after a drive of 14 miles. feed is still bad for cattle! at a prayer meeting this Evening Bro Josh Sutherland was appointed Pionear for the road when No. 1 & 2 Companies lead!
15th Friday. we rolled 7 A.M. morning fine. we crossed Fort Laramie River and nooned beyond the Fort. this is a healthy locality but feed for Cattle about the fort is bad indeed. There is only 42 Soldiers Stationed here at Present. Provisions seamed Scanty with them. they would not sell flower [flour] Under 20 dollars p bag or 100 lbs. there is a post office and a settlers Store at the fort. we drove on in the afternoon and camped after a drive of 12 miles!
16th Saturday. Morning cool. we rolled 7½ A.M. and passed a store, Blacksmith Shop And General trading post at about 12 miles distance from Laramie that had been lately destroyed by the Indians; they [their] inhabitants having made their escape. We took the New Road, that is called the horse shoe bend, and commenced to cross the Black Hills; having left the river. we traveled up and down hill for 12 miles and nooned at a creek, a little water can be had & wood, but I may say no feed for cattle. in the afternoon we traveled 6 miles to another Creek & camped for a night having made a drive of 18 miles. good water and wood Can be had here but feed for cattle is bad. Bro Campbell found an ox at the Creek
17th Sunday. Morning fine. We rolled at 7 A.M. and traveled 6 miles, Crossed horse Creek which was dry; and camped on the river edge for the day[.] good feed having been found on the other Side of the river which we drove our cattle into. it is about 22 miles from where the Road leaves the river Untill it meets it again, a cow having been sick either died or the wolves killed it as in the morning we found it partly eaten by wolves!
18th Monday. day fine we did not roll Untill 11 A.M. as we were desirous to let the cattle have the Benefit of the feed. we traveled 13 miles and again camped on the river edge.
19th Tuesday, at 7 A.M. Sister Sarah Hoyton of (London England) who had for a long time been ill, died. She departed without being sensible of pain. She having been Settled in the waggon, we rolled again leaving the river edge and crossing the Hills for 20 miles[.] we camped about 8 oClock in the afternoon at, “La Bonte”, Creek. an accident which afterwards resulted in death occured [blank space] Just at the camp ground Br Thos Fishers waggon having having Suddenly gone [blank space] down a hill his daughter Georgina aged 8 years, being a sleep in the waggon fell [blank space] out. The wheel of the waggon having gone over her, Blood came from her ears and [blank space]. She died on the following morning at 3 oClock. Sister Sarah was intered at this Creek. The mail from G[reat]. S[alt]. Lake City, passed at 9 oClock at night. there is a good river here with plenty of clear runing water in it, also an a bundance of wood, but little Grass, it is a good chance to camp. there is also a settler living here, but it would appear he has not got much to trade!
20th Wednesday: day fine & warm, we did not roll untill late in the afternoon. we crossed La Bonte Creek and camped 3 miles the otherside feed being some what better for the cattle. a Merchant train passed going to the states from G.S. L. [Great Salt Lake] City, a young man a Brother from there was also traveling with them!
21st Thursday. Morning warm. Brother Fishers Child was buried previous to us starting this morning. The grief of the parents on this occasion can be better Understood than expressed as the child was interesting, being well educated and and nicely accomplished for her years! We rolled at 7½ A.M. at 2 miles distance Crossed Branch of La Bonte. steep banks and no water plenty of wood. the road is covered with Red sand for the last mile. we continued up and down hill for 6¼ miles further and nooned at a dry Creek, a little timber, no Grass and no water. we started again at 1½ P.M. one mile beyond this we ascended another Bluff, but the Road is straight and good[.] toads with horns and tails inhabit this place[.] at 5¼ miles beyond this we crossed another small Creek, and at ½ mile crossed another Very small Creek no chance for camping here, the road runs down the channel of this Creek near 200 yards, but there is little Grass on it, at 1½ miles beyond this we crossed, A La Prele River And, camped the other side, good rapid currant of water here, plenty of wood but little grass land between Creeks Mostly sandy. we met here between 20 & 30 of the sheyenes [Cheyenne] Indians all on horseback. They camped with us all night. And were very free And seemed peacable! (we drove to day 16½ miles)
22nd Friday. Morning Very dark And blowing[.] we rolled at 7½ A.M. Came up a Bluff and at 4¼ miles crossed a small Creek, bad place to camp. Water doubtful after another mile crossed Box Elder Creek. Steep Banks. Clear runing water. Some timber, not much, we drove 3¼ miles beyond this and nooned at Fourche Boise River, clear water and plenty, Grass and timber. we here met Elder John Taylor with a company of Brethern from Salt Lake, going on Missions to the states. they had 10 waggons. And seemed in good health. at 1½ oClock, we yoked to and at 4 miles met North. Fork of Platte River, and at 5 miles Crossed Deer Creek, and camped for the night after a drive of 17½ miles, one wheel of a waggon was broke coming down the Bluff at North Fork of Platte river. there is plenty of wood at Deer Creek good feed for cattle, Clear runing water and some good Fish in it,
Saturday 23. day fine. the waggon wheel was made to day And we let our cattle rest And rolled 2 miles in the afternoon and camped on the Banks of the River. we had some rain, thunder and lightening at dark!
24th Sunday, day warm and the road dusty. we rolled at 7½ A.M. at ½ mile distance we crossed a deep hollow with a high bank and at 5¾ miles met a Sudden bend in the road to avoid a deep ravine. there is a grove of timber on the banks of the river opposite this place, it is a good chance to camp. at 2 miles beyond here we camped at noon at, Crooked Muddy Creek. it is not good to cross being deep, nice clear runing water, no wood and little grass. we Rolled in the afternoon and at 5¾ miles crossed, Muddy Creek, soft Banks and bad to cross And little grass, after this we met a good but Crooked road for 2¾ miles[.] we came down a deep gulf and camped on the edge of the river. grass being good after a drive of 16 ¾ miles one ox gave out and had to be turned into the loose herd, and 2 oxen had been found by a sister & a Brother
25th Monday. day fine but blowing and the roads disagreeably dusty[.] we rolled at 7½ A.M. and traveled a mile & half and crossed a Creek, and one mile beyond this Crossed Muddy Creek, a stream of runing water. no place to camp. and at 3 miles distance from here we crossed 2 ravines close together, opposite here there is a fording place, where companies generally have forded the river[.] there is also a traders store and Blacksmith shop here. we traveled on 3 miles to another Creek and nooned, it is 5 feet wide runing water and some fish in it. we here met a party of the Crow Indians on horses. When yoking to again in the afternoon[,] one ox droped down and shortly after died, this is the first ox that died on our Journey[.] we traveled 1½ miles further and crossed the north Fork of the Platte River and camped for the night after a drive of 10 miles. This is a good chance to camp although at this Season of the year grass is bad, but sufficient, wood Can be had!
26th Tuesday. We rolled at 7 A.M. The day was fine and warm. we took the road to the left traveling the river edge, ascending high bluffs for 6 miles, but the road for this distance is firm and good, we here went down a Bluff, the steep of which is between two and three hundred feet, but it is sandy and not very dangerous to waggons[.] we traveled 4 miles further crossing steep ravines close to the river and a Sandy road[.] we nooned on the left of the road on a bench of grass. one mile beyond this we left the Platte river[,] crossed a Creek and two ravines and camped 6 miles out on the Prairies where the old road that leaves the crossing of the Platte Joins this one (the New). we found good feed for cattle. but no water, we drove to day 17 miles!
27th Wednesday, we rolled at 6½ A.M. ascended a high Bluff, and down rock Avenue a steep descent (the road here passes between high Rocks forming a kind of Avenue or gateway for a quarter of a mile at the foot of which we cross the “Alkali Swamps and Springs[”].) This ought to be avoided as a camping ground. it is a small Valley surrounded by high Bluffs. The land exceeding miry and smells bad. There is a Creek North West, of good water. No timber and little grass[.] Next mile rough road[.] at 4 miles from this we met a small stream of clear spring water, good camping place[,] some grass but no wood except wild sage, and that is plenty a long here. at 2¾ miles beyond this stream we met, Willow Spring; on the west side of the road at the foot of willow bushes. Water cold and good but Creek some miry. we then ascended “Prospect Hill,[”] (Summit:) 1 mile, pleasant View of the surrounding Country to the Sweet Water Mountains, we crossed a slough at the Bottom of the Hill. we traveled 2 1 miles on and camped on the Edge of a nice clear runing stream on the South side of the road, some good fish in it. good grass and plenty of wild sage for firing. one ox gave out and was turned into the loose herd. (we drove 17 miles to day)
28th Thursday. Morning fine we rolled at 8 A.M. and at 2 miles crossed a slough between 200 and 300 yards wide, ascended a high hill and at 1¾ miles crossed a small Creek and at 2½ miles passed a small Creek left of the road. Grass good. Water doubtful, and River, clear water and no wood. The road runs along side this Creek for ½ mile at 1¾ miles beyond this we met Grease-Wood Creek. plenty of water, little Grass and no fuel except sage wood[.] We nooned at this Creek. in the afternoon we traveled 8½ miles along a heavy sandy road passing Alkali Springs and Lakes. about one mile from the Sweet water is the Saleraetus [Saleratus] lakes both sides of the road. Land swampy and smells bad. Water Poisonous. here Emigrants gather saleraetus to do them for along time[.] We camped on the Edge of the river after a drive of 17 miles!
29th Friday. day warm as in the month of August we did not roll untill 11 A.M. in Consequence of the feed for our cattle being good and after crossing the Desert we found them wanting food and strength. at 2 miles we past a settlers house and Independance [Independence] Rock. This is a Massive Rock with the Names of Numerous Visitors written on it[.] there is another settlers place and a Bridge nearly complete across the River at the Back of the Rock. at ¾ mile we forded the River[.] we here met a Sandy road for 5¼ miles to the Devil’s Gate. we here pass through two Rocks a little west of the road. The River here passes between perpendicular Rocks four Hundred feet high—This is a curiosity worthy of a travelers notice[.] at ½ a mile we crossed a Creek about two feet wide and at ½ mile beyond this we Cross another Creek about 6 feet wide[.] there is a settlers place here. we traveled 2 miles along the River and camped for the night having drove 11 miles!
30th Saturday day fine. We Rolled at 8 A.M. we traveled 4¼ miles crossed a deep ravine plenty Grass, no Wood, we crossed another Creek at ¾ mile no water in it and at 3 miles beyond this where the road leaves the river[,] we nooned. in the afternoon the road was heavy and sandy. And passed an Alkali Lake on the left of the Road and crossed a high Bluff, difficult to go over. we rolled on 5¼ mile to sage Creek and Camped at sun set. Wild sage is plentiful[.] Grass bad. high banks. one axeltree was Broke. the teamster having left the cattle, they suddenly turned round and broke it right off[.] we drove 13¼ miles to day! President Campbell held a council meeting in the Evining and appointed Brother Richard Cook to start in the following morning to go to Green River and meet our Brethern from Salt Lake whom we have been informed are there waiting for us, but would not come on in Consequence of the Reports of the Indians being hostile on the way. he has received full Authority to lay the condition of our camp before them And according to their Strength intreat them to come on to meet us. The Brethern in camp who has loose cattle in the herd made Brother James Works “(Captain of the same)” a present of a Buffalo robe and 6 Dollars for his care and attention to their cattle!
1st October Sunday. Morning fine but very blowing. one ox belonging to Bro. Ballif was got dead this morning having been killed and part eaten by the Wolves. they have been constant Visitors to herd and camp for several nights past. in the forenoon the axeltree that was broke on the previous day was replaced and the tires of 4 Wheels was set. Elder Richard Cook took his departure this morning for Green River according to his appointment on the previous night. We rolled at 4 P.M. and drove 4 miles to a Creek. No Water in it, but this river runs close to the road[.] we camped for the night feed for cattle being good!
2nd Monday. We found this morning another ox dead belonging to Brother Kendall[.] he was a beautiful . we could not tell the cause of his death except drinking bad Water. We rolled at 8 A.M. at ¼ miles we crossed a high gravelly Bluff and 1½ beyond this we crossed Bitter Cotton Creek no water & no grass, but a little timber.[blank space] After this the road leaves the river for 6¼ miles where we nooned, it is generally sandy and a heavy road. we crossed the River leaving the old road and traveling between the Rockey [Rocky] Ridges for 1½ miles[.] after this we forded the river twice within half a mile of each other. it is astonishing to See all the names of the Visitors Written on the rocks as we pass a long[.] the[y] are quite numerous. We camped at five oClock shortly after the last crossing having drove 12 miles to day[.] feed for cattle good!
3rd Tuesday. this morning we found 2 oxen dead one belonging to Bro. Kindall [Kendall] and the other belonging to Bro [William Richard] Kingsford. day fine we rolled at 8 A.M. and traveled 8 miles where we nooned after fording the Sweetwater, The road for 6 miles was heavey And sandy. no feed for cattle at this fording. in the afternoon we crossed 3 hills having three deep descents principally sandy and heavy traveling[.] after 6 miles we camped at Ice Spring having drove 14 miles. This is a low swampy spot of land[.] feed for cattle good but no water, except in two Alkali Lakes not fit to drink!
4th Wednesday. we had a severe frost last night. Ice this morning was one inch thick on the water. a cow of Bro. Fishers was attacked by the wolves early this morning, and before the guards Could get to her assistance was considerably injured. we rolled at 8 A.M. day fine, but blowing. we took the road to the left, ascended a high bluff and after a short time crossed a runing stream of water (not good) passed some mountainears, went down a deep descent at the Sweetwater and nooned having traveled 10½ miles. grass bad[,] plenty of water and willow bushes. in the afternoon, forded the river at ¼ mile distance[,] crossed a dry Creek, ascended high Bluffs for 1½ miles, went down the ascent which is gradual though steep in some places And camped on the bank of the river having drove 14 miles to day, one Cow of Mr. [John] Lawtons had to be left behind, as she was not able to travel and one wheel of Bro. Fishers Waggon was broke as it was coming in on the camp ground, this is a good place to camp and continue so for 6½ miles plenty of grass, water And Sage for firing.
5th Thursday. Morning fine. Br. Fishers waggon wheel was made this morning the Carpenters here having worked the greater part of the night, the bands of several wheels was also set[.] we rolled 2½ P.M. ascended a bluff and then took the river road it being dry and firm and shorter, and also avoids crossing a high Sandy Ridge, at ½ mile we forded the river, and at ½ mile beyond this we forded it again and after another half mile we crossed a stream, which appears to be a branch of the river running round a piece of land about ¼ mile wide. 3 miles beyond this we crossed a Creek 2 feet wide. then a good Cold Spring to the right of the road and a soft swamp below, but it is a good place to camp[.] we traveled on 2 miles further and camped where the road leaves the river having drove 6½ miles[.] this Evening Bro.Campbell found 2 oxen at the camp ground. this is a good place to camp plenty of water[,] sage and willows but there is little or no grass at this Season!
6th Friday, Morning dark and cold. we rolled at 8 A.M. ascended hills in Succession for 2½ miles[.] Crossed the Rough rockey ridges, which are Very dangerous to waggons, and ought to be crossed with care at the End of 3 Miles (after this) crossed a soft Swamp and Very and very, small Creek (it is no place to camp)[.] at 1¾ miles we crossed another Creek, and at ¼ of a mile we crossed another Creek 2 feet wide, we nooned here for two hours. there is no grass[,] little water and some Sages at this Creek[.] in the afternoon we rolled 2 miles crossed Strawberry Creek which is five feet wide, plenty of water[,] little grass and Some Willows. There is a poplar grove about one mile below. it is a good place to camp. we traveled another mile and crossed quaking Aspen Creek. This was in a Small grove of timber on the South side of the road, but is not Safe to depend on for water; at 2¾ miles beyond this we Struck a Branch of the Sweetwater where [we] camped at Sun Set. This water is good and plenty of Willows but there is no feed. The grass having been all eaten up, it appears to be a rondeavuix for all the Emigrants that passed this Season. Bro. Ballif left an ox behind to day it not being able to travel. We traveled 13¼ miles to day!
7th Saturday. day fine we did not roll Untill 10 A.M. traveled 2¼ miles Crossed Willow Creek[.] This is a good camping place for Water grass And Willows. we rolled on 4¾ miles and Crossed the Sweet-Water and camped at 2 P.M. for the night having drove 7 miles our cattle want feed and Some rest. The road for the last 13 miles has been tolerably good, Bro. [Thomas William] Brewerton Captain of the guard found an ox on the road!
8th Sunday. Morning warm. we did not roll Untill 10¼ A.M. we ascended a hill after which we found a good road, we met at noon Bro. Cook who had gone to meet the Brethern at Green river from Salt Lake Valley, he having met them on his way[.] the[y] came back with him. we past through the South Pass or summit of dividing Ridge. This is the dividing Ridge between the Waters of the Atlantic And Pacific, beyond this we met Pacific Creek And Springs. we crossed the Creek and rolled another mile and then camped with our Valley Brethern for the night having having rolled 15¼ miles to day. there is good feed[,] plenty of good water And an abundance of Sage for fuel along this Creek. Bro. Fisher had to leave an ox behind that gave out; but he found another on the way[.] In the evening Bro Campbell called a meeting of the camp at which he read the following letter of instructions from President Brigham Young to Capt Bro Samuel Gates.
Great Salt Lake CitySept 5th,Sept 1854
Instruction to Capts of the companies now going back to assist the Saints to reach the Settlements in Utah! Brother Captain Samuel Gates, you will have full charge of all that pertains to the company placed Under your care, And must be responsible for the Same. You will not extend any assistance in Men. teams, Waggons, or Provisions Untill you reach the rear companies Unless otherwise directed by Elders E. T. Benson, Horace S. Eldrige [Eldredge] or Ira Eldrige [Eldredge].
The flower [flour] and other Provisions sent back, belong to individuals, And those who are benefitted by them must pay for the Same. on receipt or arrange to do so at Some future time as the parties may agree. Flour is worth 6 cents p lb in this Market and ½ or 2 cents advance plb [per pound] for each 100 miles it is hauled back is thought to be reasonably moderate, and Equal under all the Circumstances; The captains in charge of the return companies are considered capable and responsible and it is expected that they will not be interfered with in carrying out these instructions Unto Such as they may receive from Elder Benson and they[,] Bros. Eldrige [Eldredge]. This is absolutely necessary for the Sake of order Union, and efficient aid to all who need, The relief of Jaded animals must be so managed that fast ones be not put in the same team with those which are weary. When fresh animals are detailed to the assistance of any one all Such animals must be allowed to be under the Strict care and overSight of Such person as the Capt of the company they are detailed from shall direct. When aid is rendered a L13 or P[erpetual]. E[migrating]. fund company the business will be transacted between the captain thereof and the Captain of a return company which will enable the Capt of a L13 or P.E. Fund Company to understand and properly manage all the business of such company. And he will be held responsible for All assistance furnished his company.
As a few Indians have lately gone into the Mountains east of Provo, City With rather hostile feelings; And as a matter of good policy at all times it is presumed you will be all watchful, Vigilant, active, and United in the discharge of every duty. And your way will be mad[e] pleasant, your families and Animals strong and the Elements controled for your good in so much that you will all reach these Valleys with out Suffering unduly by hardships or Severe cold Weather.
Regulate your traveling and camping with the best Judgement compatible with the nature of the ground and the condition of your animals, that no time be lost or idled away and that you may preserve all your Animals if possible. And in reasonably good condition.
Praying for all needful blessings to attend youI remain your Brother in the GospelBrigham Young!
After reading the above Bro Campbell deeply impressed on the Brethern the necessity of strictly adhearing to the Council of the first Presidency of the Church! The cattle which came to our assistance were then disposed of as follows, Bro. Fisher 2 yoke of oxen and l man, Bro W. Kendall 2 yoke and 1 man. Bro. Ballif 3 yoke and 1 man[;] Bro.Byrnes [Moses Byrne] 2 yoke, Bro [Abraham] Marchant 1 ox[;] Bro [William R.] Kingsford 2 yoke and Brother Babbington [Thomas Bebbington] 1 yoke of Bro Kingsford!
9th Monday. day fine we rolled at 12 A.M. Some delay was made this morning on account of the alterations in the teams. we took the new route to the left hand and traveled 12 miles and camped at a good runing Stream of Water. Mountain feed for cattle good, plenty of Sage for fuel.
10th Tuesday. day fine. we rolled at 11 A.M. at a distance of 4 miles crossed Mud Creek. Water good, and at 5 miles beyond this crossed Saleraetus [Saleratus] Creek[.] Water good but doubtful for Water at Seasons of the year. We traveled 2 miles further and Crossed a dry Creek[.] we drove 2 more and camped at sun set for the night having rolled 13 miles to day[.] good Mountain feed a bundance of Sage. Bro. [Henry] Savage’s waggon received some injury passing over the last Creek but was repared so as it could travel again. Sister [Emily] Hawks was confined on the road of a Son. Mother and baby are doing well!
11th Wednesday. We rolled at 8 A.M. day fine[.] at 1 mile from camp ground, we left the road and took a new one to the left founded by Bro. Samuel Gates. the road is generally Sandy, we camped at 3 P.M. at Big Sandy river, having drove 14 miles to day[.] Mountain feed good plenty of water and Sage for fuel, one of the Valley Brethern found 2 oxen which appeared to have been in the Bluffs Some time!
12th Thursday. We rolled at 9½ A.M. forded the river[,] ascended a high Sandy Bluff and at 2 miles met the old road[.] we also met 5 waggons of Mountainears going to the States. we traveled the old road for ½ mile[.] we here met 2 Branches to the left from the old road, the centre one took it is new and generally Sandy[.] at 4 miles from the first crossing we forded Big Sandy again[.] one of Bro. Fishers waggon wheels was broke coming into the river, it is not bad to ford; we here ascended a Bluff and rolled 8 miles and camped at Kayon [canyon] and a large Sandy Hill[.] the road for the last eight miles is Sandy and the latter part uneaven to roll over as a Number of water marks are in the ground. we found good mountain feed. day has been warm[.] we traveled 12 Miles!
13th Friday. We rolled at 9 A.M. we had to double teams to ascend the Bluff at ¼ mile we crossed a deep ravine. And then found a Sandy road but generally ascending Untill we came to Green River which [is] 4 miles, a deep descent going down to the river, Stoney and gravelly, we forded the river and nooned for some time[.] there is a Settler living here he principally gets his goods from Salt Lake Valley[.] in the afternoon we rolled 6 miles and camped on the Prairies. good mountain feed. And Sage for fuel, we traveled 10 miles to day! the middle part of the day was as warm and the air as still as we would find in July!
14th Saturday, we rolled at 8 ½ A.M. Morning fine. the nights are generally cold and frosty, we crossed Several Steep places. Met a party of the Snake Indians and rolled to Black’s Fork river. we nooned for ½ hour[,] watered our cattle and then rolled on to Hams Fork river[.] this is a nice place to camp . good feed[,] plenty of willows and delightful Water[.] we traveled 15 miles to day!
15th Sunday. Morning fine we rolled at 10 A.M. Crossed Blacks river again and then met Some uneaven road for 10 miles[.] Crossed a dry Creek and traveled on for 2 miles and camped at the third Crossing of Black’s Fork. we rolled 15 miles to day[.] two oxen had to be left behind, not being able to travel!
16th Monday. We rolled at 10½ A.M. we forded the river and at 2¼ miles Crossed Black’s Fork a fourth time, we forded again at 2¾ miles a nice runing Stream and at 3½ miles more we nooned at a dry Creek, in the afternoon we rolled 4½ miles and Camped on the Banks of the river found plenty of good grass[,] Willows, and wild Sage[.] we traveled 13 miles and camped before Sun down [.] Bro Gates found an ox which appears to be considerably worn out!
17th Tuesday. day warm. Bro Gates with Some of the Valley Brethern have left to go with flour to Fort. Supply and our cattle being tired, we remained to rest them[.] in the afternoon we rolled 5 miles passing Fort Bridger and camping one mile beyond it. we Crossed 4 Creeks within ½ mile of the fort and ½ mile beyond the Fort we crossed 3 others. this is a good place to camp. Grass[,] Willows and Water is quite plenty. One waggon belonging to Bro. [Phillip] Laby was turned right over into the water Crossing a Creek at the Fort.
18th Wednesday. day fine we did not roll Untill 12 A.M. we rolled 6 miles to a Small Creek and Springs. the road is good and plenty of Cedar each Side of the Road. Bro. R[ichard]. Cook left to day for Great Salt Lake, having got a chance to go by mules teams. one ox belonging to Sister [Marian] Pons died this Evening. this Creek is bad to Cross being a deep ascent and soft on the Bottom!
19th Thursday. we rolled at 9 A.M. ascended a Bluff Crossed a runing stream. ascended a high ridge, descent dangerous being long and deep and the road full of cobble stones and rocks[.] we nooned at a runing Stream at the Bottom. day quite warm. we then rolled on to Muddy fork[.] This is a large, stream of good Water[,] plenty of Willows and grass, it is a good place to camp[.] we water our cattle here having traveled 7 miles to day, we passed a waggon and 5 or 6 men here going to the States. we rolled 3¾ miles further and passed Copperas or Soda Spring left of the road at the foot of the hill[.] we then ascended a high ridge for 1¾ miles the road is good but tedious. we rolled 1½ miles on top of the hill and camped for the night having drove 14 miles to day[.] two oxen have been found. There is a Soda or Copperas Spring reported to be on this hill[.] feed good[.] plenty of sage for fuel!
20th Friday. it rained last night and a total change has taken place in the weather[.] it is much milder and very pleasant for traveling, we rolled at 10 A.M. ascended our highest hill being 7,700 above the Level of the Sea[.] at 4 miles we past a Spring on South Side of the road Surrounded by Quaking Aspen[.] a little lower we passed one on North Side and also one on the South Side[.] a stream now runs along the Valley by the edge of the Road for about 4 miles. the descent is narrow[,] Crooked[,] and Very steep. The road is Crooked between the mountains Untill we come to Sulphur Creek[.] after crossing the Creek, we camped ¾ miles on the edge[.] this place abounds with Springs and also a tar spring. we drove 11¾ miles to day!
21st Saturday. day fine we rolled at 9 A.M. was obliged to double teams to ascend the high hill[.] descend [descent] is also bad[.] we ford Bear river at the end of 1 mile. we passed Numerous Springs and Creeks Untill we came to Yellow Creek[.] we camped here water good and plentiful[,] also feed good[.] we passed a number of dead oxen for the last two days[.] The road was lined with them in Some places. we rolled 11½ miles to day!
22 Sunday. day warm we rolled at 9 A.M. ascend a high ridge for 1¾ miles the descent is also pretty Steep. passed Several Springs and nooned at the head of Cache Cave and head of Echo Creek[.] we rolled on passed Several Cold Springs and Crossing a Creek a number of times that runs a long here. we camped at a Deep Ravine having rolled to day 12 M¼ miles[.] it is a good place to camp any place along here[.] a couppling pole of Bro Marchants Waggon was broke!
23 Monday. day pleasent for traveling[.] we rolled at 9 A.M. Crossed Echo Creek a number of times and passed through a beautiful Willow Glen and arrived at the Red Fork of Weber River. There is a Settler living here. we camped a mile down on the edge of the river[.] this Kanyon runs for upwards of 20 miles[.] two waggons did not arrive at the Camp Untill next day[,] their teams having failed[.] we traveled 15 miles to day! Bro Kingsfords waggon was turned right over coming down the Kanyon but not much injured. the loose herd took a stampeed shortly after Starting in the morning!
24th Tuesday we rolled at 9½ A.M. morning fine at 3 miles we forded Weber River[.] good to cross [and] water swift and plenty of timber[.] there is also elegant spotted trout in the river[.] we traveled through Pratts Pass and nooned a Creek at the foot of the hill. in the Evening we crossed the Creek and ascended the hill. it is bad to pass and dangerous to waggons on account of stumps of trees and rocks being in the road, Summit of hill 2½ miles. the country west looks rough and mountainous. the descent is Unpleasent, being mostly on the side of a hill[.] at 1¾ mile beyond this we passed a Small creek left of the road, it is a good place to camp. we then passed through a Kanyon which is dangerous to pass through Untill we came to Kanyon [Canyon] Creek where we camped for the night having rolled 14 miles to day. a coupling of Bro Labby’s [Laby’s] waggon was broke!
25th Wednesday. day dark and cool we rolled at 10 A.M. we crossed Kanyon [Canyon] Creek thirteen times. besides two bad swamps. the road is very dangerous to waggons on account of high bushes and stumps in the road, and also short turns. at the last crossing being 8 miles Bro Thos Fisher had a small wheel of one of his waggons broke. here we turned to the right and commenced to ascend the highest hill we cross in the whole Journey. we rolled 2 miles up and camped for the night[.] the road is Very dangerous to waggons being narrow and full of rocks and timber on the side Hills[.] a stream runs down which we cross a number of times there are also Side Springs in several places that runs a little way, and then sinks into the earth
26th Thursday. Mourning [morning] fine but blowing. we rolled at 9 A.M. ascended the Summit of the hill being 2 miles More. we then had a View of the South part of the Valley of the G[reat]. S[alt]. Lake. the descent is steep lengthy and tedious on account of stumps in the road. we passed through a forest of small timber and came to Browns Creek. This is a good place to camp[.] at 2¾ miles beyond this there is a good Cold Spring on the Same Creek[.] we rolled on to the foot of the last mountain and camped for the night having drove 8 miles to day!
27th Friday. we had a snow storm last night with a Severe frost[.] the morning is dreadful Cold[.] we commenced to ascend the hill 9 A.M. but on account of the Snow we had to Double and redouble teams and it was not untill late in the Evening when all the waggons got a cross the hill. it is one mile to the summit and the road is Crooked, the descent is al[s]o Crooked and Very steep. we rolled down the Kanyon 3 miles Crossing the Creek Several times[,] passed two camping places and camped for the night at the third[.] one of Bro. [Abraham] Marchant waggons was turned right over and considerably injured. the tongue of Bro Campbells waggon was also broke[.] this Creek and Kanyon is bad to pass through and requires great care in teamsters[.] we rolled 5 miles to day.
28th Saturday. Morning fine we rolled at 9 A.M. And entered the Valley of the G[reat]. S[alt]. Lake, a View of which we have patiently endured every thing to obtain, our camp halted for some time to arrange some business Matters. at the Close of which President Campbell addressed the people. and said he felt happy that all arrived safe and in good condition and as a camp they were good People and that he is highly pleased with them[.] And also that they Should always have his prayers and blessing[.] he concluded after a lengthy speech Praying that the blessing of heaven might reach upon each one in the camp after they would Seperate stating that his Presidency would cease when he would Correll [corral] them on the north side of the City. Bro [Jabez] Wood[w]ard then addressed the People and impressed upon their minds the Care, attention. and anxiety manifested by Bro Campbell for the good of the camp Since we first started[.] At the close of which an Unanimous Vote of thanks was passed to Bro Campbell! Bro Campbell then passed a Vote of thanks to Bros Captain Gates, Byrnes and thos[e] brethern who assisted them on the way to Meet us. the camp then rolled and was Corrilled [corraled] in the afternoon for the last time[.] we rolled 7 miles to day!
Note if mistakes or omissions have occured in the History of our traveling and Journey a cross the plains, I hope the[y] will be looked over in as much as my time was considerably limited having to attend to my own waggon and teams all the way through.
A Table of distances
Traveled by a company of the British Saints from Prarie encampment West Port. State of Missouri to Great Salt Lake City. Commencing July 18th 1854. Robert Campbell President
Tuesd. July 18, traveled from Prairie Camp to Indian Creek, 10 miles
Weds. 19, remained still waiting for waggons to come up,
Thursd. 20, traveled to Cedar Creek, 12 miles
Frid. 21, traveled to Bull Creek, 10 miles
Sat. 22, traveled to Spybalk or Mud Creek, 8 miles
Sund. 23, traveled to Walkarussia Creek, 7 miles
Mond. 24, Crossed the Creek remained all day to make a wheel,—47 miles for week
Tuesd. 25, traveled, 7 miles
Wednes 26, traveled to Big Springs, 15 miles
Thurs. 27, traveled to Wetstone Creek, 15 miles
Frid 28, Crossed Shongonon Creek, traveled to Caw River, 7 miles
Sat. 29, Crossed by Ferry boat the Caw River travelled, 4 miles
Sund. 30, Traveled to Cross Creek, 9 miles
Mond. 31, Traveled, camped on the Prairie, 14 miles, 71 miles for week
Tuesd. 1st Augt., Traveled to Lost Creek, 6 miles
Wedns. 2, remained still repairing Waggons
Thurs. 3, Crossed Vermillion Creek 3 times, traveled 15 miles
Frid. 4, Crossed Rock Creek, traveled 22 miles
Sat. 5, Traveled to Black Vermillion Creek, 6 miles
Sund. 6, remained still to make a wheel
Mond. 7, Crossed Muskattee Creek, traveled to Dry Blue, 16 miles, 65 for week
Carried forward, 183 miles
Tues. 8th, Remained still repairing Waggons
Wed. 9th, traveled to Snake or Soldier Creek, 15 miles
Thurs. 10, Remained still to make a wheel
Frid. 11, Traveled to Turkey or Rock Creek, 25 miles
Sat. 12, Traveled to Big Sandy Creek, 15 miles
Sund. 13, Traveled to Little Sandy Creek, 14 miles
Mond. 14, remained still met Erastus Snow & some Brethern from Salt Lake, 69 miles for week
Tuesd. 15, Traveled to Little Blue River, 17 miles
Wednes. 15, Traveled along the river, 16 miles
Thurs. 17, Traveled along the river, 15 miles
Frid. 18, Traveled to 32 Mile Creek, 12 miles
Sat. 19, Traveled to the Platte River, 25 miles
Sund. 20, traveled along the river, 5 miles
Mond. 21, traveled to Fort Kearny, 4 miles, 94 miles for week
Tuesd. 22, waggons are repairing at Fort, 3 miles
Wednesd. 23, late in the evening when waggons finished we traveled 4 miles
Thurs. 24, traveled, 16 miles
Frid. 25, Traveled, 14 miles
Sat. 26, traveled along the river, 18 miles
Sund. 27, traveled do. do, 18 miles
Mond. 28, traveled 18 miles
Tuesd. 29, traveled (about 5 miles from river), 22 miles
Carried forward, 252 miles
Wedns. 30, Traveled to Edge of river, 12 miles
Thursd. 31, traveled (met Sheyenes [Cheyenne] Indians[)], 22 miles
Frid. 1st Sept, traveled, Bro. Taylors Company came up, 15 miles
Sat. 2, Crossed South Fork of the Platte, 13 miles
Sund. 3, traveled to Ash hollow, 18 miles
Mond. 4, got extra axeltrees & spokes, traveled 5 miles, 107 for week
Tuesd. 5, traveled through heavy sand, 12 miles
Wedns 6, traveled (heavy sand), 12 miles
Thurs. 7, traveled, 15 miles
Frid. 8, passed Court House Rock, traveled 14 miles
Sat. 9, passed Chimney Rock, traveled 18 miles
Sund. 10, morning wet, traveled 3 miles
Mond. 11, traveled (crossed Robadues [Robideaux’s] old Post[)], 15 miles, 89 for week
Tuesd. 12, traveled to Horse Creek, 9 miles
Wednsd. 13, traveled 16 miles
Thursd. 14, traveled to the river, 14 miles
Frid 15, passed Fort Laramie, traveled 12 miles
Sat. 16, traveled a cross black Hills, 18 miles
Sund. 17, traveled to the river, 6 miles
Mond. 18, traveled 13 miles, 88 miles for week
Tues. 19, traveled to La Bonte Creek, 20 miles
Wedns. 20, traveled 3 miles
Thurs 21, traveled to La Prele River, 16½ miles
Frid. 22, traveled to Deer Creek, 17½ miles
Sat. 23, made a wheel, traveled 2 miles
Sund. 24, traveled to the river, 16¾ miles
Carried fd, 284 miles
Mond. 25, Crossed North Fork of the Platte, 10 miles, 85¾ for week
Tues. 26, traveled (left the river camped on Prairie, 17 miles
Weds. 27, traveled, 17 miles
Thursd. 28, traveled to the Sweet Water river 17 miles
Frid. 29, Passed through devils gate, traveled 11 miles
Sat. 30, traveled 13¼ miles
Sund. 1st Oct., repaired waggons, traveled 4 miles
Mond. 2, Forded River 3 times, traveled 12 miles, 91¼ miles for week
Tuesd. 3, forded River, traveled to Ice Spring, 14 miles
Weds. 4, Forded Sweetwater, traveled 14 miles
Thurs. 5, Made a wheel, forded river twice, traveled 6½ miles, Road leaves the river
Frid. 6, traveled to a Branch of Sweetwater, 13¼ miles
Sat. 7, Traveled to Sweetwater, 7 miles
Sund. 8, Passed through South Pass, traveled to day 15¼ miles, Pacific Creek
Mond. 9, traveled the new road, camped at a spring, 12 miles, 82 miles for week
Tuesday, 10, traveled, camped on the Prairies, 13 miles
Wedns 11, traveled to Big Sandy River, 14 miles
Thurs. 12, Traveled 12 miles
Frid. 13, Crossed Green river, traveled 10 miles
Sat. 14, Traveled to Hams Fork river, 15 miles
Sund. 15, Traveed to the third Crossing Black Fork, 15 miles
Mond. 16, Traveled 13 miles, 92 miles for week
Tuesd. 17, Traveled, Past Fort Bridger, 5 miles
Wedns 18, traveled to Small creek and springs, 6 miles
Thurs. 19, traveled to summit of Hill, 14 miles
Frid. 20, Traveled to Sulphir [Sulphur] Creek, 11¾ miles
Sat. 21st Octr., Traveled to Yellow Creek, 11½ miles
Sund. 22, Traveled to a deep Ravine past Echo , 12¼
Mond. 23, Traveled to Weber River, 15 miles, 75½ miles for week
Tuesd. 24, Traveled to Kanyon Creek, 14 miles
Weds. 25, Traveled to and part of Highest hill, 10 miles
Thurs. 26, Traveled to foot of Little Mountain, 8 miles
Frid. 27, Traveled Part of Last Kanyon, 5 miles
Sat. 27, Traveled to G. S. L. City, 7 miles, 44 miles for week
1st Weeks travel (miles), 47
2nd Weeks Travel, 71
3rd Weeks Travel, 65
4th Weeks Travel, 69
5th Weeks Travel, 94
6th Weeks Travel, 89
7th Weeks Travel, 107
8th Weeks Travel, 89
9th Weeks Travel, 88
10th Weeks Travel, 85¾
11th Weeks Travel, 91¼
12th Weeks Travel, 82
13th Weeks Travel, 92
14th Weeks Travel, 75½
Part of 15th Weeks Travel, 44
Total, 1189½ miles
July 1854, R. (L.) Campbells Emigrating Company Journal, Copied
Report of the ordinary Company of the British Emigration of Latter day Saints. Robert Campbell president, Richard Cook & Jabez Woodard Councillors. Made out at Fort Kearney 22 Augt 1854. by Thomas Sutherland, Clerke
1. Robert Campbell, (President), Scotland, age 29, 2 waggons, 8 oxen, 3 Cows, 1 Horse, 2 Hens
2. Mary Stuart [Stewart] Campbell, Scotland, age 25
3. John Stuart [Stewart], Scotland, age 14
4. Alexander Campbell, Scotland, age 13
5. Elizabeth Jorden [Jordan], Scotland, age 53
6. Colin Lindsay, Scotland, age 22
7. William Foreman, Scotland, 20
8 James Works, Capt of Loose herd, New York, age 32
9 Richard Cook, Capt of 1st ten, England, age 32, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
10 James Barnes, England, age 36
11 Isabella Rothwell, England, age 29
12 Robert Rothwell, England, age 3
13 Thos. William Brewerton, Capt of Guard, England, age 29, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 1 Cow
14 Sarah Anne Brewerton, England, age 25
15 Eliza Brewerton, England, age 3
16 Charles Brewerton, England, age 22
17 Margaret Webster, Scotland, age 23
18 Ralph Bowman, England, age 47
19 Anna Bowman, England, age 35
20 Anne Kansas Bowman, America, 3 months Totals 4 waggons, 16 oxen, 4 Cows, 1 horse, 2 hens
21 William Kendall, England, age 26, 2 waggons, 8 oxen, 1 Cow
22 Johanna Kendall, England, age 27
23 Hannah Peek, England, age 40
24 Charles Higham, England, age 30
25 Jane Higham, England, age 30
26 Mary Jane Higham, America, age 6 months
27 Edwin Davidson, England, age 17
28 John Mead, England, age 33, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
29 Georrge Thompson, England, age 27
30 Francis Thompson, England, age 27
31 Emma Thompson, England, age 4
32 Moses Byrne, England, age 34, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 1 Cow, 1 calf & 1 dog
33 Thomas Hawks, England, age 32, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 1 cow
34 Emily Hawks, England, age 30
35 Samuel Hawks, born England, age 4½
36 Emily Hawks, England, age 2
37 John Fraith, England, age 61, 1 waggon, 6 oxen, 2 cows, 1 horse
38 Emma Fraith, England, age 22
39 John Bate, England, age 63
40 George Denton, England, age 23
41 Magaret Denton, England, age 23
42 Henry Savage, England, age 45, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 2 oxen are Joint Stock of Bro. Greenwoods
43 Sarah Savage, England, age 33 Total 7 waggons, 30 oxen, 4 Cows, 1 horse, 1 calf & 1 dog
44 Rosana [Sarah Rosina] Savage, England, age 10
45 Kezie [Keziah] Savage, England, age 6
46 Morina [Morini] Savage, England, age 4
47 Jemiah [Jemima] Savage, England, age 1½
48 John Lawton, America, age 50, 2 waggons, 20 oxen, 76 Cows, 3 horses, 1 ass
49 Margaret Lawton, America, age 31
50 Mary Anne Lawton, America, age 15
51 James N. Bolant, America, age 24
52 James Greenwood, England, age 32
53 Matilda Greenwood, England, age 32
54 Hoyle Greenwood, England, age 11
55 Mary M. Greenwood, England, age 7
56 James A. Greenwood, England, age 1
57 Mary Hoyle, England, age 60
58 Thomas Fisher, Capt 2nd ten, England, age 43, 2 waggons, 8 oxen, 2 cows, 1 horse
59 Jane Fisher, England, age 42
60 Tho[ma]s. W[illiam]. J[ohn]. Fisher, England, age 19
61 William F. Fisher, England, age 15, 1 horse & 2 Cows are Guiscards
62 John Fisher, England, age 12
63 Mary Anne Fisher, England, age 10
64 Georgina Fisher, England, age 7
65 Jeremiah Guiscard [Guiscord], England, age 63
66 Walter George White, England, age 32, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 2 Cows, 2 horses
67 Bridget White, Ireland, age 30, 1 cow
68 Walter I. White, England, age 6 Total 5 waggons, 32 oxen, 80 Cows, 6 horses, 1 ass
69 Rosana White, England, age 2½
70 Joseph Brigham White, England, age 6 months
71 George Kemp, England, age 22
72 Abraham Marchant, England, age 32, 2 waggons, 10 oxen, 2 Cows
73 Lydia Marchant, England, age 40
74 Mary Anne Marchant, England, age 15
75 Sarah M. Marchant, England, age 14
76 Robert A. Marchant, England, age 11
77 George H. [Albert George Henry] Marchant, England, age 9
78 Lydia Marchant, England, age 7
79 John Alma Marchant, England, age 6
80 Louisa M. Marchant, England, age 3
81 Franklin W. Marchant, England, age 10 months
82 Sarah I. Barnes, England, age 29
83 Thos. Taylor, England, age 29
84 Louisa Taylor, England, age 30
85 Edward Taylor, England, age 2
86 Mary Anne Yeates, England, age 22
87 John Smith, England, age 24
88 William R. Kingsford, England, age 34, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
89 Louisa Kingsford, England, age 37, Joint stock Waggon
90 George Cook, England, age 25
91 Anna [Hannah] Cook, England, age 31
92 George Lee, New York, age 45, 1 Waggon, 4 oxen, 1 Hen
93 Martha Lee, England, age 43 Total 4 wagons, 18 oxen, 2 Cows, 1 Hen
94 Jane Lee, England, age 21
95 George Lee, England, age 18
96 Sarah Lee, England, age 16
97 Alma Lee, England, age 9
98 Martha Lee, England, age 6
99 Joseph Sutherland, Ireland, age 64, 1 waggon, 6 oxen, 1 Cow, 1 Horse
100 Hannah Sutherland, Ireland, age 65
101 William Sutherland, Ireland, age 34
102 Anne Sutherland, Ireland, age 22
103 Jane Sutherland, Ireland, age 23
104 Annie Sutherland, Ireland, age 6
105 Joseph Sutherland, Ireland, age 4
106 Robert Jones, England, age 24
107 Thomas Babbington [Bebbington], England, age 53, 1 waggon, 6 oxen, 2 Cows
108 Elizabeth Babbington [Bebbington], England, age 50
109 Harriette Babbington [Bebbington], England, age 39
110 Sarah Babbington [Bebbington], England, age 19
111 William Parker, England, age 27
112 Phillip Labbey [Laby], Jersey, age 28, 1 waggon, 6 oxen
113 Mary Labbey [Laby], Jersey, age 22
114 John W. Williams, America, age 24
115 Esther Williams, Jersey, age 21 Totals 3 waggons, 18 oxen, 3 Cows, 1 horse
116 Thomas Sutherland, Ireland, age 26, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
117 Eleanor Willimina Sutherland, Ireland, age 25
118 Leige [Serge] Louis Ballif, Capt 3 ten, Switzerland, age 33, 2 waggons, 10 oxen, 1 Cow, 1 horse
119 Elizabeth Ballif, Switzerland, age 28
120 Louise Ballif, Switzerland, age 5
121 Marie Ballif, Switzerland, age 3
122 John Wild, England, age 22
123 Phillip [Louis Phillipe] Cardon, Italy, age 21
124 Henriette Vuffray, Switzerland, age 19
125 Jabez Woodard, England, age 32, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
126 Anne Woodard, England, age 36
127 Ellen Woodard, England, age 6
128 John Woodard, England, age 1
129 Sarah Horton, England, age 30
130 [John] Paul Cardon, Italy, age 13
131 Francis Desaueles [DeSaules], Switzerland, age 48, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 1 Cow
132 Julie Desaueles [DeSaules], Switzerland, age 46
133 Daniel Bartoch [Bertoch], Italy, age 19
134 Charles Desaueles [DeSaules], Switzerland, age 58, 2 waggons, 8 oxen, 1 Cow
135 John [Jean] Cardon, Italy, age 28
136 John Daniel Malion [Malan], Italy, age 21
137 Margaret Desaueles [Marguerite DeSaules], Switzerland, age 60 Totals 7 waggons, 30 oxen, 3 Cows, 1 horse
138 Francis F. Roulet, Switzerland, age 37, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
139 Anne Roulet, Switzerland, age 47, Fund Waggon
140 Fanny Roulet, Switzerland, age 12
141 Louis Courvoisier, Switzerland, age 82
142 Barbara Courv[o]isier, Switzerland, age 54
143 Louis Cha[u]puis, Switzerland, age 28
144 John Bertoch, Italy, age 28
145 [Jeanne] Antoinette Bertoch, Italy, age 24
146 Ja[c]ques Bertoch, Italy, age 15
147 Phillip[e] Cardon, Italy, age 55, 1 waggon, 4 oxen, 1 Cow
148 [Marthe] Marie Ciardon, Italy, age 58
149 Catherine Cardon, Italy, age 23
150 [Marie] Maddeline Cardon, Italy, age 20
151 Barthelomay [Thomas Barthelemy] Cardon, Italy, age 11
152 Marian [Marianne Lataire] Pons, Italy, age 50, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
153 Marie [Marianne] Pons, Italy, age 27
154 David [Charles] Pons, Italy, age 17
155 Lydia Pons, Italy, age 15
156 Emma Pons, Italy, age 5
157 [George] Louis Graehl, Germany, age 45, 1 waggon, 4 oxen
158 Louise [Charlotte Leuba] Graehl, Switzerland, age 32
159 [Marie] Adeline Graehl, Switzerland, age 5
160 Fanny Graehl, Switzerland, age 3
161 Georges Louis Graehl, Switzerland, age 1 Totals 4 waggons, 16 oxen, 1 Cow
162 Fred Loba, Switzerland, age 44, 2 waggons, 10 oxen, 2 Cows, 1 horse
163 Harriette Loba, England, age 18
164 Charles Stoyddmann [Stoudemann], Switzerland, age 14
165 Lana [Lena] Loba, Switzerland, age 10
166 Fratz Loba, Switzerland, age 7
167 Anna Loba, Switzerland, age 5
168 Theodor Loba, Switzerland, age 3
169 Eygeni [Eugenie] Loba, Switzerland, age 2
170 Victor Loba, Switzerland, age 7 months
First page, 4 waggons, 16 oxen, 4 cows, 1 horses 2 hens
Second page, 7 waggons, 30 oxen, 4 Cows, 1 horse, 1 calf, 1 ass
Third page, 5 waggons, 32 oxen, 80 Cows, 6 horses, 1 calf, 1 dog
Fourth page, 4 waggons, 18 oxen, 2 Cows, 1 hen, [illegible text]
Fifth page, 3 wagons, 12 oxen, 1 Cow, 1 horse
Sixth page, 7 waggons, 30 oxen, 3 Cows, 1 horse
Seventh page, 4 waggons, 16 oxen, 1 Cow
Eight page, 2 waggons, 10 oxen, 2 Cows, 1 horse
Total 36 waggons, 170 oxen, 97 Cows, 11 horses, 3 hens, 1 calf, 1 dog, 1 ass